5

For each type of cellular component, indicate its functions with the appropriate letter(s).FunctionsFunctionsNucleusSmooth ERRough ER: Lysosome ChloroplastGolgr App...

Question

For each type of cellular component, indicate its functions with the appropriate letter(s).FunctionsFunctionsNucleusSmooth ERRough ER: Lysosome ChloroplastGolgr Apparatus MitochondrionPeroxisomeRibosome Plasma membranePlant vacuoleCell wallFunctionsSite of calcium sequestration (plasmids) Site hydrolysis macromolecules stored,Contain circular DNA chromosomesSite where ions other solutes areas well as toxic substances and pigments K Site aerobic respirationSite where proteins aro synthesized and

For each type of cellular component, indicate its functions with the appropriate letter(s). Functions Functions Nucleus Smooth ER Rough ER: Lysosome Chloroplast Golgr Apparatus Mitochondrion Peroxisome Ribosome Plasma membrane Plant vacuole Cell wall Functions Site of calcium sequestration (plasmids) Site hydrolysis macromolecules stored, Contain circular DNA chromosomes Site where ions other solutes are as well as toxic substances and pigments K Site aerobic respiration Site where proteins aro synthesized and packaged in vesicles Ior transport Site ol Iipid processing replicated Site of ribosome assembly Site of protein processing (glycosylation) Macromolecular "machines that make proteins Controls tratfic substances into and out protects cell; the cell, matrix for hormone receptors, onzymos types Sito where genetic material is site of photosynthesis Site where ethanol and HzOz detoxified by oxidation reactions Helps cell maintain its shape, allows turgor t0 occur some coll Ethylene glycol, found antifreeze poisonous consumed by mammals When cat Or dog accidentally consumes some of this substance, an enzyme converts the relatively harmless molecule into toxin; and they will die within hours, unless they receive an intravenous supply of common chemical; used recroationally by humans_ How do you think Ihis chemical is working (Ihink about enzyme inhibition), and what chemical do you think is? use diagram to Illustrale your answer; Ond draw Ihe formula of the antidote molecule



Answers

By now you should be familiar with the following cellular components. Briefly define what they are and what function they provide for cells. A. cytosol B. cytoplasm C. mitochondria D. nucleus E. chloroplasts F. lysosomes G. chromosomes H. Golgi apparatus I. peroxisomes J. plasma membrane K. endoplasmic reticulum L. cytoskeleton

Okay problem for as this, Which of the following is not membrane receptor eso? Let's go through each one individually. First, we'll start with channel linked, and I like to call these rather ion channels because ions cannot easily flow through the through the plasma membrane through the phosphor lipids. So there needs to be away for the ion exchange to occur in and out of the cell. So these ion channels normally take sodium or potassium and pump it in or out of the cell toe. Contain home eo static, solid concentration. And so, since this type of receptor is in the plasma membrane, it can't be applicable towards our response and going on down to enzymatic proteins. Enzymes do not usually flow into the cell. What happens is there is an enzyme in this external environment that bonds to the active site of the receptor, and then that triggers another and somatic reaction to occur within the cell again. There's no, um, there's no exchange. Nothing is happening. It's not coming through the plasma membrane and into the cell and triggering a reaction there. That is not happening. So we know that the answer is not enzymatic. G protein linked now G protein linked. Um, receptors are a little more complicated because what happens is there's an external stimuli that then triggers this, um, membrane receptor, which then sends a signal to the G protein toe where the G protein then acts and creates whatever product is desired. And these, uh, linked to the G proteins again. It comes through the plasma membrane. This right here is all one receptor. There's no transfer going straight through the plasma membrane, so we know that this is not our right answer. So then going down to D now a steroid reaction normally occurs when you have your steroid source on the outside of the cell. And what happens is that steroid comes into the cell and then continues on into the nucleus, where it then interacts with the crow Mattan to trigger the production of mRNA. And since this reaction is occurring within the cell within the nucleus and not within the plasma membrane, we know that D is are correct. Answer. So the only answer for a problem for is D

