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What is the formal ctarge on the oxygen atom in the following wompound?...

Question

What is the formal ctarge on the oxygen atom in the following wompound?

What is the formal ctarge on the oxygen atom in the following wompound?



Answers

A molecule of acetic acid, formed when wine spoils and becomes sour, is shown below. Write the chemical formula for the molecule.

Hillary won today we're doing Chapter 19 poem for you ate and this prom asked or tells us that, uh, explain the following results. We have acetic acid labeled with and radio labeled, uh oh oh 18 isotope at the alcohol position. And when we treat this with eight with space in a solution of acid, we will get products. I have the auction label at different locations as indicated Asterix on access to explain this. So let's go to the mechanism. See why this happened so upon acid, You know the story. My drop said, Well, Fleet Associates, any class in which minus and solution which minus will act as a base rip off the most sick proton being this Kravitz look, asset Proton. So we're left with is an intermediate that looks like this is the contra bass. You know, the stabilization of contact base can occur by having native charge on the election later, Adam or my resident stabilization. So you could resident, we stabilize this molecule moving around that negative charge to the other auction item here, as indicated here and I'll put well read dark by. He's this raider labeled oxygen. So now from here Because We have two intermediates, one of them being the, uh, the Carbonneau grouping on the regular option. One of them, the Carbonneau Group, is on the radio isotope labeled oxygen from here and step to weaken. Acidified either one of these positions. We can either acidified the radio label to alcohol, or we're gonna decertify the regular alcohol. And this gives result to the proxy. See, here we go. One product from this resident structure and maybe the other product from this resident structure.

So, firstly, just to define Lewis structure. So a little structure is a very simplified representation off the violent shell of electrons within a molecule. And whereas our three D structure is almost the same as above, however, we're now using dash and wedged bonds. So here we're drawing out the lowest structure as well as a three dimensional structure. So fastly you have two carbons that are S p to an SP three hybridized. So what we have here is three hydrogen to touch to born carbon, and then we have a carbon ill and an alcohol group that make up our carb oxalic acid functional group a touch to the other. So that's our Lewis structure, where we can just throw on our lone pairs on oxygen before I forget. So now the next one, we're gonna be adding dashed and wedged bonds. So with my SP to hybridize center, that ma'lik side of the molecule is plain out, so we don't need to draw any. Daschle wedged bonds over on the right hand side. However, on the left we have long proton that's in the same plane as the rest of the molecule. However, we also have one dashed on one wedged proton because we have SP three hybridization here. All of the atoms off this carbon are in the same plane like the SP two hybridized carbon.

To find the molecule that contains oxygen. With the most negative charge, we need to draw the Lewis structures and then determine the formal charge for each oxygen. The formal charge for the oxygen in water is going to be the six electrons that have brought in plus the her minus the six that air now assigned to it. So it has a formal charge of zero and carbonate. We see that there are to Oxygen's with a single bond and one oxygen with the double bond. And this will be the case, with all of the residents structures there being two other resident structures. If we assigned the formal charge for each oxygen with a single bond, it's minus one and the formal charge for oxygen with a double bond it zero. So the average formal charge on oxygen then is minus 2/3. The oxygen's in oath island. We'll have a minus one plus one and a zero formal charge, so the average will be zero formal charge for oxygen, and then for this compound we have ox, only one oxygen, and it has a formal charge of the six socks, electrons that it brought in minus the six that are now assigned to it. 12 34 56 Because these electrons are shared so that has a formal charge of zero. So it now becomes obvious. The one with the oxygen with the greatest negative charge is going to be carbonate be.

Acetic acid undergoes deep throat a nation reaction. When treated with a strong base like sodium hydroxide. This reaction orchestrated due to the resonance stabilized Carlos, eric and I am. The chemical reaction is this is a citic ethic. The start oxygen used to represent different oxygen atoms in the first step objection sodium hydroxide, the proton, a to acetic acid molecule in order to form Carlos. I did and I'm this idea hydroxide. I only attract hydrogen as a result, this bonded atom accepted to this oxygen and become negative double sided an ion stabilized Due to that resonance, this electron sifted to hear and formed a bond As a result, this bonded electrons accepted to this oxygen that as an instructor is. As a result this oxygen become negative. Thus, in the second step, the pro donation takes place at two positions, with results in the formation of products sorry to products with different locations of leverage oxygen. In this step, this negative oxygen atom address high treason iron to fund a body. In this step, this negative boxes and adam attacks this hydrogen ion to form a bomb. Therefore, to products have defined locations of liberal oxygen atom, do two rows resonating form of carbon dated and I am.


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