5

(a) State the octet rule. (b) Does the octet rule apply to ionic as well as to covalent compounds? Explain, using examples as appropriate....

Question

(a) State the octet rule. (b) Does the octet rule apply to ionic as well as to covalent compounds? Explain, using examples as appropriate.

(a) State the octet rule. (b) Does the octet rule apply to ionic as well as to covalent compounds? Explain, using examples as appropriate.



Answers

Describe the octet rule in the Lewis model.

All right, So in this question, we are asked about the uptempo rule hand rolled. The October rule has on forming a stable irons. So the, um, tetro states that Adams, in general, like to have a total of eight valence electrons so that we look at Florida, for example. Florrie isn't group seven A. It's right here. It's a group seven A. So Florian has seven variants electrons, and each of these dots represents a single electron. So Florida has seven. Emits electrons normally, and remember, it's got because it's in the second row. It's also got two electrons in the S orbital. So a total of nine electrons, but only 17 the most outer show. So he wants to get to eight. How do we get flooring? Teoh? Eight electrons. We have to add an electron to it. But just one, the end results would be in flooring with eight electrons around it. But because we added electric and she didn't have a proton, we have to have this negative charge, right, because right now Florrie has nine protons total. It's got eight electrons in its outer show, but it's also got to in the inner shell that means it's got a total of 10 electrons and it's got nine protons. So 10 9 minus 10 is negative one. And that's why the Flory will have a negative point charge when it satisfies the up. Tuggle. Yeah, in the formation of an item. So the same could be said about chlorine bromine, iodine for anything else in groups. And hey, so excuse me just a moment, Okay? So if we look at glory, for example, Horan's also Group seven A. So when chlorine forms and I on, that would be a negative one eye on because it has seven electrons to begin with. And it needs one more to complete the architect. Let's do a different example. Let's talk about oxygen. For example. Oxygen isn't group six A. So that means it's got six balance electrons, and it's gonna need to mawr to complete the octet. That means that when oxygen has all eight of those playlets electrons, it's got a minus two charge. Or I think touch books like to write a to minus charge. Okay, Um, something. No, you can see that trend. Go on. So we look at nitrogen. For example, nitrogen has, um, five valence electrons. And the easiest way to get a would be to have three more electrons, so theoretically had intellect Transit have a three minus charge. Now, as you get closer to the center eso carbon, for example, where groups Here we go. So as you get close to the center So if you look at carbon, for example, carbon is not likely to form ions. And truth be told, no action wasn't very likely to form lions either. So once you get to the point where you have 345 Valence electrons, you're not really going to form Ionic Bonds will most likely form Kobelev bonds. So we've talked about Florian oxygen with top brief about born carbon nitrogen. Let's talk about let Yemen brilliant so lithium only has one band to like Tron and beryllium only has to they have a long way to go to reach that ate that for So instead of doing that, they actually prefer to donate their luck shots. So if they minus shut electron, they close off this outer P orbital, they're left with just there s article. So if we suppose terms we donated a lot chart from lithium with him is left with two electrons total and they're just going to be in this And there s orbital. They're appealable is going to be empty. What does that mean for lithium? That means that lithium has three protons because its atomic number history the pro tons, but only two electrons. That means it's got a positive one charge. Remember, I ends with the positive charge our cat islands similarly with beryllium, we know that William is going to want to lose those two electrons, and the end results would be brilliant with its two electrons in the A sorbitol and empty P orbital hands a, uh, keep doing that and don't have a two plus charge. So the opt up broken help you predict whether or not in Adam is going to lose or gain electrons to form a stable ion. And just to recap, your medals are going to lose electrons. Your nine medals are typically going to gain a lot Trunks. These things in the center here are more most likely going to form code. Vaillant Johnson, sort of ionic bonds and these noble gases at the end are already stable because they have eight valence electrons, so they're not going Teoh form ionic bonds

Some molecules do not follow or do not have Adam's, which followed the architectural, such as in the case of a molecule containing zine on as the central Adam. If you look closely in, count up the number of Valence electrons surrounding zine on, there will be 10 instead of eight. The next question is how maney unshared pairs of electrons. Aaron This mark room. Well, we've got three unshared pairs on the four peripheral Adam, so that's 12 plus one unshared paranzino. So that's 13 unshared pairs of electrons. There are only four bonding pairs. Therefore, two electrons. Each gives us a total of eight electrons involved in bonding or shared pairs.