So let's review the components of a cell. Now this is an animal cell and so one of the components were missing. Hopefully you can um recall is the chloroplast and the chloroplast is what um where photosynthesis takes place in a plant cell. And so you have the light portion, light dependent portion of the photosynthesis and then the Calvin cycle and so it creates energy um for the plant creates glucose food for the plant to use and so that's not going to be in this particular image and the other organ l that's not going to be in this particular image. Um is the cell wall, which I don't think this question actually even asks you about. So no biggie. Um So let's start kinda going through a couple of things. Now one thing that's kind of confusing is the cytoplasm versus the site of saul. And so what the cytoplasm is is it's basically everything inside the cell that's not the nucleus. So the site of saul is the fluid that makes up the cytoplasm. But the cytoplasm includes the fluid, the organelles and any other things that are happening inside that cell membrane. And it's the cytoplasm is often where the many chemical reactions take place. And um the nature of the cytoplasm allows those organelles to be suspended within the cell so they don't just like sink down to the bottom. Um So let's just kind of like check things off as we go. And so um we'll just go ahead and start with the mitochondria. The mitochondria is the powerhouse of the cell. It's where cellular respiration takes place between the uh inner membranes. And it is a structure that uses glucose to generate cellular respiration, creating A. T. P. Which is energy um for the cell to use. And then we have the nucleus which is home to the um chromosomes chroma tin. The genetic material that has the blueprints for what this cell is going to do. Is this cell making muscle proteins. Um Is this cell making um support structures? Is this cell making hormones is a cell making mucus. It has the instructions for what to build and how and when to stop. Um And then the nucleus is of course surrounded by a nuclear membrane. Inside the nucleus Is the nuclear analysts. In addition to the chromosomes on the DNA. I guess you can mark that office. We already talked about that. The nuclear Olis makes ribosomes and you'll see ribosomes here on the rough and a plastic particular. Um um But there's also free ribosomes. And what the ribosomes do is they take R. N. A. That is synthesized from the DNA. And it turns it into proteins. Um And that process occurs and then they are transported where they need to go by the rough and no plas Mick particular. Um It allows those chemical reactions to kind of take place. And then the rough and no plasma particular um is going to send those proteins to the Golgi apparatus or the Golgi body and the Golgi body is like the shipping, the packaging, packaging and transport and it's going to make sure that um those proteins are set up and ready to be delivered where they need to go. Now many of these different processes um require certain kinds of reaction and the paroxysms are an organ l that will help with those chemical reactions. The paroxysm is involved in metabolism and signaling for when different things should happen. And so with all these different metabolic processes sometimes you will not sometimes all the time you are going to have um waste products or you're going to have parts of your cell that wear out that don't work. And so the license soem is like kind of the trash recycling center. It is going to um and gulf broken or um discarded pieces or waste products and it's going to kind of break those down so that they don't hurt the cell. The plasma membrane um which on this picture is here, it surrounds the entire cell. And so the plasma membrane is what keeps other stuff out of the cell but also allows what can enter and what can exit. And so certain molecules are able to easily pass through that plasma membrane like oxygen where other things like sugar actually have to be welcomed in through different structures in the plasma membrane. Um and then there are other things outside the cell of the plasma membrane will help protect the cell from. So with that the only thing we haven't really talked about is the Sido skeleton, which this particular image doesn't actually say Sido skeleton, but it's talking about the micro tubules and the micro filaments and so those both of those are part of the cider skeleton and it helps the cell to maintain its shape. And so, depending on what the cells function is, it may be constructed slightly differently depending on how the cell and the cells around it are arranged. Hope that helps.

Question 88 gives us some information about Tellem arrays, and what we need to answer is how our tell armories and cancer leans. There's quite a bit of information given about till on race, but the important things to know our what are, tell avers tell him, er is a group of six nucleotides they're found at. There's a number of him at the ends of the DNA strand. The number of these til mors, limits the number of times DNA could replicate, and therefore it can limit so reproduction. Till armories is an enzyme that makes Tell Immers it synthesizes them. We also know that they're found in 85% of tumor cells. Well, tumor is an omer over growth of cells. And because a tele murder limits so reproduction well, the number of tell mers limits the number of so the number of times itself to replicate. So the more Telemar's you have more tele mers. The more cells, basically they're much more likely to reproduce. So the more Tellem raise the more til mors you have, the more cell growth there is, which would explain why telomerase is found in most tumor cells. Tumor cells as I said earlier, are an overgrowth of cells and too much telomerase. Therefore, too much to alarm. Race would allow cancer cells to proliferate because the goal and fighting cancer is to keep those cancer cells for proliferating. You have too much Salama race. The cancer cells keep girling. So that's how telomerase in cancer linked. One way to use this information to treat cancer is, too. Maybe find out a way to inhibit. Tell Emery's maybe make compound or something. So based on this information, theoretically we could treat cancer released help by inhibiting it's a long race.

