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Order the following with increasing level of complex structure_Rank the options below:NucleosomesChromosomesDNAChromatin...

Question

Order the following with increasing level of complex structure_Rank the options below:NucleosomesChromosomesDNAChromatin

Order the following with increasing level of complex structure_ Rank the options below: Nucleosomes Chromosomes DNA Chromatin



Answers

Place the following structures in order from least to most complex organization: chromatin, nucleosome, DNA, chromosome a. DNA, nucleosome, chromatin, chromosome b. nucleosome, DNA, chromosome, chromatin C. DNA, chromatin, nucleosome, chromosome d. nucleosome, chromatin, DNA, chromosome

What kinds of DNA structures and for eventually make up a chromosome. So there is many different types of structure that they could form. Loops. Baker for bands thankful, Sullen Lloyds. These are all potential shapes, but the nuclear ISMs are wound into.

So to answer this question, we need to understand what each component is, and then we're able to arrange them from smallest to largest. So what I'm gonna do, actually is go ahead and just give the very first part. And so the first one that's gonna be the smallest out of all of these different components is gonna be the nitrogenous base. Yeah. Yeah. So this nitrogenous base is going Teoh be able to be part of the nucleotide. So I'm gonna write that in here. Now, let's explain exactly what a nuclear type ISS So a nuclear tide is what makes up DNA and RNA, and this is made up of a sugar backbone with a Neutrogena space and a phosphate group. So smallest is gonna be nitrogenous base, which makes up nucleotides. Next, I'm gonna do the zigzag pattern because I think it's fun. So next is going to be a code on a code on is going to be three consecutive nucleotides and thes code ons are going thio quote unquote code for particular amino acids. And this can also thes amino acids can be sequenced, or rather not amino acids. The code on could be sequenced as well to help stop translation. So that's the purpose of the coat on. Now. Coat on is then going to help be part of the makeup of jeans and then jeans air able to code for RNA and protein genes are then going to make up chromosomes. Who and chromosomes we know is going to be DNA wrapped around protein. And these can be condensed and they're controlled with particular proteins as well. Now chromosomes are going to be housed within the nucleus. Trump's so the nucleus is where transcription of genetic material also occurs. And then, of course, we know the nucleus is is going to be within the cell, so the cell is going to be the biggest part of.

Okay. This question involves DNA structure and cell structure. First, let's see what we need in order to produce DNA. The first ingredient to produce DNA. Yes. And it really knows beast. That second ingredient, if a pinto's sugar And the 3rd ingredient is a phosphate. A 4th Street Group. Okay, so in nitrogenous bases we can have in DNA. For DNA have maddening timing, cytosine or wanting talking about the pinto sugar. We have the oxy goebbels and well, first group is up forestry group. So these are the natural news basis at the same time in cytosine and guanine. In order to produce a nucleotide fist, we have to put together and it really knows base plus the oxy great balls. When we do this, we form something called nuclear site. Okay. Not nucleotide, but nuclear site for example, in case of attaining, if we put together and adding and the tables Peto sugar, we're going to produce adenosine. Okay. And finally, if we put together a nuclear site with a phosphate group, we're going to produce a nuclear type. Okay. For example, in case of a do nothing again, nothing is a nuclear side. It will put uh anything with one. For field group we're going to produce and then nothing mono phosphate A. Mp. If we add another four straight, we're going to produce A D. P. And they're not seeing the phosphate. And if we add another 3rd 4th 5th group, we're going to produce AD. P. They're not seeing 3 4 straight. Okay, so and that's where nucleotides are. So when you have uh D. N. A. Eastern A double standard DNA. What you actually have is this, for example, A T T T C G C A D. And so on. And the same here, B. D. D, A G C. And so on. Particularly all these lines are made of are made of nucleotides. Okay. And those nucleotides have a nitrogenous base. And particularly when we can represent that nuclear ties with simple letters that represent that naturally does basis. Okay, let's suppose we have the following DNA sequence A D D C G A B for example. Remember that a hardening always much is timing and that sort of thing always matches wanting. So the complementary stand will be here, T T, A G C T and A When you arrange these nucleotides in triplets, it means in groups of three. For example, here here these trip it's are called Collins. Okay, for example, here you have another triplet and here you have another triplet. Okay, those are called columns. Let's now have another DNA stand. Okay, this is And understand this is the other extent. Yes, I already told you DNA is made of nucleotides. It means a DNA molecule is a polymer of nucleotides. So here you are going to have many nucleotides. And here you are going to have many negatives too. And there are some sequences or segments of the DNA that have the ability to produce to produce what uh mm are in E. Okay, those segments that are able to produce M. R. N. A. R. Called jeans. Okay. And the sequences no, that don't have the ability to produce a M. RNA. They are not called jeans. Okay. Only those that have the ability to produce a marinade are called jeans. Now D. N. A. Is a very very very very long molecules. So if this is our cell and this is our nucleus, remember that the nucleus and organelles of the cell and it contains our genetic material. Okay, so as it is very long, it can't fit inside the nucleus because it's very long. So what ourselves do is that they arrange this over DNA. As chromosomes, for example, look carefully at the structure of this DNA and now imagine arranging it in this way in this way giving the shape of the chromosome. Okay, so this is how D. N. A. A. Granges into chromosomes. Okay. Remember that chromosome has this shape. Okay. And as this shape is less is less is smaller than all of these DNA. Then it can fit inside that nucleus. Okay, we have that, as I told you that the N. A. Is very long. So we're going to need many chromosomes. We're going to need exactly 46 chromosomes. Okay, so all ourselves except the myths. The mets have 46 chromosomes and all our chromosomes represent over genome. Why? Because all our chromosomes have jeans. And those genes have the information for all the traits we have. For example, they have the gene for my for my for the eyes of my eyes for the color of my eyes for the size of my mouth. For the for my hair color in and all of that. Okay. And as I mentioned that chromosomes are within the nucleus and the douglases within the cells. So according to all of this, the the order the order from the smallest to largest is as follows. First we have the nitrogenous base, then we have a nucleotide. Then we have then we have jean, then we have chromosome. Then we have genome. Would you know, then we have a nucleus and finally we have fellow.

So we want to be able to answer the question, What is the basic structural unit of DNA packaging and you carry outs? So I'm going to write out the sentence and then fill in the blank. So the basic structural unit of DNA packaging and you carry outs, is nucleus OEM.


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