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Carbonic anhydrase is found in high concentration in(a) Leucocytes(b) Blood plasma(c) Erythrocytes(d) Lymphocytes...

Question

Carbonic anhydrase is found in high concentration in(a) Leucocytes(b) Blood plasma(c) Erythrocytes(d) Lymphocytes

Carbonic anhydrase is found in high concentration in (a) Leucocytes (b) Blood plasma (c) Erythrocytes (d) Lymphocytes



Answers

What are red blood cells also known as?
a. lymphocytes
b. monocytes
c. erythrocytes
d. basophils

Welcome. In this video, we will be looking at Chapter 35. Problem 11. Chapter 35 is about respiratory systems on this question is asking us specifically about how co two product of cellular respiration travels in plasma. We have a couple options here. I'm just going to ride out a brief reminder of what each of those options are and then talk you through each option. So in the plasma where we're looking at, so our first option is in combination with hemoglobin. So hey, with hemoglobin about each of these in turn. But I'm just going to go ahead and start by writing them each out so that we have some organization here be. It's a carbon. It high on can see with carbonic and high Greece and options. The in the interest fischel fluid so key to understanding this question and being able to answer it correctly is understanding the vocabulary. So we're going to start with this vocabulary plasma. What is plasma? Plasma is a type of extra cellular fluid unique to the blood, and what extra cellular fluid basically indicates. Is this fluid outside of the cells? Remember, extra is outside and cellular indicates cells. So outside of the cells the fluid in the blood, which means it does not include things like red blood cells, white blood cells or any other components of the blood. It is thief fluid, largely water in the blood. So it's looking first at option A. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells, which means it is in the blood. Sure, but it is not in the plasma because it is inside of a cell, not in the extra cellular fluid. So already we can eliminate one answer. What is the bicarbonate ion, then the next option Bicarbonate ion is a product of a reaction that co two undergoes with water. And remember, the extra cellular fluid includes a lot of water. So what we have happening here when co two diffuses out of the tissues and into the plasma, it starts to react with the water. A large component of the plasma CO two combines with water. So we're going to write out the chemical reaction here to farm what's called carbonic acid. Then this carbonic acid further dissociates into two ions. The hydrogen ion and the bicarbonate ion. And so remember the bicarbonate ion, What we have here the CO two going through this chemical reaction, forming a bicarbonate ion in the plasma because it's combining with water. So this answer is good, moving on to our next answer carbonic and hydrates with carbonic and hydrates. So what that's asking is it doesn't combine with that. Carbonic and hydrates, however, is an enzyme we can tell by this little ace here. That's a good reminder of an enzyme, and since it's an enzyme, we know that it doesn't actually combine with CO two. But it's actually a tool used to speed up this reaction that we see happening in the plasma so technically carbonic and hydrates is in the plasma, but it never combines with CO. Two enzymes are unique in that they help reactions occur, but they could be reused over and over and over. They don't change. That answer is incorrect. And finally, our interstitial fluid interested shall fluid is another vocabulary term to define here, to be able to answer this question, and it is an extra cellular fluid in our tissues similar to the plasma. It's an extra cellular fluid, but it is not in the bloodstream. Plasma is the extra cellular fluid of the blood stream. Interstitial fluid is the extra cellular fluid in the tissues. Therefore, this answer is incorrect. So we only have one correct option. We've narrowed it down here, eliminating all the others, and we see that are correct. Answer is as the bicarbonate ion.

