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Provide a name for the compound below:...

Question

Provide a name for the compound below:

Provide a name for the compound below:



Answers

What is the name of the following compound?

Let us all this problem where certain structures have been given, for which we have to write the names of these compounds. So the first one is the structure In this structure there are seven carbon atoms that is one toe 34 567 On In this structure there is a double born between carbon number two and three and carbon number four in five. So at carbon number tow, the configuration is e and it for it is again E. So it's name will be to e four e have done toe for die in the next structure has six carbon atoms which are numbered as one toe 34 56 Now here at carbon number three, the configuration is zed. So its name will be three Did exa. When three die in, the next structure has again six carbon atoms is 123456 On the configuration at carbon number three is e configuration. So it is three. Mm exa 13 die in the next compound has six carbon atoms. This is 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th five and sex. There is a triple one between carbon number three and four and Overall, the compound has six carbon atom, so it will be named as hex three. I'm then this structure. It has four carbon atoms. There is one toe 34 And there is the double born between carbon number one and two. So it will be named as Butte one in. So these are the are you PC names off the given structures off the compound.

Hello Today we'll be talking about Chapter 19 Question 36 which asks us about naming organic compounds. And so here we'll start by looking at the functional group of the molecule. The main functional group is the AL Keen here. This gives us the Suffolk CE. I mean for Al Keen. Next will count up the carbon chain giving this functional group the lowest numbers possible. Here's carbon one two. We ignore the branch three four and we'll call this 15 We have five carbons and that gives us the prefix tent because we have five carbons air Main chain. Now we have our substitutes. You have a metal group here, here and here, which gives us Try me, Ethel, and we have the carbons that these air on carbon too Carbon four and Carbon four. And so lastly, we can put this all together We have 244 Try me, Ethel Pent And then we have to put in one more number so we know which carbon. The Al Keen starts on carbon too. So pent two in and so trying another example again, we find our distinctive functional group. In this case, it's the Al kind. Which gives us a suffix of Ayn. Why n he? So we can number the carbons Starting closest to the AL kind one two three. Looking for the longest chain. So we continue past four, 56 six carbons gives us the prefix hex. We have two methods. Substitue INTs. And so we're dime Ethel. And those air both on the fourth Carbon here. Yes, we have 44 dime Ethel Hex. And then we have to specify the number for the AL kind hex to mine because the AL kind starts on the second Carbon doing 1/3 example. Once again, we have an l keen and that gives us the ah Suffolk CE in. And now we're account, starting in on the lowest carbon. And so if we count from the left side, we get one 23 on the right side. 123 And so we decided to choose this end of the molecule as the starting point because it gives the number for this other substitute int the Ethel Group, the lowest possible number of three rather than four. If we went from the right side of the molecule and so we'll just erase thes. We will continue numbering three, 456 gives us the prefix hicks. And now we look at our some stud subsists wint, which is an effort group. And so we have full group on the third Carbon three. Ethel Hex three I mean And so for one last example, we have one more Al Keen here. Well, I like that in red. This once again gives us the Suffolk SW Dean and we have a lone carbon chain. We'll start close to the Al Keen One, 234 567 seven Carbons gives us the prefix helped and we have a substitute mint with three carbons, which gives us proposal three carbons is apropo substantial int that occurs on the third carbon. So this is three po pro Payal helped two in. And so hopefully this helps you naming organic compounds just by kind of characterizing first, the distinctive functional group, the longest chain and finally this substitute since and the carpet's in which all functional groups occur, they

