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Provide the necessary reagents and reaction conditions needed to carry out each lettered transformation (note: it may be necessary to have more than one step to acc...

Question

Provide the necessary reagents and reaction conditions needed to carry out each lettered transformation (note: it may be necessary to have more than one step to accomplish a particular transformation). For example: i) CHsMgCllether, ii) HzOtOzN "OHBenzeneCHaNHzNOz

Provide the necessary reagents and reaction conditions needed to carry out each lettered transformation (note: it may be necessary to have more than one step to accomplish a particular transformation). For example: i) CHsMgCllether, ii) HzOt OzN " OH Benzene CHa NHz NOz



Answers

Identify the reagents needed to carry out each transformation.

This question is a question asked us to give some theses or each of the following reactions. So the first one is one beauty in going to 13 of you dying. So one beauty mean looks like this. And 13 view design looks like this. Um And so the easiest way to put something on this molecule that we can then eliminate is to use, and B s and peroxide slowed the radical reaction. So if we take our one boutin and we add and B s and rock sides, then we would get I'm actually to products that either get this product or we can get this product because we can move that a little radical around two products here on, then in order to let it get to the dying here, we're going to eliminate. And now this one is really obvious how it gets years of this for me will just eliminate this direction. But we could also do a 14 elimination on this one to get to that same products. So one for elimination is really just the opposite of a 14 addition. So instead of moving the carbon condom, we're adding we'll just move it when we're eliminating. So, um, to get both of these Teoh the product will do that one for elimination. And so to do that and a regular 12 elimination for the other one will use a bulky base like turkey talk side on and then the corresponding alcohol and some heat on. And that will give us 13 beautifying from both of those products in the middle there. Let's part A in part B, we have one pen teen going to 13 di are 13 Penta dying. Um and so here we're gonna do a similar reaction. So we'll start off by adding NBS and peroxide to get to products. So the first one will look like this, and the second one will look like this were removed that and with roaming over here and then we'll do that same thing. So we'll do a 12 elimination here and a one for elimination on this one to get us to the, um, product that we want so well again, use that be talk side with the corresponding alcohol and heat and that will give us the 13 point dying from both of those products for part C here. We're starting with an alcohol, and we need to form two double bonds. So, um, the best way Teoh do that. I think I drew that product wrong. I did. Product that were actually trying to get to is this. There's only one, um, anyone double gone in there. So that looks That's a product that we're trying to get. Sorry about that. Okay, so we're started with an alcohol and going to a double bond on and we need, so we need to eliminate that. Alcohol is our first step. So the best way to eliminate a primary alcohol is with a shoe s a four, and heat on due to rearrangement will actually get the alcohol in the middle, or the double bond in the middle of that chain will get both the cyst entrance products of that. So there's two products here on then to get Teoh. Um, having the bro means on here. This will be a 14 addition from a dying. So we need to turn this into a dying. I will do that the same way that we did in parts A and B. So first, we will add And yes, and rock sides just like we did in Andy. And then we'll eliminate it with the same three agents on. And so then we will get this, um, from both of those. So then we can to get to this product appear, all we have to do is add br two and heat. And the reason that we're adding the heat is to get the thermodynamic product. So this will do a 12 and a 14 reaction. But we only want the 14 products. And luckily, the 14 product in this case is a thermodynamic products. So we can push thermodynamic products by adding heat to the reaction. So what is part C and then for part D. Um, here we have groups for part D. Here we have this internal al Keen going to this only done years out of roaming on. And so there are. There's what one really easy way to do this, and that's just adding NBS and peroxide. But we should also note that that will also give us a second product where we moved the double bond. Um and so liberal mean would be here. So that will give us two products on then for part E here. We're going from just an Al Cane. Teoh. This has a double bond and a bro mean on it. So the first thing that will do is add br two and light because it's the only thing that we can do to an al cane. So that will give us this, uh, cycle fencing with one drumming on it. And then we will eliminate the bro. Mean, it's the same way that we eliminated in the, uh, earlier parts of this problem. So we'll eliminate that, bro mean to get a keen there and then Teoh add the bro Mean will use NBS and peroxide just like we had been doing before. And now, because this, because of this molecule, has the symmetry in it, it will move the double bond on, give two different residents forms, but we'll end up with the same product, the president's form school, actually the same thing as well. Um, because there's nothing else on the molecule to make the many different, so that will only give us one product, but that will be ever seen a product. And then for part F here. All we have to do is eliminate the bro mean to get that second double bond here. So we'll do that the same way that we've been doing it in the last few steps. So used her beauty oxide again with its course when the alcohol is a solvent and he to push the elimination.

