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Q6. For the data provided in this matrix, draw the most parsimonious phylogenetic hypothesis: You can assume the characters are all homologous "Yes" indi...

Question

Q6. For the data provided in this matrix, draw the most parsimonious phylogenetic hypothesis: You can assume the characters are all homologous "Yes" indicates the trait is found in that species.Your tree should include the relationship for all the species (1-5) show where each trait (A-F) evolved show the branch lengths which indicate the number of evolutionary transitions that occurred since the most recent common ancestorHints: (1) the first step is to turn this character matrix int

Q6. For the data provided in this matrix, draw the most parsimonious phylogenetic hypothesis: You can assume the characters are all homologous "Yes" indicates the trait is found in that species. Your tree should include the relationship for all the species (1-5) show where each trait (A-F) evolved show the branch lengths which indicate the number of evolutionary transitions that occurred since the most recent common ancestor Hints: (1) the first step is to turn this character matrix into 3 table of pairwise differences (# of differences between species 1 and 2, 1 and 3,etc ) (2) Check out the video on Blackboard for more assistance_ Species Trait A Trait B Trait € Trait D Trait E Trait F Species 1 Yes Yes Yes Species 2 Yes Yes Yes Species 3 Yes Yes Yes Yes Species 4 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Species 5 Yes Yes Yes Yes



Answers

(a) Draw a phylogenetic tree based on characters $1-5$ in the table below. Place hatch marks on the tree to indicate the origin(s) of characters $1-6 .$ (b) Assume that tuna and dolphins are sister species and redraw the phylogenetic tree accordingly. Use hatch marks to indicate the origin(s) of characters $1-6 .$ (c) How many evolutionary changes are required in each tree? Which tree is most parsimonious?

In this question were drawing to different file a genetic trees. And then we're identifying the number of evolutionary changes in them and which one is more most parsimonious. The table for our trait is going to be at page 5 72 and they are backbone hinged Jaw Forlan's AM neon milk and a dorsal fin. And then our organisms are going to be the land slit, which axes are out group lamprey, tuna salad, mater, turtle, leopard and dolphin. So the first one is Well, um, I think makes the most sense based off these characteristics, he had the land slit as an out group and then you get your backbone evolved, then your jaw. You have four limbs am neon milk and then eventually a dorsal fin in the dolphin. But then we also have a dorsal fin up here in tuna. And so, counting the number of evolutionary changes, I am counting seven. I'm sorry. Seven over here and then down here, the second tree were supposed to draw is assuming tuna and dolphins or sister species. And then so we re draw. So here, once again, we have our backbone in our jaw. But then it splits off. So we have two sisters species here and then So there is going to be the tuna and the dolphin. Now notice the dorsal fin is for both of them. Where's in the first one? Dorsal fin evolved twice, but then our dolphin also has three more characteristics of four limbs, milk and neon and then going back. So then we have four limps here, which goes our salamander and turtle leopard am Leon and then just milk. And the second sister group is going to be between the turtle and the leopard in this has let's see. 12 345678 This one has nine changes and thus the top one. So a is going to be more person moan ius.

In this question were drawing to different file a genetic trees. And then we're identifying the number of evolutionary changes in them and which one is more most parsimonious. The table for our trait is going to be at page 5 72 and they are backbone hinged Jaw Forlan's AM neon milk and a dorsal fin. And then our organisms are going to be the land slit, which axes are out group lamprey, tuna salad, mater, turtle, leopard and dolphin. So the first one is Well, um, I think makes the most sense based off these characteristics, he had the land slit as an out group and then you get your backbone evolved, then your jaw. You have four limbs am neon milk and then eventually a dorsal fin in the dolphin. But then we also have a dorsal fin up here in tuna. And so, counting the number of evolutionary changes, I am counting seven. I'm sorry. Seven over here and then down here, the second tree were supposed to draw is assuming tuna and dolphins or sister species. And then so we re draw. So here, once again, we have our backbone in our jaw. But then it splits off. So we have two sisters species here and then So there is going to be the tuna and the dolphin. Now notice the dorsal fin is for both of them. Where's in the first one? Dorsal fin evolved twice, but then our dolphin also has three more characteristics of four limbs, milk and neon and then going back. So then we have four limps here, which goes our salamander and turtle leopard am Leon and then just milk. And the second sister group is going to be between the turtle and the leopard in this has let's see. 12 345678 This one has nine changes and thus the top one. So a is going to be more person moan ius.

Hello, everyone. And I hope all is well today. I'll be helping you with the 34th problem, which is asking what similarities in jeans would be found in the following. So let's go through all of them and let's pick out the best one. So you have a That's a species. D and E would share more genetic similarities with each other than A and B and vice versa. So this could possibly be true. But, um, again you have on the tree, you have a B and then c d e N u e. So I mean, they're still right to get next to each other, so I don't necessarily think that's true. Then you be. Where's his species? A. Andy would share more genetic similarities than be, indeed, but that's totally false. Cause AIDS air. Here he's here and the BND a closer together. Then you have see that says Ah, DNA would have more similarities and and B, which is false. And then you have a D that says species D and B, which share more genetic similarities. And Amy, which is true because these two are closer together and 80 are farther apart. So I hope you found the cell phone and I'll be over. Great day. Thank you.

For this question, we first need to find out which nucleotide bases are changed between each of these different species. So here, for our original progenitor, we have an amino a nucleotide sequence of GTC A a t g a c a. From here, we can check the amino.


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