This question asks you to describe how the octet rule applies to co Vaillant bonds well. First, let's define the octet rule and then defined Covalin bonds and see if we can describe how the octet rule applies to Covalin bonds. The octet rule states that Adams tend to gain, lose or share electrons in order to achieve a full set of eight valence electrons when they form bombs. So in the case of a Covalin bond where electrons are shared, that being the definition of a Covalin bond, then we are sharing electrons such that immediate thio. Each Adam is eight valence electrons. You will notice that to count the eight valence electrons surrounding each of these atoms involved in the co violent compound with covalin ponds, carbon dioxide, the shared electrons and that being counted twice. And the shared electrons are the bonding electrons

This question asks you to describe how the octet rule applies to co Vaillant bonds well. First, let's define the octet rule and then defined Covalin bonds and see if we can describe how the octet rule applies to Covalin bonds. The octet rule states that Adams tend to gain, lose or share electrons in order to achieve a full set of eight valence electrons when they form bombs. So in the case of a Covalin bond where electrons are shared, that being the definition of a Covalin bond, then we are sharing electrons such that immediate thio. Each Adam is eight valence electrons. You will notice that to count the eight valence electrons surrounding each of these atoms involved in the co violent compound with covalin ponds, carbon dioxide, the shared electrons and that being counted twice. And the shared electrons are the bonding electrons


