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Outlinc thc synthetic stcps for the preparation of the semissnthetic penicillin shown bclow starting Gom 6-aminopenicillanic acid (stucnure page Include foW an...

Question

Outlinc thc synthetic stcps for the preparation of the semissnthetic penicillin shown bclow starting Gom 6-aminopenicillanic acid (stucnure page Include foW answcr the synthetic steps tic prcparation of te side chaiu precursor using phenol and cbloracetic acid a5 nwvo of the starting materials Note: it is not necessary t0 include mechanistic dctail or cul anows pant of your anSW ch;

Outlinc thc synthetic stcps for the preparation of the semissnthetic penicillin shown bclow starting Gom 6-aminopenicillanic acid (stucnure page Include foW answcr the synthetic steps tic prcparation of te side chaiu precursor using phenol and cbloracetic acid a5 nwvo of the starting materials Note: it is not necessary t0 include mechanistic dctail or cul anows pant of your anSW ch;



Answers

Suggest starting materials for the preparation of the following alcohols using a Grignard reagent as one precursor. In each case, state how you might make the Grignard reagent: (a) 2-methylpropan-2ol; (b) heptan-1-ol; (c) pentan-2-ol.

Explanation for the question Here for part A is to all and it's positive. Goes Y a Treasury Kerr, Binyam Carbon IAM Mine giving or It's a stage but days too. Second carbon in chain Yes City Leo Slaked You've audition to Cairo Inter Marie. It is required, but to is, it's all C l two. It's required and answer for party territory. Do you trial beautiful? I'll die Mittal Sileo and be you poor and F.

So this question wants us a just a mechanism of action for sole Faneuil a meid A drug used to treat bacterial infection before antibiotics. Um, and they want us to consider this mechanism of action given that the inhibitory effects of self Anil Abel ID can be reversed. Um, with para amino benzoate. So consider for a moment thestreet feature of full ic acid a precursor to touch a hydro For lead Inter call that Tetra Hydro full eight. The metabolically active worm before, like acid is a carrier for, um, single carbon groups. And it plays an important role, Um, in the formation of hearings. So bacteria synthesize folic acid from, um a para amino beauty uric acid and the remnants of this para amino butyric acid you can still see in the structure of folic acid with the param you know, Ben's OIC acid ring. Um, given the data, we can infer that soul Faneuil lied interferes with folic acid synthesis. Um, likely targeting thebe para amino benzo acid ring, um, and interfering overall with amino acid bio synthesis. Um, we know that soul finally meid targets the para amino benzak acid ring because, um, if so, final mind Where to target this ring treating with, um, Pere amino benzoate restores, um, the bacteria and allows it to continue producing folic acid. So So Faneuil mind interferes with folic acid synthesis.

You here. The question is what's striking? What deals are needed to prepare each drug using deductive and mission. You don't do ammunition. Do all possible bear circum bones when more than one route is possible. So in case off reductive ammunition, no cover. Also needed. One is God. Renee group is needed. And second is amino group is needed. Amino group is needed on by that, only the doctor and mission is possible and the product is formed. So in case off E, we have to select one Carbonell compound and run a mean for this, sir. Perfect for mission. And, um, this is family. I mean, so I mean should be fun. One combination is only possible that this one is only I should be taken, which is coming from here World, bro Orient and should be ammonia and second year Dent, where the cardinal goodness visit. So in that case, the product should be the Deacon Jones and reactant combination is one is ammonia and 2nd 1 is this compound. This whole group is not disturbed. And this bird, when we take you and hear Carbonell group must leave. Is it? So? I only want what's in the deal this took a bar should be taken for making a buy A digital image Where is in thistle be? There are two possibilities because it is second G. I mean so born for mission can take this here and by that we need duty Intense one is containing the engineering After that which group is not disturbed? Meeting group will mincing And here it should have the cardinal and I mean medium for decision should be And it's doing tank So it should be me tail me So this is one combination off combines needed for the formation of being only king. And second is when Jason is coming from all this whole group. That means this Bun's injuring William in scene and this Meet a group which group and here it should have the manage to cook. So this is one big tent and secondly, didn't is Carmichael born, which is the only one carbon. So the positivity is for maybe eight when formerly heard is radiating with this compound, you can expect be by a little English

Suppose we want to synthesize this key tone by using Dhi Qar box elation. Well, how would we go about doing this? Well, we know that one of the starting products must have heat must, uh, heat. This really depends, but tip depends on the molecule, but typically it's between 101 150 degrees Celsius. But we're just going to denote it has a triangle labeled as heat and well, another key aspect is that it must be Beta Carbonell, which basically means that whatever we're trying to get rid of, if it's d card box elation, which means we're heating a Carmack Selic acid that also has another carbon eel in the beta position, which means that we had our carbon carbon, the carbon adjacent would be Alfa and the carbon next to it would be beta. And that will be what we're looking for is beta Carbonell. And if we're starting or if we want to make a specific key tone will call that are beta carbon eel and, well, keep in acid. Right. So the question is, what can we use? Well, we what we can use for the 1st 1 is quite simple. we can make this our Alfa Carbon or we can make that one. Or Alfa Carbon doesn't really matter that much. I'm just going to take this one and just out of car books look, acid. Because when we had heat that car books, like, ask you, I would escape as carbon dioxide gas. How about this one about this example? Well, it would be quite similar to the previous one. We would try to determine what power? Uh, beta carbon carbon would be. We would It would need to be an acid, and it looks like we end with an acid, so it'll have a die carb oxalic acid molecule has are starting material. And, well, we really only have one option for Alfa Carbon. So people draw our molecule once again and just connect. Now, if a carbon pretty straightforward, right? How about this one? Well, once again, we have two options for an Alfa carbon to add a carb oxalic acid to we can have this one or this one in this molecule. Both these carbons are identical, so we can pick either one, and it would be perfectly fine. Let's just pick this one. Alfa Beta so we had heat that escapes as carbon dioxide and our cyclo hexane on. And finally, how about this one? Once again, we are making another acid. So we need to start with a dyke. Are bookseller gas and molecule Then we only have one option for our Alfa Carbon. We had heat and we have our products.


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