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ampullielt "cn Uu TecIn - What pland eeat omuncs Ihe uctitation ofuhe Hypolhalamns Pituitan Adrenal Medulla Thalamus Fineal 24. Prcganglionie Jti mlo uhn neurttunsmnitler! Aveln Acelycholine KonDinenhrine Dopumic 25. Whcte the ssmnpathetic chiin FAniiu? Narcenan dimulalcu b) On either side ofthe AQil In Inc thilmnus thc anleriof grcy horn of the spinil cord 26. Cholinetgic nctves stimulaleu by what neurns? UPT? nolor ncurons Lower nolo ncuron; Poslganglionic ncurons Wnn Ineun Dcurls Feganglionic ncurOn Intke ncuntransmitter? Adcneteic nert Mrelue Donu Naremincnhnnc Aectylcholine comununicalion betueen the Ist Eod molor nerve cells occur? Wheze doe of the spinal cd the antcrior gicy hom bhin the thalnus Aulu dlonl sympalhetic Caann ganglia 29. Whal i> example(s) of 4 Somatic ellector? Inlestinal Trc Fincal Glund Deltoid Muscle onguc Henm



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For each of the following muscles or body regions, identify the plexus and the peripheral nerve(s) (or branch of one) involved. Use choices from keys A and B. ________,___________(1) the diaphragm _______,___________(2) muscles of the posterior leg ______________,__________(3) anterior thigh muscles _________________,___(4) medial thigh muscles __________<___________(5) anterior arm muscles that flex the forearm ________<_________(6) muscles that flex the hand and digits (two nerves) ________,_______(7) muscles that extend the hand and digits _____________,______(8) skin and extensor muscles of the posterior arm ____________,__________(9) fibularis muscles, tibialis anterior, and toe extensors __,______(10)$ elbow joint Key A: Plexuses: (a) brachial (b) cervical (c) lumbar (d) sacral Key B: Nerves (1) common fibular (2) femoral (3) median (4) musculocutaneous (5) obturator (6) phrenic (7) radial (8) tibial (9) ulnar

Straight on IHS t are I he d you and Streeter? He is the basic nuclear involving. Find control off motor activities. Made you laugh is the reason where there is gross crossover off five off descending pyramid tracks. Hi. Put thalamus have put elements, controls, temperature And what do no make no other system reflects this and also water balance Mid dream with green houses Substance Ian Nigra city. Will city brother Eddie agree, Doc. See it houses substantially. And your great and celebrated equity. Kubra Quadri. Jim, Meena Corpora drinks you Meena Really stations for visual auditory stimulating. Put it is found in. I mean so go back would resume in there. Relay station for visual Auditory stimuli Input found in the brain Major houses Michael center for control of heat. Respiration in blood pressure. Thomas is vain area through which all sensory input is related to get the cerebral cortex to get to their city material cortex. So said every city villa is brain area most concerned with equilibrium, body posture, coordination off motor activity

