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In a species of orangutans, recessive mutations that affect body color; arm length, or eye color are yellow (p) body versus purple n the wild type, short (I) versus...

Question

In a species of orangutans, recessive mutations that affect body color; arm length, or eye color are yellow (p) body versus purple n the wild type, short (I) versus long arms in the wild type, and green (b) versus brown eyes in the wildtype. Across is formed between a purple; short-armed; brown-eyed female and a yellow, long-armed, green-eyed male. All the F1 were wild type for all three characteristics The test cross of an F1 female with a yellow, short armed,green-eyed male gave the following

In a species of orangutans, recessive mutations that affect body color; arm length, or eye color are yellow (p) body versus purple n the wild type, short (I) versus long arms in the wild type, and green (b) versus brown eyes in the wildtype. Across is formed between a purple; short-armed; brown-eyed female and a yellow, long-armed, green-eyed male. All the F1 were wild type for all three characteristics The test cross of an F1 female with a yellow, short armed,green-eyed male gave the following results: Iype Number PLB 169 pLB 19 301 Pb 21 PLb plb 172 PB 304 IOTAL 1000 pLb pLB



Answers

In Drosopbila , the $X$ -linked recessive mutations prume $(p n)$ and garnet $(g)$ recombine with a frequency of $0.4 .$ Both of these mutations cause the eyes to be brown instead of dark red. Females homozygous for the $p n$ mutation were crossed to males hemizygous for the $g$ mutation, and the $\mathrm{F}_{1}$ daughters, all with dark red eyes, were crossed with their brown-eyed brothers. Predict the frequency of sons from this last cross that will have dark red eyes.

So here we have a male just saw Fela, who is homos, I guess recessive for the cinnabar and brown I color jeans. Normally, this would make him have white eyes. But due to a duplication on his Y chromosome of the positive brown Jean Heat now has red eyes, right? He has made it to a female dress. Awful A who was cario typically normal, meaning that she has no abnormalities in her chromosomes like he does. And she is also home is, I guess, recessive for the cinnabar and brown jeans, meaning that she actually does have white eyes. What kind of offspring is going to be created once? Thies to mate? Well, based on what we know about sex and sex determination, we know that males have to pass on their Y chromosome in his Y chromosome. The males y chromosome has a copy of the, um, brown gene on it, which means that all the males that they produce will have red eyes. They would be CN minus CN miners B w minus B w minus B w plus. They'd look almost identical to this male because both the male and the female have the same otherwise normal jeans here. But because he has an extra copy on the Y chromosome, all of his male offspring will have red eyes. The female offspring, on the other hand, will look almost identical to this female right here because they don't have this extra y chromosome. And as we just stated, the genetic information between these two was identical. Otherwise, from the Y chromosome, intense females don't have Y chromosomes. You can comfortably say that they will have white guys.

Based on the information provided we know that I color is autism all and that if the Gina type with a Capital B is present, that person will have brown eyes. And if you have homes like this recessive condition, then that person will have blue eyes. Colorblindness is a little bit different because this is an excellent trait, so males can have two possible uh, Gino Tippett combinations, one where the Leo on the X is dominant and that will be normal for color for color site and then x little A. Why this male would be color blind Females are a little different because there's three possibilities. X a x a would be normal. This female ex big a X little a would be normal, but she's a carrier for color blindness and X little a X little a. This would be a color blind female. So for the first part of the question, it asked us to determine the Gandhi. It's possible from a mail who is headers, I guess, for brown eyes. So that would be big B little baby animal pit mail out here and he's color blind so we could look at our choice our chart we made when we know that his genotype is this, This is the Leo tells us, or this Genotype tells us he has brown eyes and this tells us he's colored white. His possible gang mates are easy to determine because you just take this be and you pair it with each of the possible, um, sex chromosomes. And then you do the same thing with this little B. And so you're gonna have four possible gam eats from this brown live color brought blind male. So big b ATS little a big B. Why little bee? It's little A and little B. Why now? The second part of the question was asked about Gina types for various family members. And so we have a mom, this female here's blue eyed, so she has to little bee's and she has normal vision. We can't jump to too many conclusions because, really, we don't have enough information just yet to answer what this second Khalil is because that diversity is hidden. So it could be that it's this big A or it could be that it's this little a. But some of the facts start to come together. The first fact is that she has a brown eyes color blind son So brown night color, blind son. So that tells us that he has a big B and a little baby from her. And he has and ETS that has the little A from her and the UAE from Dad. And so this question mark, we can now replace with a little A because we determined that she must be a carrier. Four color blindness because she had a son that has the color blind. A legal. She also has a daughter. Yes, has blue eyes so to little bee's and she's color blind. So that means she got one X with the color blind a little from mom and one next with the color blind. A Leo from Dad. That also means that bombs Gina type must be little be little B X, big a X, little a and that dance Gina type Must be, uh ah hitters. I get brown night mail that has that is color blind

Hello dear students. A first question. Well this problem there was to explain the nature of this exception. Well the nature of this exception where you have dollar sign. B. Sure. Yeah. W. Does I? Yeah. You know when you break uh promise. So two the charlie brown eyes. Yeah. Anyways S. T. Yeah blow cheated. I promised them. I don't think that three. Yeah. And this is far. Carly I first yeah. Every and yeah. Dot Okay so this stuff I died. Yeah. Almost like you look my guys. Yeah. The exception. Mm hmm. Okay. The exceptional. Yeah man. Yeah. Yeah. Which is thomas I. P. Took it. Mhm. S. T. Mm. Okay. Carson it is. I say this. Mhm. For translation. Yeah. Let me transfer location between I wish. Yeah. Right promise one about yeah 23. Yeah. Mhm. Mhm mm cannot Okay. Yeah. Weather yeah investigation. Okay trans. Oh occasion sure. Okay. Between to 80. Uh huh. The. Yeah I promise so. Okay. And yet that is it. I hope you found this helpful and please take care and stay safe. Okay.

How their students for this question. They're talking about how in humans a recessive excellent mutation which is low gene causes green deficient color fish in the wild type polio biggie causes normal colour vision. A man a and woman be both have normal fishing. Have three Children. All married to people with normal fishing agree a color deficient son. See who has a daughter with normal fishing. F. A daughter with normal fishing D. Who has a who has won code deficient son. G. And to normal sons. H. And a daughter with a normal efficient E. I know this is confusing but if you have it in front of you that's good. Who has six normal sons? I I know it's hard to keep up but if you read it right in front of you you get it. I know all the letters and coding is too much but besides all the confusion with the numbers I mean that with all the outfits um they want to know give the most likely general types for the individuals I have eight to I. In this family. Well when it comes down to for the green deficient read effective color vision. Okay. Yeah. Was G. X. Blink. Okay. Oops. Mhm. Recessive disordered. Yeah. W. T. Yeah funeral card. Yeah for normal fishing and, yep that is it. I hope you found this very helpful and please take care. Okay


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