Suppose were given a re agent such as this aromatic alcohol. And we want to produce this. Esther, how would we go about doing that? Well, for starters, we need to make a car books, little gas, a derivative from an alcohol. So we need to make a car buck Selic acid before we can do so. So for the first step, what we can dio IHS oxidized that alcohol. And what can we use to oxidize a primary alcohol primary alcohol into a carb oxalic acid? We can use Jones re agent or, um, we can specify it as h two c r o seven chronic acid. We're h 20 for Karam assassin and what we can. And what that would do is, well, oxidized that primary alcohol into a carb oxalic acid. And now, to go from a car boot sale, Gasset toe a nester. We wouldn't need to use an alcohol and catalytic acid. So are acid. Could be really anything as long as we have it in catalytic amounts. Let's use H two s 04 in catalytic amounts. And what would our alcohol be? Well, we're adding a ch three, so we want to make ch three or we want to use ch 30 age methanol. And that would be how we would conduct this synthesis. Let's try another example. How about if we were given this Esther and we wanted to produce this car Books look acid with an alcohol group. Well, this just looks like ah, hydraulics ist of a nester toe, a carb oxalic acid which would create another alcohol. But since it's connected from the other side of the chain, it would just be ring opening. So what we can do is h 20 with catalytic age to us. So, four. What about this example? How would we take this natural group and produce this alcohol highlight or alcohol in oil? Hey, light or a cell? Hey, light. However you want to call it, there's multiple names for it. Well, we can't go directly into the isil. Hey, light. And the reason is you cannot go from a week Carb, oxalic acid derivative to a strong you cannot go weak to strong. You can only go strong to weak. But what we can do is hide relies this nitro group each 20 with catalytic h two s 04 Really? Any acid and catalytic amounts of do just fine and we would apply heat and this would make a carp oxalic acid. And then well, we can either use PCL five or eso CEO too to make our Okano. Hey, light from our carb oxalic acid. What if we had this? A soul? Hey, lied or Elkana will chloride And we wanted to make an album hide. What would we use there? Well, we want a really strong reducing agent boy. Elkana Mohei Lights are very reactive, so we cannot really use lithium aluminum hydride. We cannot use lithium aluminum hydride directly. We'll have to use one of its derivatives in this case. Well, there are different derivatives that we can use. We can use lithium aluminum hydride. Um turn BUE topside. We can use diable, which is die. I so beautiful aluminum. Ah, yeah, Diets. A beautiful aluminum. And really it only comes down to these two per se And this one will be what we will use because it will be enough. It will be strong enough to react with O connell. Hey, lights to hand, um, and hydroids to reduce them into Aldo hides so we will use hydride hurt Utah outside and that will create our desired product. However, what if we used and Esther and wanted to produce an album Hide from this Esther on this case? Esther's air relatively compared Tol Connell highlights their relatively a weaker derivative of carbon Csillag acids. So we would have to use diable for this reduction. What if we wanted to take this a MyDD or rather any a mite? And we wanted to create the car books. Look acid with this I product of this ammonium salt will. It's a little bit more tricky to answer this question, and the reason is it's very difficult to know what system or what conditions we want to make. This. We know that this is a hydraulic sis, so we can just h 20 right. But is it in basic or acidic conditions? Well, it would be acidic for two reasons. This auction has a hydrogen, and this nitrogen has an extra hydrogen, giving it a positive charge. So you know, it would be acidic, but which acid would reuse? Because typically, we've used age to us a four and catalytic amount by in this case, there is one parameter that would require a very specific catalyst or catalytic acid. And it would be the fact that to complete the salt we have seal negative, which tells us that our acid is catalytic hydrochloric acid, and that is how we would conduct this census.

