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1) Answer questions a and b for the following molecules:...

Question

1) Answer questions a and b for the following molecules:

1) Answer questions a and b for the following molecules:



Answers

Give names for the following molecules.

Not naming some molecular shapes. So firstly we have etcetera federal. So for example, C. H. Four central carbon. And for hydrogen surrounding while we have bonding angle of about 109.5° in the next example, for part B. We have a tribunal play now. So for example, B. F. Three, the central borough and then we have three florins surrounding that boron By the bonding angle is about 120°.. Lastly in part C we have a tribunal pyramid. Yeah. You also see tribunal para middle. They both mean the same thing. So for example, we have ammonia and age three Our central nitrogen as a lone pair and we have three hydrogen. So this is based off the tetra federal confirmation. You can sort of see the resemblance where the nitrogen has a loan power on the top. Whereas the carbon just has one extra hydrogen here demanding angle depending on what you're reading from. You might see 107.5 Well you might see 109.5. I tend to Lean more towards the one. It was 7.5 because of the lone pair of electrons on the top that generates that a little bit more of electron proportion compared to the funding Pair of the Carbon and Hydrogen in Ch four. Yeah, yeah.

For this Kocian, we have to determine the functional group present in the given component. So starting with Oceanie, the given compound has a functional group off LD Height Sis L King We have sis l king faucet. The possibility off, Sis Elkin is when to similar groups are on the same side along with the possibility off. Trance looking. If the two similar groups are on the opposite side Off the molecular structure moving toe adoption be the functional group are alcohol and came l king and mine towards auction. See the functional group Here is Keitel and mine. Last option d. We have a mite on Dhe fino. Functional. Cool present.

So to get a structural formula from simple ball and stick model like we have here, what you're first going to Dio is look at what types of Adams you have and represent them with their atomic symbol. So the red indicates on oxygen. So we have oxygen and oxygen bonded together and anything that's white. Any white little ball is going to be a hard region which could be represented with an age. So this is our structural formula for the 1st 1 Next. Ah, we have two carbons born to do each other with a an extra chlorine atom. That's what this green represents, and deep brown for the the black represents a carbon, so we can start by drawing the hydrogen that will be bonded to carbon in. This corresponds to the section of the molecule we can keep going, drawing the other carbon, the other two hydrogen and coin. And it would be equally correct if you had this scoring down here or in this spot as well, as long as you had to hide regions into chlorine. So that's your answer for this one and then coming up to this slightly more complex molecule, Um we have to identify first with the atoms are so anything read, any of these little red ones are going to be oxygen's. And these blue ones are going to be phosphorus. So we can start by drawing the phosphorus on top here, and this section corresponds toe these guys up here, these atoms and really it's just a process of identifying and replacing the circles that we have, John. So it could be a little hard to map. Sometimes. Just make sure you're paying attention to Ah, what exactly is being drawn? But essentially you are just replacing. He bone stick bonds with letters and sticks in between them and don't okay, and then another oxygen here and we can't We should have 10 owes. So 12345678 9 10 That's 10 owes, and we do have four phosphors, so we know that this is right. Also, what you're going to want to do is identify any double bonds so anytime oxygen is alone, it doesn't have any sort of charge on it. It's probably going to be double bonded to the phosphorus, and the phosphorus could do this violated the architect rule because it does have those d orbital's so it can double bond, even though it already has three other bonds. So this is your answer. All right. Next we have this alcohol of sorts and we're gonna do the same thing, So no red is going to be oxygen. We know that's any black is going to be carbon, and we can just replace the hydrogen is the little white balls with h is and there's three carbons bonded together. Each of them have four single bonds, and you can draw Draw this Ohh as, um as an O. H or an o dash age. Because it we know this as an alcohol functional group, so either way would work. But your final answer is this formula right here and the last molecule formic acid eyes pretty much done for us. So we see that, um, in the sense that we just have to convert it to, um to the letters, the atomic symbols. So the hydrogen was bonded to a carbon we see there similarly, that carbons wanted to an oxygen, and that's bonded to hydrogen. But this carbon needs four bonds, and it only has two. So what we observe in the molecule. And this bond over here is that there is indeed going to be a double bond to this oxygen. So this is your answer for these structural?

The woman in this purse, we have to structure and we want to draw their formula. And then the mind your name and molecular or formula mass For the first mom, we found that this structural is for one sulfur industry oxygen. So this molecule isco Vaillant. So when we name it, it's called Self So drawing what sign? And the 2nd 1? We have your three carbon and 800 so carpentry and a hard drive. So this is a and these is B so this component exists as a following three Carbon ch is three. It's too a your registry. So these gold from organic is called program No, we have the formula and there was in him so we can calculate the movie crew mass for the 1st 1 The atomic must for suffer asserted toe plants. We have three oxygen so three times 16. So it will be a t a M u for the 2nd 1 We have sweet couple so three times it will last 800 Jin saw a times one. So it's people 44 a. M. You thing


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