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The clock in the sketch can provide an intuitive explanation of the time dilation formula. The...

Question

The clock in the sketch can provide an intuitive explanation of the time dilation formula. The...

Phototube Mirror Flashtube 12.11 Time dilation The clock in the sketch can provide an intuitive explanation of the time dilation formula. The clock consists of a flashtube, mirror. and phototube. The flashtube emits a pulse of light that travels distance L to the mirror and is reflected back to the phototube. Every time a pulse hits the phototube it triggers the flashtube. Neglecting time delay in the triggering circuits, the period of the clock is Too 2L/c. Now examine the clock in a coordinate system moving to the eft with uniform velocity v. In this system the clock appears to move to the right with velocity v. Find the period of the clock in the moving system by direct calculation, using only the assump- tions that c is a universal constant, and that distance perpendicu lar to the ne of motion is unaffected by the motion. The resul should be identical to that given by the Lorentz transformation To/ Vi
The clock in the sketch can provide an intuitive explanation of the time dilation formula. The clock consists of a flashtube, mirror, and phototube. The flashtube emits a pulse of light that travels distance L to the mirror and is reflected back to the phototube. Every time a pulse hits the phototube it triggers the flashtube. Neglecting time delay in the triggering circuits, the period of the clock is tau_0 = 2L/c. Now examine the clock in a coordinate system moving to the left with uniform velocity v. In this system the clock appears to move to the right with velocity v. Find the period of the clock in the moving system by direct calculation, using only the assumptions that c is a universal constant, and that distance perpendicular to the line of motion is unaffected by the motion. The result should be identical to that given by the Lorentz transformation: tau = tau_0/squareroot 1 - v^2/c^2.

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