Here wants us to explain how the short introduction, the introduction rather of short segments of Arnie containing that three prime untranslated region site sequences rather might remove that inhibition. So we know that the three prime untranslated region rather is essentially going Teoh function to basically improve in em, um, stability here. And also in this particular face, it can trump turn on the translation of enzyme. So by essentially allowing for the end times to be turned on in this particular case, I'm the three prime untranslated region here can help remove that inhibition. Did it the fact that it could promote DNA assimilation rather than methylation?


Similar Solved Questions

5 answers
2 2 7 3 3 2 2 L K #in 1 6 1 31 1 1
2 2 7 3 3 2 2 L K #in 1 6 1 31 1 1...
1 answers
Find the Fourier transform of:16) = | ysn(e)e ~8lul du Your answer should be expressed as function of w using the correct syntax
Find the Fourier transform of: 16) = | ysn(e)e ~8lul du Your answer should be expressed as function of w using the correct syntax...
5 answers
Mr: Kelly wants t0 create a rectangular feedlng pen for hls plgs, but only has 50 meters of fenclng: He decldes to use the slde of hls house as one slde of the pen.a. Draw a picture of thls scenarlo and label the sides Use x as the side of the pen that Is perpendicular to hls house:b. Write an equation for the area A of the pen in terms of x:CWhat is the domain of the function A (determined by the physical restrictions)?
Mr: Kelly wants t0 create a rectangular feedlng pen for hls plgs, but only has 50 meters of fenclng: He decldes to use the slde of hls house as one slde of the pen. a. Draw a picture of thls scenarlo and label the sides Use x as the side of the pen that Is perpendicular to hls house: b. Write an e...
2 answers
Let X be a random variable which follows the exponential distribution with parameter Find the distribution function of Y where Y X-2. Verify your answer by the help of the following property of the distribution function:fy(y)dy = 1.
Let X be a random variable which follows the exponential distribution with parameter Find the distribution function of Y where Y X-2. Verify your answer by the help of the following property of the distribution function: fy(y)dy = 1....
5 answers
(1 point) An insurance company knows that in the entire population of millions of homeowners, the mean annual loss from fire is U = S450 and the standard deviation of the loss is 0 = S2700. The distribution of losses is strongly right skewed: most policies have $O loss, but a few have large losses_ If the company sells 10,000 policies_ what is the probability that it can safely base its rates on the assumption that its average loss will be no greater than $465?
(1 point) An insurance company knows that in the entire population of millions of homeowners, the mean annual loss from fire is U = S450 and the standard deviation of the loss is 0 = S2700. The distribution of losses is strongly right skewed: most policies have $O loss, but a few have large losses_ ...
5 answers
VabCigank duta Jet _ 45e_ 7 GelcCempaund X (CH = 0tx7 388t aots 4 3 arrR 5734 RZZZS ARCQn(Cata)vndb ha Fakr organk Biodud & tha olen11 CH_CooorTHO KOWelekera, Lpon meacton WEh O-O ed nqucon NaHSo ncudyadauroeoadIhave #e tunct *AH dlhydrogenalon (n katmd} 48.8 40} 288 Tch aeradehoune natteiwt: 09otatadn Vkh aik0n0 ghculd ta )OooGooo 00 0oo10423Rino
Vab Cigank duta Jet _ 45e_ 7 Gelc Cempaund X (CH = 0tx7 388t aots 4 3 arrR 5734 RZZZS ARC Qn (Cata) vndb ha Fakr organk Biodud & tha olen 11 CH_Cooor THO KO Welekera, Lpon meacton WEh O-O ed nqucon NaHSo ncudyad auroeoad Ihave #e tunct *AH dlhydrogenalon (n katmd} 48.8 40} 288 Tch aeradehoune na...
5 answers
