## Question

###### 5. Using the decomposition reaction and the table below, (1) calculate the rate constant of the...

## Answers

To predict the rate constant of a reaction graphically using concentration and time data, we can use the following rate equations for different order reactions.

Where

Hence, plotting yields a straight line with slope -k for zero order reaction.

Plotting yields a straight line with slope -k for first order reaction.

Plotting yields a straight line with slope k for second order reaction.

Now, for our given data set, we can plot the above three graphs and determine the order of the reaction and rate constant by whichever plots happen to be a straight line indicating the order.

Hence, the data points we need for the plot are

Now, plotting [H

_{2}O_{2}] vs t, we get the following graph.Note that the graph is not a straight line. Hence, clearly the reaction is not zero order.

Now, we will test for first order kinetics by plotting ln[H

_{2}O_{2}] vs. t. Hence, the plot we get is

(1).Note that the plot is a straight line represented by the fit equation, .

Hence, the reaction obeys first order kinetics.

Note: we need not check for the second order kinetics as we found out that the reaction is indeed first order.We can calculate the rate constant of the reaction from the slope of the graph.

Note that the slope equals negative of the rate constant. Also note that kt is unitless. Hence, unit of the rate constant must be sec

^{-1}.Since the slope is -0.0037,

the rate constant of the reaction is .

(2).Now that we know the reaction is first order with respect to H

_{2}O_{2}, we can write the following rate law.

Hence, we can calculate the rate of the reaction at as follows

(3).The graph of decomposition of H2O2 showing the approximate concentration of H2O2 at t =200 s can be shown as follows:

Hence, the approximate concentration of H_{2}O_{2}at t=200 s is about 0.42 M.We were unable to transcribe this imageWe were unable to transcribe this imageSecond Order [At kt In[Aloconcentration at time t AtWe were unable to transcribe this imageWe were unable to transcribe this imageWe were unable to transcribe this imageWe were unable to transcribe this imageWe were unable to transcribe this imageTime ,s H202,M In[H202] 1/[H202] 0 0.882 -0.12556 1.133787 60 0.697 -0.36097 1.43472 120 0.566 -0.56916 1.766784 180 0.458 -0.78089 2.183406 240 0.372 -0.98886 2.688172 300 0.298 -1.21066 3.355705 360 0.236 -1.44392 4.237288 420 0.188 -1.67131 5.319149 480 0.152 -1.88387 6.578947 540 0.12 -2.12026 8.333333 600 0.094 2.36446 10.6383[H202],M 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 time, s H202], MIn[H202] 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 y= 0.0037x-0.1195 R2 0.9996 -0.5 -1 -1.5 -2 -2.5 time, s In[H202We were unable to transcribe this imageWe were unable to transcribe this imageWe were unable to transcribe this imageWe were unable to transcribe this imageWe were unable to transcribe this imageDecomposition of H2O2 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.42 M, 200 s 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 time, s H202], M