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D:because Jeff Corwln sald H phenotypic tralt Is ._ QUESTION 9 the population If a plausible explanation of its Iikely 1 L Discovery because all features of the phe...

Question

D:because Jeff Corwln sald H phenotypic tralt Is ._ QUESTION 9 the population If a plausible explanation of its Iikely 1 L Discovery because all features of the phenotype have been shaped by natural selection Channe elfects study has shown that the trait has & function that enhances the fitness of the possessor nave been published in the sclentific literature 1 8

d:because Jeff Corwln sald H phenotypic tralt Is ._ QUESTION 9 the population If a plausible explanation of its Iikely 1 L Discovery because all features of the phenotype have been shaped by natural selection Channe elfects study has shown that the trait has & function that enhances the fitness of the possessor nave been published in the sclentific literature 1 8



Answers

For questions 10–14, match the statements to the items in the key.
Key:
a. multiple alleles
b. polygenic trait
c. pleiotropic gene
d. incomplete dominance

The environment may influence the phenotypic distribution of the trait.

What we call characteristics with increase genetic fitness. A mutations the founder effects. See heterosexual advantage. D adapted freights. E polymorphisms. Okay, so if we just go through these and find them, we should be okay, so mutations these can also genetic fitness or they can be neutral. But that's not what we're looking at. We're not looking at the tip characteristics to founder effect. Super founder effect is when we get a small number of individuals in a new population and they can end up introducing new valuables but can increase in relative frequency compared to where the immigrants came from. As far as a great advantage. This is where the hetero zygotes has a greater genetic fitness of an Eva of the Hamas groups. So we're not again not looking a characteristic that increases fitness. Specifically looking at type of yeah, genetically fits characteristics, adaptive fruits. Well, here is our answer. It's a very general term, adaptive meaning it increases genetic fitness. And polymorphism is where there are several Vienna types in the population stable. Something else is going to be t adaptive rates. It's a very general term, and this is a very general description. Vienna typical characteristics, increased fitness.

This question is asking which term in the key, uh, relates to the fact that in humans there are three possible eels at the chromosome a locus that determine blood type. So you've probably heard of these Aly lt's before they're, um the possible Neil Zehr A b and oh, um, so keep in mind, you will inherit Ah, maternal and paternal copy of each of these jeans, But they're three potential Aly lt's, uh, that could be chosen for for each of these, uh, lo sai. So it's It's interesting to note that A and B are both dominant too. Oh, but then co dominant to each other. So this actually gives us a broad variety of blood types. You can either be type a with the Gina type A or O u b type B with, ah, the males B B or B o. Uh, or you could be, uh, a B, which, if you have both of these co dominantly, lt's or you could be type O if you have the recess of Lille at each locus, so that the take home message from this is that even though there's a single genomic locus that that determines your blood type. Uh, they're actually multiple A wheels that could be present at this locus. So the correct answer, his question is a that there are multiple Aly ls for the, um, blood type locus.

