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Determine if each of the following statements regarding quantum number is True or Ezlse The smaller the principal quantum number is, the more potential energy the e...

Question

Determine if each of the following statements regarding quantum number is True or Ezlse The smaller the principal quantum number is, the more potential energy the electron has. [Select ]The angular momentum quantum number | specifies the size of the orbital: SelectIII) The magnetic quantum number mi describes the orientation of the orbital Select ]

Determine if each of the following statements regarding quantum number is True or Ezlse The smaller the principal quantum number is, the more potential energy the electron has. [Select ] The angular momentum quantum number | specifies the size of the orbital: Select III) The magnetic quantum number mi describes the orientation of the orbital Select ]



Answers

Which of the following statements concerning the four quantum numbers is false ? (a) $n$ gives idea of the size of an orbital (b) $l$ gives the shape of an orbital (c) $\mathrm{m}$ gives the energy of the electron in the orbital (d) s gives the direction of spin of the electron in an orbital

So in the given question, we have a statement that says the assume it'll conduct number indicates the angular momentum of an electronic. So we are told to determine whether the given statement as true or false. So in order to know that what we should know first is what does what is an a cynical conduct number? Right? So an azimuth um conduct number is a number. It is a number that determines the number. It is a number that determines the shapes of orbital's in an atom. So this is what shapes of particles in an atom. And this is what the rental condo number indicates. Right, determines. So what this means is that when we say that a certain as a metal value for a given orbital, we can say that based on the given as a metal value, we can say what shape does the orbital of that energy cell health. Right? So this is what anNA's immature conduct number says it does not indicate the angular momentum of an electron. But what it does is it gives us a number that determines the shape of orbital's in an atom. So, what we have found over here is that the given statement is a false statement. Right? So this is a false statement, since an estimate will conduct number does not indicate the angular momentum of an electron. So, I hope you understood the answer. Thank you

So in the given question we have a statement for which we have to find whether the given statement is true or false. So the statement says that for any two electrons, any two electrons He needs two electrons in an atom in atom can have a maximum from maximum uh three condom numbers. Three quantum numbers. A maximum Of 300 numbers. See. So this is what the statement says. And we need to find whether this statement or we need to determine whether this statement is true or false. So what we need to know here is what is a condom number. Right? So a condom number are numbers that indicate different things about the orbital's in an atom. So the three condo numbers are principal condo number. The principles condo number, the assim it'll conduct number and we have the magnetic wand. A number. We have 400 numbers and totals principle as imetal magnetic and spin corner numbers. Right. So we have a principle which is called the police exclusion principle, police exclusion principle with which we can find or determine whether the given statement is true or false. Right? So according to the Pauli's exclusion principle, what is say, what it says is that it says that it is impossible. It is impossible. Impossible, foolish. Two electrons for two electronics and given atom to have all of its squander numbers. See to have all of it's quantum numbers. All of its condom numbers see So this is what the police exclusion principle uses. Right? So keeping this principle in mind. Now we can look at the above statement. Right? So in the above statement we are told that any two electrons in an atom can have a maximum off three quantum numbers safe. So we have a total of four condom numbers. And according to police exclusion principle it has said that for any two electrons it is impossible for it to have all of these four conduct numbers to have the same values. Right? So what it means is that the maximum number of similar values that two electrons in a given item can have as three condom numbers. Right? At least one of the condom numbers would be different for if you take two electrons in a given atom. So it means that the U. N. Statement is in fact a true statement. And we can say for any two electrons in an atom the maximum number of similar or same content numbers that these two electrons can have our three. Because according to police exclusion principle, all the condon numbers cannot be safe for two electrons. So I hope you understood the answer. Thank you

In this question. It gives us three different situations and asks regarding quantum numbers and asks if the quantum number description is specific to all Adams, um, or is applied only to on Adam of hydrogen. Um, the very first statement says the principal quantum number determines the energy of a given electron, the principal quantum numbers, and and it describes the general energy of electrons relative to each other. Um, and so we can look at the idea of Adams that are on the first energy level, where an equals one in the first energy level, there's only one sub level, the one s as opposed to in the second energy level, where we see a two s and a two p. And so the principal quantum number determines the energy of a given electron. Is Onley true for hydrogen? Because all other Adams have different sub levels that have slightly different energies. So for a the principal quantum number determines the energy of it, given electron is Onley true for hydrogen. Our second statement describes the angular momentum. The angular momentum quantum number determines the shape of an orbital, and this is true for all. Adams, the angular momentum. Quantum number is l l equals zero. We're talking about an s orbital. If l equals one, were describing a P orbital. If l equals two, we describe a d and if l equals three, we describe f. So the statement above the angular momentum quantum number determines the shape of the orbital is true for all Adams. And finally, our third statement describes the magnetic quantum number, the magnetic quantum number. It's referred to his M L. And it ranges from oh to negative l the integers including zero and by definition, the magnetic quantum number determines the direction the orbital's point in space. You sometimes refer to it as spin up, spin down and then the different arrangement of atoms. So by definition, this is true for all Adams. So the only statement that is exclusive to hydrogen is the very 1st 1 which stated that the energy level is equivalent for the given electrons

So in the given question, we are told that we have to find whether the given statement is true or false. So the statement says that among the orbital's given that is four P four S three P. And three D. three D orbital has the least energy. Right? So this is what the statements is. So what what do we know about our vittles? So when we sing an orbital, we first say the energy level of that orbital which is typically a number and then which orbital it is. So we have s orbital p orbital, the orbital etcetera. Right? So when we write that an s orbital is of the energy level one. It means it is of the least energy. In fact, the orbital was with the least energy is one s moving on the next energy level. Uh the next orbital which comes after which has more energy than one S. S. Two S then it is to be and so on. So what we can say is that when the energy level, that is the number that denotes the energy level english is we can normally say that the energy level at the energy of the orbital is also increasing. Right? So over here we can see that the orbital's that are given our four P four S three P. And trading and the S arbiter generally has less energy than the p orbital, which has less energy than the D orbital. Right? So here, when we take an orbital which has the least energy, what we'll do is we would first see what, see which are bittle given has the least energy level which are these two which has the energy level three. So it is either three P. Or three D. Which has the least energy out of the four orbital's. And as we mentioned over here that in general cases the P orbital has less energy than the orbital, we can say that the orbital, which has the least energy out of these four, are stripping Right, so three p is the required answer. So in the statement it has given that three D orbital has the least energy which is wrong. So the U. N. Statement as a false statement. So I hope you understood the answer. Thank you. Yeah.


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