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The drug cocaine hydrochloride hydrolyzes in air to give methyl benzoate. Its odor, which smells like pineapple guava, is used to train drugsniffing dogs. $(16.1,16...

Question

The drug cocaine hydrochloride hydrolyzes in air to give methyl benzoate. Its odor, which smells like pineapple guava, is used to train drugsniffing dogs. $(16.1,16.3$ $16.4,16.5)$a. Draw the condensed structural formula for methyl benzoate.b. Give the name of the carboxylic acid and alcohol used to prepare methyl benzoate.c. Write a balanced chemical equation for the acid hydrolysis of methyl benzoate.d. Write a balanced chemical equation for the base hydrolysis of methyl benzoate with $mathrm{

The drug cocaine hydrochloride hydrolyzes in air to give methyl benzoate. Its odor, which smells like pineapple guava, is used to train drugsniffing dogs. $(16.1,16.3$ $16.4,16.5)$ a. Draw the condensed structural formula for methyl benzoate. b. Give the name of the carboxylic acid and alcohol used to prepare methyl benzoate. c. Write a balanced chemical equation for the acid hydrolysis of methyl benzoate. d. Write a balanced chemical equation for the base hydrolysis of methyl benzoate with $mathrm{NaOH}$.



Answers

Write a balanced chemical equation using condensed structural formulas for the saponification (base hydrolysis) of (a) methyl propionate, (b) phenyl acetate.

Again we have to right the complete reaction using the condense formula So the words react inside. We have proponent acid on beauty in all so proponent gas it is ch three. See? It's too See double born oxygen with whom etch on DDE Beauty. Nor will be who h c. It's too ch two. See? It's too ch three. It leads to formation off ch Tweet Ch. Two see double born oxygen excision Ch 23 See, it's three. The component form is beauty tile proof by No. Eight, but the words option being the reactions are metal. Benzo it along with sodium hydroxide, so we have C six ej five. See Delavan Oxygen Oxygen Ch. Three plus sorting Bother to Andi, which negative that leads to formacion off sodium benzoate. C six h Fight See Double Born Who? An A plus Ch Tree which methanol on DDE sodium benzoate

Three metal Penton oic acid is gonna be a carb oxalic acid, and it's gonna have five carbon chain. So we're gonna have That's why I'll offend you, Curtis. Um, so we're gonna have a five carbon chain, so 2345 off of that, we're gonna have an O H. Group and a double bonded. Oh, that's our car. Boxing like acid coming off. What we would consider our first carbon there because that's the carb oxalic acid. The third carbon eso remember that first carbon is where the carb oxalic acid is found. So are 1/3 carbon will have a mess of metal group because it was three methyl Penton oic acid ethyl methane No. Eight is going to be see Ethel Methanol. Wheat is going to be an e, um, and Esther. Right. So we know that an Esther has a double bonded Oh, and a single bandito. Now, this one is method. Know it. So that means we just have one carbon with the double bond in its ethyl methane know it. Which means on the other side of the oxygen, we have a two carbon chain. We have a ch three ch two single Bonanno to our double bonded up, um, carbon upto and hydrogen. Right. So the metal is the one carbon, and the Ethel is the two carbon chain metha ll Benzino eight is gonna be similar. It's gonna have a benzene with it, right? So you are Benz and oh, it means that the benzene is actually attached to the carbon with the double bonded. Oh, so we're gonna have a six carbon chain here or six carbon ring with the double bonds there. And remember, that's that's not oxygen. Those air double lawns. So just so we don't get it Confused Member, you can draw the residence. You can draw that circle in the middle to represent those double bonds, right? That's single bond into the oxygen over here. And it's a metal group. So that's a ch three soem Ethel bends and oh, wait, then we have three chlor 024 dime Ethel Hexen oic acid. So Hexen Alec Acid is gonna be a six carbon carb oxalic acid 3456 The first carbon is gonna have the carb oxalic acid abortion attached to it. From there we have a 24 dime Ethel civilians we have. Ah, metal on two and a metal on four. And we also have a three chlor. Oh, so we're gonna have a c l there for Gloria. And the rest of these will be hydra agents. Right? So we have hydrogen anywhere that I'm putting a dash here, we'll have a hydrogen attached to it to complete the bonds around the carpet.

In this western, we're going to draw the structural formula. Well, five chemical company. The first how bone His three muscle Internet weak acid. So the parent chain house five public it's on assets with the functional group is see double bubble. So each and also there's a metal at carbon position number. So the carbon off the capital group is designated house Have a number one. So this will be to and this will be was a showing three with the miserable going to be located. And now we're going to finish with the to have one hydrogen bones. Who this this instruct you? Oh, three methyl pension with massive. The second structure, which we're going to be looking is fl method. So it's an esta. So it has to be prophecy. Double bubble. Oh, and then key and from the asset in the S O came from alcohol. So this say yeah, on this site we have which is C H two c h. So this is a chapter of fl method wit. So you think that structure we're going to be looking him? Yes, nephew Benzer. So it's an estimate. So it has the from you see have a wonderful single this Renzi. Well, he and from the acid when you left your pot came from the I hope you see each the come home, which we're going to be looking out, is no more beautiful, weak acid parents. She and pounds cool problem atoms find it. So it's on us in. So it has the functional group C Trouble buckle single one Aurich. And there's a growing group. That's a problem Position number to so Kabul off the couples. And it s a group. It's designated us position number one. Therefore, this will be commission and look to where the Benzie where the grooming is going to be located. The new finish. But the kind of one hydrogen balloons. Well, this is a structure off to broom Euteneuer Cassidy. So the final structure it really went drool. Is that three No. Two Full dimethyl. Thanks. A weak acid thing. So the parent chain has six problem and it has an asset group. You don't see it as a whole. So it has Maureen oppositional free. So it's normal big car bombs. So the carbon off the cup of acid no would be follow number one so there. What? It will be too, for me. Four. Thank you. And six. So we have a full Ringo at Kabul. Three have a flooring. Then we hope two method groups at position number. It's two and four. So you have a Yeah. And we have a little girl. Yeah. No. What's finish? A structure are joined in the Kabul. On your money. This is the stroke.


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