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97 76ct functicmzl group fcund] in ~rboslic acid?~OHOHOHCHz-OHQuestion 2The ester functional group is composed of two different functional groupsi The groups are th...

Question

97 76ct functicmzl group fcund] in ~rboslic acid?~OHOHOHCHz-OHQuestion 2The ester functional group is composed of two different functional groupsi The groups are theAcid & AmineAcid & HalideAldehyde € AlcoholAldehyde . EtherAldehyde € Alkene

97 76ct functicmzl group fcund] in ~rboslic acid? ~OH OH OH CHz-OH Question 2 The ester functional group is composed of two different functional groupsi The groups are the Acid & Amine Acid & Halide Aldehyde € Alcohol Aldehyde . Ether Aldehyde € Alkene



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Classify each of the following as an alcohol, amine, amide, ketone, aldehyde, ester, carboxylic acid, or ether. Identify the functional group in each. a. HCOOH b. $\mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{CH}_{2} \mathrm{COOCH}_{3}$ c. $\mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{CH}_{2} \mathrm{CH}_{2} \mathrm{CH}_{2} \mathrm{OH}$ d. $\mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{CH}_{2} \mathrm{CONHCH}_{2} \mathrm{CH}_{2} \mathrm{CH}_{3}$ e. $\mathrm{CH}_{3} \mathrm{CH}_{2} \mathrm{CH}_{2} \mathrm{COOH}$ f. $\mathrm{HCOOCH}_{2} \mathrm{CH}_{2} \mathrm{CH}_{3}$

For part a answer the question what is a functional group? So functional groups? Mhm. Mhm. Are groups of specific atoms? Yeah. That are constant from one molecule to the next. Mhm. Yeah. Part B. What functional group characterized as an alcohol? That would be the O. H. Functional group? And for C. Read a structure for one beautiful So one beauty. No. You know, would be four carbons would have an alcohol. Believe people went in and hydrogen is attached tv carpet. Mhm. And this would be the structure of one beautiful.

So a functional group is any group of molecules that replaces uh hydrogen um in an organic molecule and then it determines the functionality and the reactivity. Um and the types of chemical reactions that a substance can participate in. So here we have butane. Um and if we have if we want to turn it into an alcohol abuse and all, we would have to add the hydroxyl group, which is an O. H. One beauty and all would have it on the first carbon. So here we have the four carbons. If we label them, you can label them in From any direction. So that's 1, 2, 3 and four. What we have to do is instead of an age we have to substitute the hydroxyl group O. H. So we're just going to erase this age and then we're gonna put ohh okay. And then instead of butane it becomes one okay Butin all which has different chemical behavior and different reactivity. Um It has the presence of a polar group and it can participate in substitution reactions and other things that Butane was unable to do without that functional

All right. So Problem 41 is asking for us to describe the structure off the given functional groups. So starting here, read part, eh? We'll start with part, maybe have all keen and on all keen, huh? Characteristic of a double bond between two carbon. So we got a double bond between two carbons Anton's each carbon could handle four bonds. We can have two more other things connected to each of our carbon, So that would be the structure for analogy. Okay. Part B, part B regard alcohol to part B. Alcohol is characteristic of having on h. I'm connected to a carpet. So we're gonna have this carbon, and it will be connected to an O. And okay, we're gonna have ohh connected carbon. And, as usual, that carbon could handle more bonds. Other at a ex parte si party. We have an Esther, and Esther is very similar to carve oxalic acid, right. We have carbon double bonded to Oh, and then we have another oxygen right here. And as usual, it would be connected to a carbon. Okay, So what makes, um, Esther different is that instead of having hydrogen, you know how, um, carbo oxalic acid would normally have h bonded to oxygen right there. So instead of having a hydrogen, we're gonna have another carbon. All right, so, and as usual, these carbons can be connected to other Adams as well. So this this would be a nester. And finally, we have 40 which is a mean, Hey, so I mean, is that you probably remember, would have being nitrogen in it. Shall we have a carbon? And it will be connected to end age too. Or if you wanna write that out, we're gonna have to harder John Adams with neither drink. Okay. And, as usual, that carbon have space board three other bunch. So that would be our structure for me.

All right, guys, we're gonna do problem. 83 of chapter two. So what is the function of group? A functional group Are groups of Adam's within molecules that have their own characteristic properties. These may be hydroxide groups, a wage and baby sulfate groups, nitrate group dreams, boobs, et cetera. So what function could characterize an alcohol alcohol Zehr characterized by the O H group. The hype be hydroxy over, and I'll just use our here. That would just be our standing for for the moment you were working it right, Chuck performing for one pension all the alcohol cold dry from Pantene by making a substation on the carbon atoms. So to draw one pencil, we first started off our carbon chain. So hence that's a That's a prefix. That means five. So that means we have five carbons, just like literally like Pentagon means five sides. 12345 Now, one Penton all means you're on. You're gonna be at at one of the you're gonna be either on the carbon at this end or the carbon at this end. That's where the alcohol's gonna hang off. Oh, so this is going be the structure of one pencil because it's 12345 So this is the first carbon. As for out for just standard alcohols where you're putting the hydroxide group. That's what we count as the as the as Where you playing the hydroxide group that determines Ah, what what number prefix? So this is one plantain if you're putting the second carbon would be to maintain and ain't a 1/3 to be three et cetera.


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