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(a) Explain Zeeman effect and Stark effect.(b) How are they related to magnetic quantum number? Explain...

Question

(a) Explain Zeeman effect and Stark effect.(b) How are they related to magnetic quantum number? Explain

(a) Explain Zeeman effect and Stark effect. (b) How are they related to magnetic quantum number? Explain



Answers

Describe the photoelectric effect. How did experimental observations of this phenomenon differ from the predictions of classical electromagnetic theory?

S o explain the basic principles of cycle child functions. So a cyclotron basically come use for transmutation processes So you can have tio different particles in a cycle which, on coming together to form another element and what basically happens is so in I cyclotron on alternating voltage. Pretty supplied between two semi semi sickle house, it is is used to us. Hillary's a charged particle. So what then happens says the child particle, which is originally in the middle ofthe the two semi cycles. Don't they say these are the charged particles is a celebrated back and forth between them and the Lana additional magnets a dish now magnets they have maybe like a silly cities on like that additional magnet cause the particle to move. So these particles that was young moving back up for it causes them to move in this pure old path. And as the church particle spirit goes out from the center says that's moving from the center again, speak and eventually is it as this is it's the cyclotron in at a target. So there is a target. There was either, is it? This is your target. So our secures moving back and forth. You increase the magnetic strength, and then the stars parallel until it actually moves out of the spirit and the naked to the target. So yeah. So if you have whatever you want to transmit Tate being the target yet and you have it charged particles yet hit it. And then you form on any enemies MBAs. Scientists have actually use this equipment. Now the cyclotron two from new synthetic elements, which are actually not so much purity. Um, table.

So now we'll work on problem 12 from Chapter five. In this problem, we're asked to talk about how I'm saying Utilized planks concept to explain what he observed is the photoelectric effect. So in terms of the photoelectric effect, Einstein proposed what was going on there. Ah, by saying that the light that was striking I had It's that late. So you proposed that light had some particle like properties. So people knew about the wave. Light traveled in a wave. But he proposed that there was a particle like properties, for instance, that each particle of light carried a specific about energy. And so he used a planks Quantum concept by using that's constant of plank had developed to calculate the energy of these light particles known as photo.

Now work on problem Haiti from Chapter five. This problem. We're asked to discuss the differences between a a quantum into photons, so ah, quantum, we can go ahead and define is a is a quantity of energy. So it's the least smallest amount of energy which can be gained. We're lost by a single Adam. That is how we define quantum. So now the different question is why? How was a photo on different? What is a proton? So a quantum is an amount of energy, but a photons is actually a link particle, which has an associate id energy. And sometimes we could say that there is a quantum of energy contained in a photonic if it's of appropriate energy. So in the cases where that's the case, the quantum is the amount of energy in the photon is the actual light which possesses the energy

So this question wants a description off the photo electric effect and how its observations differ from classical electromagnetic theory. And so the photo electric effect is that eyes the observation that many medals will emit an electron. So if we have a medal right here and we shine a light on it, we will have an electron gets admitted or multiple electrons when we shine light on this medal. Now, classical electromagnetic theory says that this effect was the transfer of energy from the light to the electrons in the metal, causing them to dislodge, and therefore the intensity of the light should affect the electrons that are dislodged or reflected. However, in the experiment there was a threshold frequency below which no electrons were admitted and above which electrons are emitted. And so even at low frequencies, the metal would not eject any electrons, no matter the intensity of the light and at a high frequency, they would eject electrons even at a very low intensity


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