1) Choose True Or False: You do NOT need to justify Two contours 0f the functlon f(X, Y) cannot ever cross Tnue FalseTnue 0r False: If all of the contours of function f(X, Y) are parallel lines; then the function must be Ilnear: Tnue B) FalseTrue or False? The level curves of a function ((X, Y) are snown below. Assume that tne scales along the > and axes are the sameKu<f Inue False
1) Choose True Or False: You do NOT need to justify Two contours 0f the functlon f(X, Y) cannot ever cross Tnue False Tnue 0r False: If all of the contours of function f(X, Y) are parallel lines; then the function must be Ilnear: Tnue B) False True or False? The level curves of a function ((X, Y)...
5 answers
Wich compound has the hlghest meltng polnt?cointsMuluple ChokeRalerencerCHa(chzhacoOHCH3iCHzoCH-CHiCHzlzcoohCHJichzzCH-CHCHzICH-CHICHzlacoohCHJiCHzzCH-CHiCHz2CH-CHiCHzzCh-CHicHzzcooh
Wich compound has the hlghest meltng polnt? coints Muluple Choke Ralerencer CHa(chzhacoOH CH3iCHzoCH-CHiCHzlzcooh CHJichzzCH-CHCHzICH-CHICHzlacooh CHJiCHzzCH-CHiCHz2CH-CHiCHzzCh-CHicHzzcooh...
5 answers
Tall pea plants (T) are dominant to small pea plants (t). Which example below is representative of a heterozyote for this trait?TtTtTtTT
Tall pea plants (T) are dominant to small pea plants (t). Which example below is representative of a heterozyote for this trait? Tt TtTt TT...
5 answers
Base your answers the following questions on the OH incomplete scheme L1 reagents are needed to complete step 1?this The obdicatadOhy Dhydogeings 0f ardedo Idedowoids are particularly # Propose . an explanation forWhat reagents are needed complete step 6What is the oxidation 1 of the carbonyl carbon 32 Show your work:
Base your answers the following questions on the OH incomplete scheme L 1 reagents are needed to complete step 1? this The obdicatadOhy Dhydogeings 0f ardedo Idedowoids are particularly # Propose . an explanation for What reagents are needed complete step 6 What is the oxidation 1 of the carbonyl ca...
5 answers
Question 20 (1 point) 4i ListenA negatively-charged particle enters magnetic field as shown in this image. What will be the direction of the magnetic force that will act on this particle?Into the = pageDown (Towards the bottom of this screen)Up (Towards the top of this screen)Out of the page
Question 20 (1 point) 4i Listen A negatively-charged particle enters magnetic field as shown in this image. What will be the direction of the magnetic force that will act on this particle? Into the = page Down (Towards the bottom of this screen) Up (Towards the top of this screen) Out of the page...
5 answers
1/16QUESTIONOINTWhich of the following equivalent t0 for all values of 0 for which Tc-0 Ecldefined?Select the correct answer below:sin? 0GIIMnFEEDBACKulleibutionDuestioNPOINTGiven that 0 < 6 2x,which of the following gives all solutions 2sin? p 9sin / =equationSelect the correct answer below:
1/16 QUESTION OINT Which of the following equivalent t0 for all values of 0 for which Tc-0 Ecl defined? Select the correct answer below: sin? 0 GIIMn FEEDBACK ulleibution DuestioN POINT Given that 0 < 6 2x,which of the following gives all solutions 2sin? p 9sin / = equation Select the correct ans...
5 answers
2. 2 n=[ nV logn
2. 2 n=[ nV logn...
5 answers
Let y f (z) be the particular solution the differential equation 4 y? with the initial condition f (1)Which of the following gives an expression for f (z) and its domain?f (r) = 24! forz +0f() = %4 forz > 0f (z) = 2= for I + 2f (z) = z z forI < 2
Let y f (z) be the particular solution the differential equation 4 y? with the initial condition f (1) Which of the following gives an expression for f (z) and its domain? f (r) = 24! forz +0 f() = %4 forz > 0 f (z) = 2= for I + 2 f (z) = z z forI < 2...

-- 0.017779--