Welcome. In this video, we will be discussing Chapter 35 Problem 11. Chapter 35. It's about respiratory systems, and this problem is about CO two carbon dioxide in the plasma. How is carbon dioxide carried in the plasma? So what we have here is several options. I'll start by laying them all out. We'll discuss each option and decide on the best possible answer. First, we will define plasma to help us understand how to answer this question. Plasma is an extra cellular fluid in the blood. Remember that extra cellular extra means outside and cellular means of cells. Right? So extra cellular fluid means we fluid mostly water in the bloodstream outside of the cells. Meaning it does not include things like red blood cells, white blood cells or any other components of the blood. Our first option option A. Combined with him Aquaman. An option can be as the bicarbonate ion see combined with carbonic and hydrates, the as part of the interest Tuchel fluid. And we also have option E, which suggests that all of these might be correct, starting with the first one. Hemoglobin is a protein in red blood cells, and he would global combines with oxygen or with carbon dioxide as it moves those materials throughout the body. But the fact that this protein is in the red blood cells means it is not in the plasma. Plasma is outside of cells in the blood. Red blood cells are a type of cell in the blood. Therefore, this option is not correct. The bicarbonate ion. This requires understanding what happens when carbon dioxide combines with water. Remember, there's a lot of water in the extra cellular fluid of the plasma. So when carbon dioxide diffuses out of our tissues after cellular respiration and into the plasma, it combines with water large component of the plasma to farm carbonic acid, carbonic acid then dissociates or breaks down into hydrogen ion and a bicarbonate ion. So since this is happening in the plasma, a natural process converting carbon dioxide into the bicarbonate ion. That's our option here. This answer is good next option with carbonic and hydrates aqui. Here. Note that carbonic and hydrates ace is an enzyme, and enzymes are important tools to help speed up reactions. But enzymes do not change as a result of the reaction. They don't combine with any of the reactions or any of the products, and they could be reused over and over and over again. So while this is a part of this reaction, it never combines with carbon dioxide. Therefore, this option is incorrect. Interstitial fluid. Our next option is another type of extra cellular fluid fluid outside of the cells. But this extra cellular fluid is in our tissues, meaning everything. All of our organs and muscles, but not our bloodstream. The plasma is a unique extra cellular fluid to the blood. The interstitial fluid is the extra cellular fluid of all of our tissues. Therefore, they're not the same, even though they're similar. This answer is incorrect, which leads all of them. If we've eliminated these three, we know that all of them cannot be correct. And we have one best answer. The bicarbonate ion. This is how carbon dioxide travels in the plot

Mhm. Carbon dioxide is mostly carried. Belongs by what a Baluch oocytes be from their sites, see or refer sites D hemoglobin in the red blood cells or e in plasma as a bicarbonate ion. So most of the camp dioxide is found dissolved in the plasma. So answer is he We have been bicarbonate ion, and we have the carbonic acids. And these are a buffering system to maintain blood. PH the others. We have been Lucas sites which have the white blood cells to fight disease. A re throw sites are red blood cells and D is hemoglobin. So their job is to carry oxygen. And then we have beat brambles sites for blood blood clotting. So answer is E.

Hello, friends. In this video, we will discuss about how covered the oxide can be transported in the blood. So we all know that carbon dioxide is the major productive respiration. So let's see what happens. Didn't respiration first? So during respiration glucose, which is C six x 12 or six, combines with oxygen to get carbon dioxide, water and energy. Now this covered outside, it can be transported in the blood in different forms. So let's see different forms in which it can be transported in the back. Okay, so there are 8% off carbon dioxide, the walls and the black plasma, and it can be transported. Now there are 20% off carbon dioxide. It's transported in the former car amino. He moved moving. So let's see little bit in diddle about this. So in the shows, if you see the partial pressure off, carbon dioxide is high as covered Doxil is released during the metabolic processes on the partial, pressure of oxygen is low as it is consumed. Very respiration. So this leads to formation off car amino, he moved, moving, whereas in years of elderly instead of us, the partial pressure off carbon dioxide is low and partial pressure of oxygen ists high. So because of this, what happens? This cavern outside the associates from car, amino, hemoglobin and discover New York site can be released from the album on Diet Can Be. Then it can be released from the nostrils during exhalation Sorum, 20% off carbon dioxide transport in the former car. Amino hemoglobin in the black. Now let's see what happens to the remaining 72% off carbon dioxide. Okay, so major part of cover. Next on the list of 72% of covered outside, it was transported in the form off by carbon in lines. The Richard says on this formation off carbonic acid. So let's see this process in detail first. So 72% carbon dioxide it because it isn't it says here. It combines with water molecules so carbon dioxide combines with water molecules in the presence off an enzyme. Because list carbonic and hide, raise carbonic and hide raise Okay and then it forms. Carbonic acid would just edge to see 03 Now this company guess it associates before edge place and buy carbon it lines. So this forward reaction takes place in the issues that the partial pressure of carbon dioxide is high. Okay, so in the tissues carbon dioxide combines with water in the presence of carbonic and hydrate form carbonic acid. This carbonic as it further associates perform each person hydrogen ca before each pleasant bicarbonate ions. Okay, so the same enzyme is used again. So carbonic and hide reasons I misused again. Now, in case off lungs, what happens is the partial pressure off carbon dioxide is less so that Ramo's reaction takes place. The same enzyme is important, but the reaction is reversed. So in this case, what happens is explosive signs on the bicarbonate dies. The united forget to perform the carbonic acid on this carbonic acid it forms of carbon dioxide on discovered The upside can be given out from the alveoli and it can pass through the nostrils and can be exiled from the body. Okay, so remember that most carbon dioxide in the body it combines with water in the river access to form carbonic acid, hoping the skill. Thank you


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