For this problem, we're gonna be seeing five different types of evidence revolution, and we have to mash them with five different descriptions. And if we need to, we can match multiple pieces of evidence with one description. Let's start by defining each type of evidence, we can start with body geographical evidence, which refers to the idea that one ancestor can evolve into multiple different descendant organisms depending on the geographical barriers on the environment. Right, I'm seeing such a wide variety of organisms gives evidence for evolution. Next, we have fossil evidence. This is specifically talking about transition fossils. So if we have organism be as a transition fossil, this fossil might have attributes that are similar to sea as well, a similar to organism a right. And based on this fossil, we can now conclude that boards and a eventually evolved into organism see over time if we didn't even have any links between them before this transition fossil can be evidence for that evolution. Having taken place with biochemical evidence, we're not talking about chemical molecules something like a DNA right, or are in a which we know are present and basically every single organism on This just tells us there must have been a common ancestor at some point that evolved into every organism we know of today just because they all contained in a This is a similarity between every single organism we know off, right, and now we're looking at anatomical evidence. Next right, Anatomical evidence. This usually refers to home a locus structures, right, something like a bat's wing and a human's hand or arm and hand. Both contain the same types of bones. Excuse my drawing skills. Despite being very different in function, they pretty much have the same types of bones inside of them, which tells us that they were related. At one point they had a common ancestor on that they both of balls from now finally talking about developmental evidence. This usually refers to embryos and their stages of development in which we can see very, very similar structures in the early stages of development, the idea of a head and a tail, and then the pharyngeal pouches. These are all common structures in most embryos. We can think of a fish embryo, a human embryo, cow embryo. All have thes these common features on that's evidence for them, having evolved from one common ancestor. Now, for our first description were thinking, Is it possible to trace evolutionary ancestry with this piece of evidence? Now for bio geographical evidence? It is not simply because there's nothing that lets us say or in some see might have evolved from organism A. We simply know that B and C are different from each other, right? But for fossil evidence, it is possible to trace ancestry simply because we can say OK, the presence of a transition fossil allows us to link Or is it a as the ancestor off organism see, and similarly, for biochemical evidence, the presence of DNA or another molecule like Arna within every reason we know off gives us an insight into a previous ancestor that is shared by all of these organisms. So that traces the ancestry right? Same thing with anatomical evidence. If there are whole logos, structures present within different organisms, this gives us a clue as to their ancestor that it was a common ancestor. At one point, they all shared, and finally, the elemental evidence, once again, seeing these similarities within the embryo tells us yes. At one point there was a common ancestor, and we can trace which foreigners and shared an ancestor based on their development of their embryos. Nice. We're talking about a group of related species. If they have home a locust structures, this should instantly just scream out anatomical evidence, right, Because that's pretty much the center point of this idea that if they have home locals Homa like structures, Excuse me? They're anatomically linked to one ancestor. We can also be talking here about fossil evidence because a lot of the time we're gonna be seeing Homolka structures in fossils and seeing something like the bone structure. And a fossil can link an ancestor to modern creatures like humans bats, whales that I'll have this whole infrastructure. And finally, we're talking about developmental evidence as well, simply because within developments of embryos, something like the tail of the embryo right here can actually be considered a home, a local structure, and it can be used to link to organisms to one common ancestor. Next we talking about molecules and all living organisms, and I want just to draw some attention to the word molecules. This always tells us that there's gonna be biochemical evidence. It's pretty much saying this is biochemical evidence because of molecules like DNA and RNA. And it's not gonna be much, pretty much any of these other types of evidence because we're talking specifically about the molecular scale. Whereas these other types of evidence look at a bigger picture. They look at, like a larger scale, the whole organism, the whole structure, etcetera, etcetera. Next, we're gonna be talking here about all vertebrate embryos have firm Jill pouches. Once again, embryos right is the key word in this question to pay attention to this usually talks us tells us rather about developmental evidence. Right. And if we're looking at their embryos that rapidly developed from stage to stage, this is evidence of evolution. If they have these structures, Fanjul pouches right, shared between their early stages. And it's also anatomical evidence, as we mentioned before, right? Something like these pouches that are brought up can actually service on the locus structures. So that's another form of anatomical evidence we have here. And for the final description, we're talking about transitional fossils, right? Keyword here again. And of course, this draws a link between this description and fossil evidence, right? Major groups of organisms can be linked to a common ancestor simply through these fossils, right? And if we're specifically talking about these fossils, there's pretty much no other form of evidence, so we can link it to, not even as comical, just because it's specifically only referring to the fossils. They're not talking about ho Malaga structures or anything else on DSO. For this final answer, it will only be false evidence.

