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Llst these electron subshells orderIncreasino energy_2p, 4s, 3s, SpNote for advanced students: vou may Jssumc these subshells are all In an atom with many electrons...

Question

Llst these electron subshells orderIncreasino energy_2p, 4s, 3s, SpNote for advanced students: vou may Jssumc these subshells are all In an atom with many electrons; not hydrogen atom00do

Llst these electron subshells order Increasino energy_ 2p, 4s, 3s, Sp Note for advanced students: vou may Jssumc these subshells are all In an atom with many electrons; not hydrogen atom 00do



Answers

Order the orbitals for a multielectron atom in each of the following lists according to increasing energy:

(a) $4 d, 3 p, 2 p, 5 s$
(b) $2 s, 4 s, 3 d, 4 p$
(c) $6 s, 5 p, 3 d, 4 p$

Energy levels that are also known as electron shells are fixed distances from the nucleus of an active where electrons may be found. Electrons are known to be very small that are negatively charged. Particles in an active that are able to move around are positively charged nucleus that is located at the centre. Off the atom, electrons can occupy one energy level or another, but not the space between the energy levels. This is what we mean by the whole idea of being quanta ized. They were looking at the quantities model of hydrogen. That's what we have. An energy level of one sub level off one s, an energy level of to a sub level of two s to P. Energy level equals three sub level equals three s, three P. Three D, and our final energy level of four. Where are sub levels equals four x four p. 40 in four f. So what s all the tools? Have one spherical sub south shell associate it on R P. Orbital's have three dumb bell shapes up shells, associate ID

The first energy level off hydrogen is an equals one. It has one sub level and this is that's the first. The second energy level and equals two has to some levels. Yes, and people The third energy level and equals three has three sub levels. This p indeed in the fourth energy level N equals four has four sub levels s and death. So instead of spending increases, the sub levels that exists in the previous energy level also exist in the next energy level. So, yes, since it is in an equals one, we'll also be in an equals two and three and four and so on. And same for P from two and beyond de for free and beyond and so on and so forth. The the sub level s looks like a sphere with its center at the nucleus of the Ana. So we grabbed this in three dimensions. Here's our sea access are why access on our X axis and our spears just centered at the origin. The sublevel P corresponds to the P orbital, which consists of three sections. So if we crash from knicks, why Z? Each of the sections looks like a sort of dumb bell. So on Lindsay access the top section and bond section on the X axis, the one that goes behind from the one in front on same with the Y axis.

Problem number six days in about a If we have an end is in principle. Quantum number is equal to four and l is equal. Do three. How many Elektronik states? We have Harmony Electron states. We have so for any given quantum number l There are two times l plus one m l states. So for even l. We have to l plus one Emel States, no. Now each animal state huge animal state will have two more states that comes from the spin. So to two more states coming from Spain, that means all of these states multiplied by two will give us the total states for l. So then two times off ill. Sorry to L, too well, plus one. So for let's say, l is called tree, so we'll plug it in three. So too on here, tree via no dot lost one. So this becomes seven and seven times to musical 14. So we have 14 states. 14 electron state in a. You know, maybe we will repeat the same process for the even formula. Where the hell is given as one so so two times one is two and plus one That gives us that gives us a total off three times to you six in part c were again given the l is a call to, um one for l. A sickle. The one we have a total number of states, which is, um, two times one here and plus one for someone that is equal to the total states. Six. In party we have else. State is equal to zero. So the Donald States, we have two times off zero plus one plus one. That gives us only two. So in party, we have only two states.

Actual configurations is the distribution off electrons of an active or a molecule in atomic or molecular orbital's. So the first thing we can do is look at AF minus on iron for flooring. We have the electron configuration. Want us to to ask you to be six. Next, we're looking at phosphorus, which is P three miners. We have one us to to us to to be 63 asked you three p six. Next revivalist Shia, which is alli plus, which is simply want us to following this. We have aluminium, which is a or three plus, and we have the configuration want us to to ask you to be six. So all of the above elements have similar electronic configurations. This is because they all have the electronic configuration off a noble gas where they all have a full outer shell by either gaining or losing electrons


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