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Plants convert carbon dioxide to glucose by the following reaction:COz (g) H,O ()CoHizOo (s)Oz (g)Rewrite and balance this equationpoints)Calculate how much (grams)...

Question

Plants convert carbon dioxide to glucose by the following reaction:COz (g) H,O ()CoHizOo (s)Oz (g)Rewrite and balance this equationpoints)Calculate how much (grams) oxygen would actually be produced if 1.37 x 10+ grams Of carbon dioxide reacts with percent yield of 63.4% ([0 points) Hint: Find the theoretical amount shown and use the % yield to calculate how much is actually madeGirams of Oxygen Produced

Plants convert carbon dioxide to glucose by the following reaction: COz (g) H,O () CoHizOo (s) Oz (g) Rewrite and balance this equation points) Calculate how much (grams) oxygen would actually be produced if 1.37 x 10+ grams Of carbon dioxide reacts with percent yield of 63.4% ([0 points) Hint: Find the theoretical amount shown and use the % yield to calculate how much is actually made Girams of Oxygen Produced



Answers

Calculate the percent yield in the photosynthesis reaction by which carbon dioxide is converted to sugar if 7.03 grams of carbon dioxide yields 3.92 grams of $\mathrm{C}_{6} \mathrm{H}_{12} \mathrm{O}_{6}$. The equation is $6 \mathrm{CO}_{2}$ $+6 \mathrm{H}_{2} \mathrm{O} \rightarrow \mathrm{C}_{6} \mathrm{H}_{12} \mathrm{O}_{6}+6 \mathrm{O}_{2}$.

In this problem. We need to first right down the botanist equation for the photosynthesis reaction. If we have seen since his reaction, these the reaction between carbon by York site Aunt Water to produce glucose, which is sick. C six 8 12 06 on oxygen. Okay, so this balance these reaction six carbon here, six carbon here, 12 hiding here to here. We need a six year 12 plus 6 18 Oxygen six. Boxing here. We need close more. We put a six year. We are told that there is a mix or the plant has available for this reaction. 88 grounds off carbon dioxide on 64 grounds of war. We have to first determine after writing the violence equation. This is question A. After writing the balance equation, we need to determine which one is the limiting reactor to determine the limiting reactant between carbon dioxide and water. We need to stab village. The more racial between these two reactions on, we have six moles off. Carbon dioxide reacts with six bowls of water. Okay. And the racial is here six months off. Carbon dioxide reacts with six moles off water. However, this mall Rachel is not enough. We need to convert this more racial to grants. Okay. For that, we want to ply by the more mass off each of these reactors. In the case of carbon dioxide, he's 12. Which is the massive carbon dioxide, the atomic weight of carbon dioxide. Plus two times 16 there, Tony. Rate of oxygen in the case of water is too. Times one plus one is the atomic weight of hydrogen. Close 16 betterment. Weight off oxygen. Okay, most with counsel. And then we made these leader calculations. And the denominator we have 44 is a mask off carbon dioxide. I'm gonna Right here on their massive order is 18. 44 times six, 264. Andi, 18 times six. One way. Okay, one boy gross and goes. So these racial equals 264. Divided by one Wait is two point 44 experimental racial in which these two reactors are pressing in the plant. These 88 grams divided by 64 grounds. Okay on that. Racial bees 88 divided by 64 1.37. So these racial is smaller, right? Does the theoretical racial on the state geometric mass. Rachel, these Rachel must be the same. You want both reacting completely, reacting their reaction. So we need to make the experimental racial larger right closer to two point 24. Just only 1.37 didn't. The way you make this larger is by increasing the amount off carbon dioxide. We need to increase the amount off carbon dioxide to make this racial this experimental Rachel equal to the theoretical, racial, racial or historic, committed racial. Therefore, carbon dioxide is the limiting reaction. Because he's the one that we need to increase. There is not enough. Okay, Next, which one is therefore the access reacting is water. Water isn't access. I'm going. See, we need toe answer. A. Well, see is exactly to determine the excess reaction. And then India is to calculate by how much piecing access. So the axis reaction these water. Okay, John Indy, we have to determine their masking access off water for determining how much water we react. These racial. So this is there the amount that we react right? Carbon dioxide will completely react because they're limiting reactor on. We don't know how much of this will react What we know is that 88 brands that will completely react over the young non amount of water that will react this one down here has to be equal to this racial, which is 2.44. Therefore, the amount of water that react these 88 divided by two points. 44 on what we've got These 36 grounds off water react. Okay. Therefore, the access off water, he's 64 which is the amount that is present minus the amount that react, which is 36 on this equals to 28 grants. Okay, so again, these 28 grams piece the amount of water present minus the amount of water that reacted good. The last question e he's, ah, how much glucose is produced so we can use either carbon dioxide or water because we already know how much off each of these reactive we know that 88 grams of carbon dioxide reacted with 36 grounds of water to produce X amount off blue goes so we can use. We can establish the ratio between either carbon dioxide or water and glucose. So let's use carbon dioxide. So the molar ratio is six more off carbon dioxide will produce one more off Coco. And that's what we want right here. Six moles off carbon dioxide. We produce one more off locals on. We need to convert these more Rachel in tow. Mass. Racial. Okay. We need to multiply by the motor mask off carbon dioxide, which is 44 is up here. 24 grams per mole on Dhere, we multiply by the molar mass off glucose, which is six times 12 atomic weight off carbon plus 12 times one, the atomic weight of hydrogen plus six, six times 16. You told me weight off boxing, and this is grant sperm. Oh, we already know the numerator 16 44. We're ready, having calculated here to a 64 grams, 264 grams. And then we have to figure out these a denominator when I do that right away. Six times 12 On it is 180 grounds. So 264 grands off carbon dioxide. We're producing 180 crams off glucose. Okay, that's the case when 88 grams of carbon dioxide react. How much glucose do we produce? And we just sold for the X here. And the answer is 60 grams of glucose I produce