For this problem, we're gonna be seeing five different types of evidence revolution and we have to mash them with five different descriptions. And if we need to it, we can match multiple pieces. That is, with one skirt. Let's start by defining the shape of evidence, we can start with baijiu raffle evidence. We're sure Versi had you that one ancestor can evolve into multiple different Senate tourism's depending on the geographical barriers on the environment. Right. I'm scenes that a wide variety orders and skips evidence revolution. I actually have fossil evidence. This is specifically talking about transition fossils. So if you have orders and be as a transition fossil, this fossil might have after news that are similar to sea as all this similar to the orders in a right. And based on this fossil, we can now conclude that or is it a eventually evolved into orders and see over time if we didn't have any links between before this transition fossil can be evidence for that evolution. Have you thinking place with biotin Glovis? We're not talking about chemical molecules, something like D N a right or or in a which we know our president and basically everything organism on. This just tells us that must have been a common ancestor at some point that evolved into every organism you know of today. Just because they all contained in is similarity between everything or is, um you know, right now we're looking at anatomical evidence. Next, right, as I'm loving it is a seizure. First Homolka structures, right, something like a bass swing at a human's hand or arm and hands. Both contain the same types of bones. Excuse my drum skills. Um, despite being very different in function, they pretty much have the same type of bones inside of them. Which tells us that they were laid off when they had a common ancestor on that they both of all, from now finally talking about developmental evidence. This usually refers to embryos on their stages of development in which we can see very, very similar structures in the early stages of development. That idea of a head and a tail on the Feras yield houses. These are all common structures in most everyone. We can think of a fish embryo, a human embryo cow. Every will have these the's common features on that's evidence for them, having evolved from one common ancestor for our first description were thinking, Is it possible to trace evolutionary ancestry with this piece of evidence? Not for bio geographical? Of this? It is not simply because there's nothing that unless a se or isn't see my head of all from origin A. We simply know that B and C are different from each other, right? But fossil evidence it is possible to share his ancestry simply because we can say OK, the presence of a transition fossil allows us to link or is a as ancestor over residency. And similarly, for about a chemical evidence, the presence of D n A or another molecule like Arnie within every reason we know off gives us an insight into a previous ancestor that is shared by all of these organisms. So that traces ancestry, right? Same things, anatomical evidence. If there are whole lotus structures president within different organisms, this gives a clue as to their ancestor that it was a common ancestor. At one point, they all shared and finally, the elemental evidence once again, seeing the similarities within the embryo tells us yes, I won't point. There was a common ancestor, and we can trace wish pores and shared an ancestor based on their development of the remember is yes, we're talking about every people is easy is if they have home longer shockers. This should instantly just scream out anatomical evidence, right? Because that's pretty much the center point of this idea that if they had formal levels home, alive structures excuse me, they're anatomically linked to one ancestor. Um, we can also be talking here about fossil evidence because a lot of the time we're gonna be seeing almost structures in fossils and seeing something like the bone structure. And a fossil can link an ancestor to modern creatures like humans bats, whales. And I'll have this whole infrastructure. And finally, we're talking about the elemental evidence as well, simply because within developments of embryos, something like the tail of the every all right here can actually considered a holding structure. And it could be used to the link to organisms to one common ancestor national talking about molecules in all living artisans. And I want just to draw some attention to the world molecules. This always tells us that there's gonna be biochemical evidence. It's pretty much saying this is biochemical evidence because of molecules like DEA already that it's not gonna be much of any of these other types of evidence because we're talking specifically about the molecular scale, whereas these other types of evidence look at a bigger picture. They look at, like, a larger scale. The whole world is in the whole structure, etcetera, etcetera. Next, we're gonna be talking here about over embryos have firm jewel pouches. Once again, everyone's rate is that he were in this question to pay attention to this. Usually Fox's tells us rather about developmental evidence, right? And if we're looking at their embryos that rapidly developed from stage to stage, this is evidence of evolution if they have these structures. Virgil apologies, right, shared between the early stages, and it's also an example of it is as remission before, write something with these pouches that are brought up can after service onlookers structures. So that's another form of anatomical habit, as we have here on for the final description, we're talking about transitional fossils, right? He were here again and, of course, is draws a link between this destruction and fossil that is right measure of the organisms can be linked to a common ancestor simply through these fossils. Right? And if we're specifically talking about these fossils, there's pretty emotional the form about it, so we can link it to not even as home cultures, because it's specifically only refers to the fossils there, not about family structures or anything else s o. For this final answer, it will only be false 11.


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