Similar Solved Questions

5 answers
Faunnyne 0ethc Quanbitatic vaflalles * and v ae Qiven Ut" Tubli bdow Theze dilnnmeMtter Not chowi nLthr tanl Ire #Ctu pll. #ketcapyroxmatod 0 Itc kassqqarcs [CQLEsslon IvicHnnal
Faunnyne 0e thc Quanbitatic vaflalles * and v ae Qiven Ut" Tubli bdow Theze diln nme Mtter Not chowi nL thr tanl Ire #Ctu pll. #ketc apyroxmatod 0 Itc kassqqarcs [CQLEsslon Ivic Hnnal...
5 answers
A ball is shot straight up from the ground with an initial velocity 80m/s. How long will the ball be in the air?Select one:a. 40sb. 8sc. 80sd.16se. 32s
A ball is shot straight up from the ground with an initial velocity 80m/s. How long will the ball be in the air? Select one: a. 40s b. 8s c. 80s d.16s e. 32s...
5 answers
An oscillatingblock-spring system has an amplitude ofz3cm and maximum speed of1.8 mls_ Whatis the frequency of oscillation?Select one:7.83 Hz1,25 Hz203.47 Hz0.08 Hz
An oscillatingblock-spring system has an amplitude ofz3cm and maximum speed of1.8 mls_ Whatis the frequency of oscillation? Select one: 7.83 Hz 1,25 Hz 203.47 Hz 0.08 Hz...
5 answers
Draw a structure for each alkane.a. 3 -ethylhexaneb. 3 -ethyl-3-methylpentanec. 2,3 -dimethylbutaned. 4,7 -diethyl-2,2-dimethylnonane
Draw a structure for each alkane. a. 3 -ethylhexane b. 3 -ethyl-3-methylpentane c. 2,3 -dimethylbutane d. 4,7 -diethyl-2,2-dimethylnonane...
5 answers
Quution 7 0I77Wcite bulunced overall reaction fTm thesc unbalwnecdd hulf-renctiony Cu" -bllaned orrall ractlon:
Quution 7 0I77 Wcite bulunced overall reaction fTm thesc unbalwnecdd hulf-renctiony Cu" - bllaned orrall ractlon:...
5 answers
20 points) Let x(t) =t 3t and y(t) = t2 Find the equation of the tangent line at t = Find the point(s) where the tangent linc is horizontal: Find the point(s) wherc the tangent line is vertical.
20 points) Let x(t) =t 3t and y(t) = t2 Find the equation of the tangent line at t = Find the point(s) where the tangent linc is horizontal: Find the point(s) wherc the tangent line is vertical....
5 answers
The stagnation pressure ratio across a normal shock in an ideal gas flow is $0.6 .$ Determine the Mach number of the flow entering the shock if the gas is air.
The stagnation pressure ratio across a normal shock in an ideal gas flow is $0.6 .$ Determine the Mach number of the flow entering the shock if the gas is air....
5 answers
Find an equation of the tangent line to the curve at the point (0 sin (3 _) + (sin (3 z))?y(x)
Find an equation of the tangent line to the curve at the point (0 sin (3 _) + (sin (3 z))? y(x)...
5 answers
One of the issues when trying to get a drug to the public is safety and efficacy. How does using an existing drug for an off-target use help speed the process along? What are the exemptions to the typical clinical trial processes (hint: compassionate. .)21
One of the issues when trying to get a drug to the public is safety and efficacy. How does using an existing drug for an off-target use help speed the process along? What are the exemptions to the typical clinical trial processes (hint: compassionate. .)21...
5 answers
Question 1Let A =and B =What is the entry in the second row and second column of AB? answer AS number in simplest torm; Anter yourI07 = ~echelen] Fotn andu reouced ( Unkcowt1s equations in twoQuestion
Question 1 Let A = and B = What is the entry in the second row and second column of AB? answer AS number in simplest torm; Anter your I07 = ~echelen] Fotn andu reouced ( Unkcowt1s equations in two Question...
5 answers
1T74aj4 Vc? 2 Tch U At€ 8f Se iae7FfrkEeSAla"6-piteC07MnAeTe0 4 f vetat#2ACetec$
1T7 4aj4 Vc? 2 Tch U At€ 8f Se iae 7 FfrkEeS Ala "6-pite C07 MnAeTe 0 4 f vetat #2ACetec$...
5 answers
QUESTION 47Use the row reduction algorithm to transform the matrix inte echelon form er reduced echelon ferm as indicated: Find the reduced echelon form ofthe given matrix [::] [i:a [:: [ 1 89 [::
QUESTION 47 Use the row reduction algorithm to transform the matrix inte echelon form er reduced echelon ferm as indicated: Find the reduced echelon form ofthe given matrix [::] [i:a [:: [ 1 89 [::...
5 answers
Find the particular anicerivative of te following derivative that satisfies the given condition:1;Y(1) = 2ylx) =
Find the particular anicerivative of te following derivative that satisfies the given condition: 1;Y(1) = 2 ylx) =...
5 answers
Question 2Letv = (1,1,2)andw = (1,2,-1)What shape is comprised by the set of pointsSv + wfor values0 < $,t < 1A triangleArectangleAparallelogramAplane
Question 2 Let v = (1,1,2) and w = (1,2,-1) What shape is comprised by the set of points Sv + w for values 0 < $,t < 1 A triangle Arectangle Aparallelogram Aplane...
5 answers
3 8 8 sly 1 L 8 8 [ 1 7 L
3 8 8 sly 1 L 8 8 [ 1 7 L...
5 answers
Particle 88 mo;ns_Wrth a6)= 6t+14 8s Postiion a(Celercdia ^ {ss(o)= ana at +imc ta0 TVelocsty 4+ tettad {5 8ts V() = 1S Unath> #tposaton at 4me +314 ?
Particle 88 mo;ns_Wrth a6)= 6t+14 8s Postiion a(Celercdia ^ {ss(o)= ana at +imc ta0 TVelocsty 4+ tettad {5 8ts V() = 1S Unath> #tposaton at 4me +314 ?...

-- 0.067640--