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Identify a family member or a friend, not a client, and conduct a pain assessment using...

Question

Identify a family member or a friend, not a client, and conduct a pain assessment using...

Identify a family member or a friend, not a client, and conduct a pain assessment using the COLDERR approach/questions. Write a brief summary of what you found and identify two nursing non-pharmacological interventions that you might recommend.

Answers

Ans) COLDERR Pain assessment Method:

C: Characteristics& Dull, achy, sharp, stabbing, pressure

O: Onset- When did the pain start?

L: Location- Where does ot actually hurts?

D: Duration- How long does it last?

E: Exaberation- What makes the pain worse?

R: Radiation- Does it travel? To Where?

R: Relief- What provides relief? to What degree?

Associated Symptoms- Nausea, Anxiety, Autonomic responses

Non- Pharmacology interventions:

  • Massage: A lot of people find relief from gentle massage, and some hospiceagencies have volunteers who are trained in massage therapy. Several studies have found that massage is effective in relieving pain and other symptoms for people with serious illness.
  • Relaxation techniques: Guided imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback, breathing techniques, and gentle movement such as tai chi. Relaxation techniques are often very effective, particularly when a patient -- or a caregiver -- is feeling anxious.
  • Acupuncture: Several studies have found that acupuncture can be helpful in relieving pain for people with serious illnesses such as cancer.
  • Physical therapy: If a person has been active before and is now confined to bed, even just moving the hands and feet a little bit can help.

Ans) COLDERR Pain assessment Method:

C: Characteristics& Dull, achy, sharp, stabbing, pressure

O: Onset- When did the pain start?

L: Location- Where does ot actually hurts?

D: Duration- How long does it last?

E: Exaberation- What makes the pain worse?

R: Radiation- Does it travel? To Where?

R: Relief- What provides relief? to What degree?

Associated Symptoms- Nausea, Anxiety, Autonomic responses

Non- Pharmacology interventions:

  • Massage: A lot of people find relief from gentle massage, and some hospiceagencies have volunteers who are trained in massage therapy. Several studies have found that massage is effective in relieving pain and other symptoms for people with serious illness.
  • Relaxation techniques: Guided imagery, hypnosis, biofeedback, breathing techniques, and gentle movement such as tai chi. Relaxation techniques are often very effective, particularly when a patient -- or a caregiver -- is feeling anxious.
  • Acupuncture: Several studies have found that acupuncture can be helpful in relieving pain for people with serious illnesses such as cancer.
  • Physical therapy: If a person has been active before and is now confined to bed, even just moving the hands and feet a little bit can help.


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