This question is reviewing the 12 cranial nerves in the body and some of their basic functions. So I can go over each of those 12 in a sort of numbered ordering system based on how ventral or dorsal they are in the body. So a good way to remember them through this numbering system is no Monix. What I personally use is Oh oh, to touch and feel very good velvet. Uh huh. Another popular one I've heard is on old Olympus towering tops a fin and German viewed some hops. There are some naming variations in those and are more for pointing out the purposes of those certain nerves. But as long as you remember the official name for each of the nerves, it should be fine to use either pneumonic. So here we can start with cranial nerve number one, and I'll note that here we can draw a simple basic structure of the human face. Not very good, but it will do. And as we go from 1 to 12, you'll see the nerves kind of start to go from the top and the front of the skull towards the back and the base of the brain in school. So number one, we have olfactory and we have optic. We have ocular motor. We have the trail clear. Trigeminal abductions, facial, the stimulus. Oh, cochlear. She can also be called the acoustic. We have the class affair in jail. Vegas accessory can also be called the spinal. And lastly, the hip a colossal. So starting with olfactory, this is going to be located just above the nose. This will be for sent and for the sense of smell. From there, we're going to go slightly back just behind the eyes. So this is going to be for site a little bit further back. There's going to be a motor neuron used for by movement. There are actually eight different directions. The eyes can move and the ocular motor is responsible for six of them. So all except medial and lateral movement of the eye truck clear is going to be one of the other eye movement nerves. And this one is responsible for medial movement of the eye. That is because you have an organ towards the lateral surface of the eye socket called the choke Leah. And it's going to sort of house and attach a muscle towards the inside of the eye so that when this contracts and shortens, it's going to pull the eyes inward and have a medial motion. From there, we have the trigeminal. This is a series of sort of three nerves that are going to feed multiple portions of the face, so it'll feed the top of the face somewhat of the forehead. Little feed just above the eyes. So for like the eyebrows and it will feed just above the top of the mandible or where the teeth are. So this one is responsible for a lot of facial emotions and for several different facial parasympathetic and other motor functions. So here we can move on to Abdu, since this will be our last eye movement, so ab means away and do since means to lead. This is going to lead the emotion of the eye away from the media plane, so it's going to turn the eyes outward. From there we have the facial nerve, which is a series of five nerves that is going to also feed the face. This one is typically more for a parasympathetic nervous system, whereas the trigeminal is more for movement so this facial nerve has a somewhat five feedings to the face and the neck, and it's going to feed different glands, such as these salivary glands or the parotid glands. From there, we can move on to the vestibular cochlear, which is located just to the sides of the ears, which is perfect because they are responsible for interpreting South class so far. And deal is going to feed glass so the tongue and fair and jail, the pharynx or the throat cavity. This one feeds to the top of the tongue, and the throat also has a more parasympathetic nervous system function there. We can move on to the Vegas, which is probably the most important parasympathetic nervous system you're on, and it's going to feed into the chest cavity, going to feed our heart, nuns and our abdominal organs. So this one is responsible for the rest and digest functions of the body, so it's going to feed the liver, stomach and intestines, promote digestion and bile secretion. From there, we can move on to our two last ones. We have accessory, which is going to feed our neck muscles. The Eastern Oklahoma asteroid, which is a muscle that connects at the sternum and clavicle and feeds to them Asteroid process just behind the ear and is responsible for turning the neck. Lastly, we have HIPPA colossal, so Hippo means underneath, whereas colossal means tongue. So this last nerve is going to feed under the tongue and is responsible for tongue movement. Now that we've identified all of our facial nerves, we can start looking at our answer choices to see which facial nerves match each of these descriptions. So here I'll just start a basic numbering system to help organize how this is going to work. So for number one, we have pupil contraction. Good. If it's going to affect the eyes, a good answer choice would be something that feeds the eyes. So either the ocular motor, the trio clear or abductions facial nerves. Out of those choices, the ocular motor is going to be the best. This is simply because the abdu since and the true clear nerves are more focused on moving the I or as a bundle of nerves such as the ocular motor nerves can fit in some parasympathetic function as well. So here are the best answer. Choice is going to be f moving on to number two. We're looking for something that feeds the face for sensation. So this will most likely be between trigeminal and the facial nerve. So here are best choice is going to be the trigeminal. The facial nerve is more for parasympathetic functions. As the trigeminal is more for sensation and function of the face here, the answer choice will be high. For number three, We're looking for movement of the neck and that muscle I called earlier the sternal Clyde Oh, Master Lloyd. So this will be the accessory which feeds the trapezoid, which are the muscles located at the very top of the back. And of course, the external Clyde on that story. So here the answer tries will be beat for number four. We're looking for two answers for sensory functions. So this means there's no output from the neurons of this region, and it's only for input. So our best choices here are for site and smell. So this will be nerves one and two, or olfactory and objects. So here the answer choice will be G and H. If you find it hard to remember whether each nerve is sensory motor or both. There's another pneumonic for this. It is, some say, marry money. If I could spell this correctly, some say marry money, but my brother says better business matters more. So this will tell you in the order from 1 to 12, whether it's sensory motor or has some function of both. So here are the only two with s are going to be the olfactory and object nerves Moving on to question number five. We are looking for the movement of the tongue. So this is between HIPAA glass cell or glass affair and deal Close affair and deal is more for a parasympathetic functions, whereas hip a glass cell is for movement of tongue. So here, hip a glass cell is the better answer choice. The answer here is in six. We're looking for the function of chewing, so this again will be between trigeminal and the facial nerve. So here, as I've said before, the trigeminal is more for the movement of the face. Whereas facial is more for sympathy, parasitic parasympathetic functions. So this one will also be trigeminal or I moving on. Here we have Bell's palsy. This is sort of a paralysis of the face. It's harder to show emotion. And some parasympathetic nervous system functions have been sort of eliminated. So here, But it's also going to be between trigeminal and facial, and this one will be facial. The answer choice here is C for eight. We are looking for something that controls the function of the heart and lungs. He increased or decreased rate. Yeah, So this will be a parasympathetic nervous system nerve, and it will be Vegas. The best answer choice here is K for nine. We're looking for hearing and balance. So, as I may have mentioned before, the cochlea is the organ in the ear responsible for giving us our sense of balance. So the studio cochlear nerve is responsible for that as well. So here, vestibular cochlear nerve is responsible for hearing and balance. So l lastly on number 10, we're looking for some sort of parasympathetic nervous system function. Yeah, so for this question, we can start with Vegas, one of the most important parasympathetic nervous system organs. We can also include the trigeminal which will have some function over, say, the ability to cry or other lubrication of the eye. We also have ocular motor because we mentioned the pupil contraction before, which is a parasympathetic function. And lastly, we have class of Fangio, which is responsible for salvation and other gland functions. So here the answer choices are C two. Yes. And kay, if you ever have a problem memorizing the parasympathetic kind of actions or functions, you have what we call your slides stands for salivation black formation, which is the production of tears, urination, defecation, which is excretion of feces and sweating. So the Vegas is responsible for sort of the heart functions. The parasympathetic trigeminal will be the lack formation. Ocular motor will control the pupils, and glass of Fangio is for salivation. So that should complete our answer choices for this matching question.

