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The carbon atom in a carbon-centered molecule is sp-hybridized: According to valence bond theory; how many unhybridized 2p orbitals remain? Enter your answer as a w...

Question

The carbon atom in a carbon-centered molecule is sp-hybridized: According to valence bond theory; how many unhybridized 2p orbitals remain? Enter your answer as a whole number:

The carbon atom in a carbon-centered molecule is sp-hybridized: According to valence bond theory; how many unhybridized 2p orbitals remain? Enter your answer as a whole number:



Answers

The valence electron configurations of several atoms are shown below. How many bonds can each atom make without hybridization?
a. Be 2s2
b. P 3s23p3
c. F 2s22p5

In this question, we will be determining in lumber off calm bones. That's our in the clean. A double one system for this company. Hey, it's a low looking at this compound. We see that we have seed of abundance. See this? This is the double bond in system. And now let's luxury too many number up carbons in this plena double bonded system. Okay, so here you can see let's just start off by coloring the as between carbons in the double bond. Harry home. This problem, Um, this cup. Okay. So anyhow, how to has to problems. So those are the green dots on. Also, every look at the blue, the home, this carbon, this one, Um, this government also, I also have three. That's me to a problem. These are adults. This will be in the, you know, insistent. Okay, so the other at some Indian stop of on system that will be the hydrogen touched. OK, But seeing that we're only going to be looking at carbons or we won't bad. So we just look at the Collins. So therefore we have the to these two carbons indicated by green dots in this cleaner double bond system also be held. These three carbons represented by the Luda. So in total, they, uh, fine carbons in they Lino double bond system for this company.

We are being the all right from the number elements. No. Um, yeah, that's important. Nation the I was unfilled or not. No, close that And key. There's of course, carbon for bond us to no. You ready on to? I'm bonded electrons cause you form hyper orbital s orbital's either SP two or SP three. Um, that allows you to form up to four bombs, so we're not doing any of that here, So we're only gonna be focusing on the number of unfilled p orbital centered present, So it started early. So what this tells us is that if the Valence Electron configuration is to us, too in beryllium valence show, we only have to valence electrons and they're paired like this. So if we think back to elements like helium or whatever it is burly, um only has to valence electrons, and they are paired together because they're both sitting in one s or in the two s orbital on DSO. What that means is because they're both paired, there is no other room for other electrons to go unless you push into the P orbital or whatever it is or you hybridize or you do something else so brilliant in this current state, when it has two electrons food like this, you can actually form zero bonds. There's no other place for extra electrons to go on. Do you know if it confuses you that I have gone straight from to us to toe have two electrons here? You want to start thinking about the fact that when we built those those valence fellas electron diagrams, we start with oneness to the oneness orbital. Then we start with the two s and then we have the 32 p. Orbital's like this. So the fact that the one s has not indicated means that those are assumed to be filled And then we have two electrons in the two s orbital. So because we have nothing in the P, we have no place where extra electrons can bond or pair with other on bonded valence electrons. So we have zero bonds that are formed without hybridization what we want to prospers. So now, phosphorus, you know it. The fact that we're in our third and principal quantum level, we basically assumed that everything below this is filled. So in this particular case, we count the number of electrons that are listed here because these represent all bells on it turns and we see that there are five. And if you remember, a total of eat means that you're valence. Shell is filled, so that means that so if you have five electrons, you can form three bonds to get to eight. And that should make sense a couple of ways. If we draw the just the three s bounce electrons with this kind of configuration together three s and then the three p we see that we have to hear. And then 123 member based on Han drool reflux one in each. So the elections would like to occupy separate orbital's first before paring up in order to reduce republicans of negative charges. So we have these three empty slots right here where other electrons can goes to form up to three bones were not hybridized. Now, finally, we apply the similar logic to flooring and we see that we have the full. The two sl orbital is full, but the to P we have five the to P orbital skin form up to six and former have up to six electrons. We know that because we need to get eight, so the two plus six would get us it. So in that case, we have two plus 77 electrons to play 57 electrons. So we conform one bond to get to eat. And once again, I'll draw the configuration just of the two s that started the two level. So we have the two s and then the 32 p orbital's. So you know the two s has felt and then we have 12345 So we have one slot here where an extra electron can going. That should make sense because we usually form just one bond for halogen is to complete the normal gas configuration because they're right next to the noble gases. So there's a few different ways you can think about this either if you know about the element themselves or if you know about how bounce electron configurations are set up in order to get to eight electrons by having six in your therapy orbital, there's a few different ways you can get the right answer. But forming this logic of trying to get it is usually the safest because it gives you a big, big picture of you. But I hope that makes sense. Thank you.

The electronic configuration for wash for us. Is that off me on? And plea s too Klay the to be. And there don't Some for is the s two three be full Because we have been asked the question that work will be the now in the ground state. As for the violins bone, Terry, this will fall three bombs. This will make three bombs because there are three partial doctors mirrors this will make to bonds because there are only two partially filled or, in this case

Here we are taking a look at the bonding types of different elements. And so the bonding properties is generally driven by the valence electron cal. So for example, with brilliant valence electron counters to S. Two, so therefore the number of bonds and atom conform is equal to the number of half filled orbital's. So brilliant has no half middle, but also therefore it cannot fill any bonds formed. No bonds. Next year we have is phosphorus, so three S 23 P three. So phosphorus has three filled orbital, so it can form three bonds because we have three half filled orbital's. Next we have florentine, which is two S 22 P five. So florian has one half filled orbital's, we can form one band. Mhm. Yeah.


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