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Classify each of the following as an alkane, an alkene, an alkyne or aromatic compound and as saturated or unsaturated.compoundclassification saturatedlunsaturated...

Question

Classify each of the following as an alkane, an alkene, an alkyne or aromatic compound and as saturated or unsaturated.compoundclassification saturatedlunsaturated

Classify each of the following as an alkane, an alkene, an alkyne or aromatic compound and as saturated or unsaturated. compound classification saturatedlunsaturated



Answers

Classify each of the following as an alkane, an alkene, or an alkyne and as saturated or unsaturated: $\mathrm{CHCCH}_{3}, \mathrm{CH}_{2} \mathrm{CHCH}_{3}$ $\mathrm{CH}_{3}\left(\mathrm{CH}_{2}\right)_{3} \mathrm{CH}_{3}$.

All right, So in A. We've got a triple bond, and when you've got a triple bond, that means that this is identifiable as an AL kind. In B, you've got one double bond, so that means that this is going to be an al keen and and see everything is single bonded. So that means that is an AL cane. And then in D. We have one triple bond. So that means this is going to be another AL kind.

Read this question as us. What is the compound? And if we can name it? Mmm. This one has tthe e functional group over here is an Esther and you never messed up. This is the metal. And this one is one, 23 Far cell basically is the metal three missile view Tain no wait for capital. This one is an either. So this while is either and this is lethal. And this birth this 134 Thank you. Hey, you may feel Yeah butto. This one is an aromatic compounds. And uh huh it is one evil three metal Benzie This'll while isn't our guy. So you name it 67 It will be for no. We have to start with the heat off us. So five e so for methadone. Hep teen. Yeah, you too. Well, this one is out of Hi. It has full Kappa. So it's, you know, this one is are cool. It has three couple. So Cavil So the name it 123 So the name's gonna read to missile? Uh, broken north

So now we'LL work on Problem ninety from Chapter twenty one here were asked to identify all the functional groups in the molecules or the the functional group that's present in each structure and then provide the name of each compound. So let's go out and write the structure were given for part A. That's C H three h scene double wand C C. H. Three in Let's Head in three method groups. So first we've identified the functional group that we have here, and that's an AL Keen because of the double bond. And then we want to name our carbons number are carbons and we'LL start on the side That's closer to the double bond. So one, two, three, four and five So now we can list our substitute mints and their position. So two, three, four, Try me Ethel, and we have five carbons and a double bond at position, too. So it's two Penn team, so that's moved Part B where were given the following structure in drawing our substitute mints. This is in Al Kane to the fact that we have a saturated hydrocarbon, so let's go ahead and name number are carbons. And since we have? No, Those bonds are functional groups. We will start from the side that has more substance. One too. Three, four, five and six. So we number our substitute mints and get two, two, four Try methanol and then we have a six carbon chains. So just heck sane so we could move on Art See, here we are given the following structure and we know, you know, subsist mint here and we know that this double bond Oh h is indicative of a car back cilic acid. And you know, five carbon chain ah which will give rise to the P and T prefix Will number are carbon starting from the karmic selic acid three four And we can read her name numbering the substations first. So three metal pen to know no position there Penta Noah Cassidy The car looks other gas It has to be on the end. So let's go to her. Dino we were given the following structure so we see that this nitrogen here with the three subsidiary it's connected is an amine and so we just need to list the substitutes in alphabetic order and then next to a mean annette naming of this compound will be complete. So we see that on the left we have an isopropyl group and on the right, we have a you told group. So we combine these to get the name of our compound, which is beautiful s o approval. I mean, so let's go ahead and move onto her e where we have C h three ch ch too ch ch three. I'm drying it exactly as it's written in the book C H two O. H. And then we have two carbons over here. No. So we see that the always group here's our functional group, So we haven't alcohol now. The longest carbon chain here is tricky. It would be tempting to say that it's this five carbons going straight across. However, we can see that the longest carbon chain is actually Miska here. So once on, then we conserve from the alcohol to name them a number of them. So we see when we number like us, we actually have two metal groups and a six carbon chain Versace. What we would have had if we had just gone straight from here to here. So this is a question where they're trying to trick you with the way that they're drawings of a structure. So we have a method group of position to and position for in metal. And we have a alcohol at position one and a six carbon chain. So to Ford, I'm Ethel. One external now for part F structure that were given is ch three ch too. See? It's two again No carbon Neil ch ch three seeing a JJ three So we see here that this is our longest current chain We see that the functional group is a key tone because of the carbon you'LL hear on the interior for molecule. If we draw our start numbering from the side of thie key tone, we get one, two, three for five and six. So our answer our named for the structure is two methods followed by the position of the key tone at three hex for the length of the carbon chain and own for taquito

So in this problem were first identifying the compound and then providing a name. And so the first compound looks like this. And so this is an AL Keen. And so the name this will look at its longest chain, which has five carbons and the double bond starts at the second carbon. So this will be to Pantene, and then we have 12123 method groups. So it'll be 23234 tri methyl to panting. Let her be. Looks like this. And this is an Al cane. And so we'll look at the longest chain, which has six carbons. So it's a heck sane and we again have three method groups. Ah, two at the tooth carbon and one of the four. And so this will be 6 3 2 1 4 2 to 4. Try methylene vaccine letter. See, Looks like this. This is a car box Cilic acid. And so the name This will look at the longest carbon Shane, which is five. So it will be a Penton oic acid and we have a method group on the three carbon. So it will be three methylene Penton oic acid. Now let her d looks like this. And so uh This isn't a mean. And what you notice about the mean is the nitrogen is here. We have a beauty. Ain't Shane here. And so we will have on amino butane. And then this group is an isopropyl group. So we will have I. So Pro Bowl amino butane Letter e looks like this. And so here we have an alcohol. And the longest chain that includes the O. H. Is 12345123456 carbons. And so we will have a hex in all. And then we have to method groups coming off of this hex in all here at the two carbon and here at the four Carbon. So we will have to four dime Ethel Hex in all. Now let her f looks like this. And so this is a key tone. And so we'll look at the longest chain that includes the key tone. And that is a a ah six carbon chain. So we will have a hex unknown. The key tones at the three carbon, and then we have a meth a group at the two. So we will have to meth. 03 hex unknown


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