Right for each I simmer, we need to determine the longest carbon chain and then also determine where so sis or Trans, the biggest functional groups are from that chain. So for the 1st 1 we do have a three carbon Jane, right? With the double bond being on carbon number one, which is also where the broom Penis or a numbering from right to left here. And since we have that methyl groups the CH three and the roaming on the same side of the compound, we can call that assists. I simmer. Right. So it's assist one bro mo one protein for the three carbon chain with the double want for the next one. We actually have a seven carbon chain when you look at the longest possible option. All right. So for that seven carbon chain, right, that is essentially that kind of the bottom part of that compound, which means the ch three in the sea to ch two ch three are on the same side. So that's another cyst. Ice mar. All right, so we have a cyst. I summer there. Know when we look at this number wise, right? We have to consider that double bond being our priority for number in. So that means our double bond will be on carbon three if we count left to right from the starting kind of with that bottom. So see, a ch three ch two. Then we hit the double bond. So it's gonna be a hep teams or three hep teen from there when we number it, we haven't Ethel and, um, Ethel. All right, so Ethel comes first alphabetically. So Ethel is on the fourth. Carbon metal is on the third carbon. Those were the cysts. Um, come are pieces of this compound? No, the double bond is three. So it's a hep teen. Finally, we have a five carbon Jane here. So we have some i nines attached. This is kind of a weird looking train, but we have 12345 And the double bond, remember, takes priority. So we're gonna number right to left here. So the first apartment has the double bond and one of the Aydin's, and then on the other side, we have the another substitute, which makes it the other iodine, which is that makes it a trans. I simmer great with our five carbon chain being our longest dream. So this one is going to be a trans. I simmer So our iodine sze are on carbon one and four. That'll be die I oto, which is a little weird. But that's the iodine to Pro Bowl because we have that three carbon chain one pen teen, right? So the Trans Grey are a czar. I dines. Those are opposite from each other and the numbering is based on the location of the double bond.

Hello. In this question, we have three compounds to name three organic compounds and what we notice in each of these we see see O H or, in other words, thes air all car box cilic acids. And this is important to know because that tells us that the end of each of our names is going to end with Suffolk's Awake and acid. That is how car box ill gasses Air named hm these air, also known as organic acids. So let's go ahead and get started. We have a benzene ring and letter A with C functional group that makes it a car box hill Gasset attached here and then a chlorine attached over here. So when we name this again, we know that it's a carb oxalic acid, so it's going to end with OIC acid eso we need Thio name what is attached to the carb oxalic acid. So that is a benzene. So this becomes Ben's OIC acid. But we're not done yet because we still need to name chlorine group that we see here. So if Thekla Box Ilic Group is attached to the first carbon in the ring, the chlorine is attached to carbon number four in the ring. Regardless which way we number going around this ring, it's still going to be on carbon number four. So we need to name that also And that is on the fourth carbon. So we have to give it an address, and then we use we use the root of its word chloral. So what we get is four chlor Oh, Ben's OIC acid. And that is the correct name of this forklore. Oh, Ben's OIC acid. Let's move on to let her be and let her be, We see. Okay, so I am just doing the skeleton structure of these, Okay, Until I get to the functional groups that we could see that it is, in fact, a functional group. Um Okay, so let's see. What would you have here again? The car box Hill Gas ID. So it's going to end with a weak acid. We need to see how maney carbons are in the longest continuous chain. This doesn't necessarily mean a straight chain. We're looking for the longest continuous chain. So starting with the carbon that is in the car box look acid, the longest continuous chain. It's the one that I just highlighted there. In other words, it's one to 3456 carbons in length. So that is six carbon chain. If it's just a If you were just a hydrocarbon, it would be Xing. So this is going to end. We're going to take heck saying we'll take the E off the end and at our OIC acid. Yeah, Okay, So by writing Hexen OIC acid, I have taken care of the functional group and six carbon chain, but we still have a couple of branches here we have a one carbon branch coming off with Second Carbon and a two carbon branch coming off the third carbon two carbons. We know the prefix is F, and since it's a substitute coming off here, it's going to be an awful and one. Carbon is meth, so this is going to be a metal, and then we just need to supply an address. The methyl comes off the second carbon. The ethel comes off the third Carbon. We know that we have to put these in alphabetical order, so we're going to write the FL first. So it's addresses three because it comes off the third carbon so three fo and then coming off the second carbon is the metal. So three ethel to metal Hexen OIC acid. That's our final answer. Okay, so you notice that naming these is really just going in order and making sure that we're naming each part of the molecule. This last one last one's pretty easy. We just have a C double bonded to a no to a Noto NH, and I'll even put in the other age here. So there's only one carbon here, So one carbon hydrocarbon would be methane. But we see this is a car box cilic acid. So this is going to start like I'm writing methane. But instead of putting the e right but a week acid So this is methodology. I said, Car, box Cilic acid That just has one carbon in it. Final answer. All right, thanks so much for watching


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