Hi, guys. Let's solve a problem with one certified. When you do, give the name of the regions that we need to get into the grille injections. Let's start with a So what? We see that this is this is a dialogue in which the hydroxy groups are on the same side. So this is the same edition. So, in addition off Hendrickson groups on this Elgon Therefore, this is Hendricks Elation, reaction off. Bulky. Uh, we also in the drop side. So we need all swim that drop side in the prison. So sodium hydrogen, something in water for the 2nd 1 What we're getting from this everything we're doing One Alcoa home. So this is have aberration. Oxidation. Reaction on way. Bourdain in business off. PJ andi for Bob Sedation. Winning allusion. Fall off side of the business off days. The time one What we see that way are getting cyclic. Elkin. So we have you to dislike the pope in from this given American. So this is like rhubarb. In addition reaction and for this reaction, evidently it is global. Formed the prison. So be is mortician hydroxide on the 4th 1 Uh, in this case from this ankle home. We're getting the elk in their phone. What we need to do, we need to heat the alcohol in the business of acid to get Elkin. That isn't so as they were hitting this ongoing we're getting the elkin in the 51. So when we see him, the double want is being clipped. So this is oxidative revenge by oxidative cleavage reaction. And in this case, we need ozone and zinc in acid solution to get this product. So this is emotional life stays the presence of sink and acid. And the 4th 1 here again, this is this is Alcoa home that we're getting from the Elkin. And this one is had revelation oxidation reaction. Therefore, we need more rain in prison. So a j on and hydrogen for oxide. And these So these are the regions that we need for this reactions

Okay, so he has to carry out the following transformations. And in the first one, we're starting with benzene, and we want to create this. So we have an AL to hide and we can get out ahead using the God of any contradiction, which is, um, CEO plus HCL. And this is with a l c. 03 So that gives the out ahead. And this is also over Compaq lurid. So for the next one we want to create, you want to add, um, three more carbons of the chain and we have an alpha beta unsaturated cartoon. So this is characteristic of the audio conversation. We're gonna react the structure with a three carbon ketone. So it's super pennant. This will react with, um, sitting with oxide. It's gonna deport me at the outset. Hydrogen on to Perpignan. Siano. Attack the carbon, carbon. And when treated water, we got the alcohol to the structure. And then if we treat this with, um with heat, it's gonna give us the Alpha Beta unsaturated ketone. So this is, um, this is, uh, b Ever see? I want to create this. You want to remove the you want to turn the seats through at the end into an oxygen without hydrogen. So if we react that structure with, um, Miss Charlotte Province here, Okay, so reacting this with and this is done access. So the first step is that the the base is going to do you party at the Alpha version, so we get a carbon iron, and this is going to attack one of the idea mark molecules. So eventually, once we do it three times, we'll get ci three. And since we saw based off there, it's going to attack the carbon carbon as opposed to deeper than any alpha hydrogen because we don't have any Alpha Hodgins left. So we get, um, create the structure, cox, that ion. It's also bounced to the O. H. And see I three. So ci three is better leader group. So this bond going to reform, kicking out that get the structure. So the last step is for see I three to dip, originate the car back stock acid. It's your left with this. Okay, so they're reacting that structure, So we're gonna use the Williams ether synthesis to react that cox that ion with an alcoholic to this case beneath a to carbon alcohol allowed. So one bromo ethane attacking right here. Expunge leaving group. And we get our products that we still have the arm. Yeah, Keener. Here's a front drop to read this.


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