Thank you. Spinal cord is a part of central nervous system along with the brain and its function is to reflect so when we receive a stimulus that stimulus goes to the brain and the spinal cord and in return they show a reflects. So for spinal cord the correct answer is E make reflects connections by limb movement and internal organs active. Medulla oblong gotta is a part of brain stem and its main function is um to coordinate reflexes. So far medulla oblong gondola. We have we have so far medulla oblong gondola. We have D. Which is a regular um coordinate reflexes. HEPA thomas Main function is to regulate behavior and internal organs such as temperature and behaviors such as hunger. So that is B. Let me just write the big nice and clear. Be limping system is linked with emotions. So its main function is to govern emotions which is C. And for cerebral cortex. Yeah, the cerebral cortex receives sensory input and coordinate motor responses and that is option A. So we have a B. C. D. Yeah.

Here. We have a list of structures and we have to split them into mines, brain midbrain and forebrain. Okay, so let's have Ah, look, our list. We have be basal ganglia, so v basal ganglia are found in the forebrain. We have the cerebellum. This isn't being high. Bring several. Hippocampus is in the four brink. The hypothalamus is awesome for print. In the movie higher functions be Mattila, some behind free Mattila. It's too. It's very glands. This is again or brain Pituitary, once a ponds is in the hind sprain. A substantial Niagara. This is in the mid. Bring substantial. I'm a superior and inferior. Particularly superior from the metering. You lie. Detect. Um, take mentum and the foulness. What? Detect him and the tech mentum are in the mid brain. Yeah, on the thalamus is found in the forebrain. Okay, so we've split them up into where they could be found in the brain


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