Answer for part day. The balanced care equation can be written is six c 02 and yes, you stayed. Plus six is to all in the good state toe form products C six h 12 or six glucose in adverse state plus six months off oxygen molecules in Yes, yes, did Yeah. Cancer for part B behave co two into 88 divided by 44 point 01 is equal to two. And here is to into 64. Divided by 18.2 is equal to 3.55 So these are the conversion to malls. And next we have to compare mole ratio. Mold ratios are here. We've two more off co two carbon dioxide divided by 3.55 more. Love is dual compared to yeah, six small of co two divided by six mol of H 20 Yeah, in here since, uh, the actual ratio he's lis, then they needed racial right of then c 02 Is he really meeting reactant? Thank you. So the answer is co two is a limiting reactant. Yeah, Yeah. What answer for Parsi Seems be no from uh huh. But be Yeah, that C 02 is still limited. Reacted. Okay, that means is to all is the excess reactant. Wait. Okay, so the answer is is too easy. Access reacted. Yeah. Answer for party here. We have to converse your to two moles off each to all here, too. In 26 divided by six is equal to two. And next we have to convert toe Graham. Selfish too. So we have two in 2. 18.2 is equal to 36. And next we have to calculate e access. So here, 64 minus 36. Is it for 2 28? So the answer is 28 ground solution forward e mhm, right. A proportional grams of carbon dioxide to glucose. So here 88 grandma co two divided by eggs. C six is 12 or six. Will cause is it well too? 264 Grandma C 02 divided by 1 80 Grandma glucose C six vegetables or six. So next we have cross multiply to find eggs here. So here, 88 graham off Coatue into when 80 g off glucose and divided by to 64. Grandma co two is equal to 60. Grandma C six is 12 or six will cause what? So the answer we got here is 60 ground grounds off glucose C six the student 46 Uh huh.

All right. So for this question were given the following unbalanced chemical reaction were given that we have one gram of glucose given that were asked to find the theoretical yield. Ingram's CEO, too, or it's the first week of balance. This reaction and seeing his glucose and carbon dioxide are only sources of carbon. We know for one more glucose front need six co two's and glucose and water also are only sources of hydrogen, so we know we're gonna need six waters to get 12. Hydrogen is on each side. From there, we can balance out the oxygen. So we know we have 18 oxygen's on the product side and only eight on the react inside. So we're also going to have to multiply our oxygen oxygen by six to know its balance. We couldn't fundamental moles of glucose were given from one gram and then we can convert using our coefficients t 02 to find the mass CO two, that will be our theoretical You all right. So one more glucose has a mass about 180 grams and for every more of glucose we get six moles, carbon dioxide and for every mole carbon dioxide there about 44 grams. So theoretical yield The mass of our product will be 1.4 66 grams of CO two.

To answer this question. The first thing that we need to recognize is that the photosynthesis reaction is not balanced. So if we balance it, we see that there are six moles of water for every one mole of glucose. This will be important in our calculation as we convert our grams of water, two moles of water using the molar mass of water, 18.1 grams. And then we convert the moles of water. Two moles of glucose knowing that there are six moles of water required for one mole of glucose and then moles of glucose to massive glucose multiplying by its molar mass. And we get 50 grams glucose as a theoretical yield, the answer being be.


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