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5.(2 pt) Part A_ Draw any molecule that includes least can undergo dipole-dipole one covalent bond between two atoms that attractions with another identical molecul...

Question

5.(2 pt) Part A_ Draw any molecule that includes least can undergo dipole-dipole one covalent bond between two atoms that attractions with another identical molecule, and draw specific intermolecular force. piclure of that

5.(2 pt) Part A_ Draw any molecule that includes least can undergo dipole-dipole one covalent bond between two atoms that attractions with another identical molecule, and draw specific intermolecular force. piclure of that



Answers

Which is stronger, a dipole–dipole attraction between two molecules or a covalent bond between two atoms within the same molecule? Explain.

So here in this question is asking us what is stronger the disciple disciple interaction or a covertly bonded molecule off the two atoms bonded together or multiple atoms bonding together. So to answer this question, I chose HCL, which has a single bond tune H two A, c l and A. And it hurt. This molecule has diapers, diaper interactions, As this h right, I'm a h on both has less has more of a positive charge as the C L minus has a large negative charge because it pulls the charge toward this way in each case. So this h has a die full interaction with this c l and so that this is Ah, this bond right here is can be strong. But it's also not the strongest when you're comparing it to a covertly bonded molecule. The bond there speaking of is this bond right here the bond of the actual molecule, the the atoms Together, this is an intra molecular force intra and then die. Poll is called inter molecular inter. It is like between molecules between molecules and intra is between the atoms between the atoms. Eso it is much if use water for an example, each 20 Oh, that's eight. Got to, um, it is much more difficult to actually break the bonds of this O to H than it is to have the bonds that air in between the molecules in the hydrogen bonding. So the intra molecular for are much stronger than intermarket air forces.

For a which type of inter molecular attractive force operates between all molecules. So London dispersion forces. Yeah. Yeah operate between all molecules. Yeah. For B. Which inter molecular force operates only between polar molecules. The diet cold I pull force okay operates yeah. Only between polar molecules. Yeah. Mhm. For C. Which inter molecular force operates between the hydrogen atom of a polar bond and a nearby small electro negative adam. So the hydrogen bond yeah, operates between the hydrogen atom. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Mhm. Of the polar bond. Yeah. And a nearby mhm. Small electro negative adam. Yeah. Yeah. Yeah. Mhm. Only Mhm. If the hydrogen yeah. Okay adam is bonded with nitrogen oxygen or flurry otherwise. Yeah. This is a dipole dipole force. Yeah.

So to start this question, let's first go back to our definitions of intro versus in turn, molecular forces. So an intra molecular force is gonna be an attractive force that holds Adams together within a molecule. Some examples of an intra molecular force would be a co Vaillant bond or an Ionic bond. The's bonds are very strong in comparison to inter molecular forces, which are weaker in terms. Molecular forces are attractive forces that are found in between molecules. Some examples of these are I and I people interactions London dispersion forces. Or is we'll talk about later. In this question, hydrogen bonds, which are a type of dye, pulled. I pulled interaction. Now, moving on, just talking specifically about water in a water molecule, we have to hide regions in an oxygen. Now, if we look closely the bond that is connecting our hydrogen toe our oxygen within each individual water molecule, it's gonna be our intra molecular bond. Specifically, it is a polar co Vaillant baht. But if we look at the force that's holding together the water molecules, so one water molecule here to this one over here, it's gonna be an inter molecular force more specifically a hydrogen bond. So when answering this question to sum it up, we can say that the forces within a water molecule connecting our hydrogen to our oxygen argument intra molecular force, whereas the forces that are connecting our water molecules together, for instance, and Ice Cube are gonna be inter molecular forces.

Nitrogen, oxygen and flooring can participate in hydrogen bonds. The reason the small size of hydrogen is important is because it allows the two atoms to get closer together. Um, before you start getting repulsion, cause hydra is so small. For example, if you have a nitrogen here, it can get pretty close to a hydrogen atom, unlike another nitrogen, which might look like this. So by allowing to get closer, you can get some different interactions happening, which strengthens the dye political force.


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