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Total Marks:EXPERIMENT 6. Properties of Halo alkaneWrite down any example of primary alkyl halide? mark )Write down any example of secondary alkyl halide? mark )Wri...

Question

Total Marks:EXPERIMENT 6. Properties of Halo alkaneWrite down any example of primary alkyl halide? mark )Write down any example of secondary alkyl halide? mark )Write down any example of tertiary alkyl halide? mark)Why must the sodium hydroxide be neutralized before adding silver nitrate solution?marks)Write down the type of 2-bromo-2- methylpropane"? mark)Write down the equation when haloalkane is warm with sodium hydroxide solution in mixture of ethanol and water? marks)

Total Marks: EXPERIMENT 6. Properties of Halo alkane Write down any example of primary alkyl halide? mark ) Write down any example of secondary alkyl halide? mark ) Write down any example of tertiary alkyl halide? mark) Why must the sodium hydroxide be neutralized before adding silver nitrate solution? marks) Write down the type of 2-bromo-2- methylpropane"? mark) Write down the equation when haloalkane is warm with sodium hydroxide solution in mixture of ethanol and water? marks)



Answers

(a) One test for the presence of an alkene is to add a small amount of bromine, which is a red-brown liquid, and look for the disappearance of the red-brown color. This test does not work for detecting the presence of an aromatic hydrocarbon. Explain. (b) Write a series of reactions leading to para-bromoethylbenzene, beginning with benzene and using other reagents as needed. What isomeric side products might also be formed?

I'm going to look at the reactivity of some of the main group elements of the periodic table. Fastly we are investigating bro mean that is able to react with acquia sodium hydroxide. The starting materials are br two up to an A. O. H. And the products we get from this reaction r B R minus that br minus At H 20. At two and a plus. The second example, we have hydrogen bromide gas that can form when sodium bromide is heated with phosphoric acid. So sodium bromide and A B. R. Is a solid at phosphoric acid, H three P 04 That gives us HB. Are at N. A. Plus At H two. p.-. So that you can see that we have the starting materials on the left hand side of the arrow, and then we have our products on the right hand side.

Taking a look at our Kean's on all kinds. So this sort of chemistry is rather interesting, or Calkins, and are all kinds serve as an area of electron density that can often act as a nuclear file. So what we're doing here is we're taking our starting material, so we have a bro mean, that's very good leaving group. So this should offer some insight as to what might happen. So, using our re agents, we can't generate two different products, so you can see that in our first run we have a tetra substituted product. Whereas we have a DI substituted product. So are more Substituted is more stable on will be the major product. So we do have one more example. Here we can draw our starting material, and under the conditions that we are given again, we can have two different products where the double bond funds between two different carbons. So here we have, the more substituted on the left hand side and the less substituted double bond on the right hand side. So, therefore are more substituted. Double bond is more stable and therefore the major product, whereas are less stable. Product will be the one with delete less substituted double bond and will be the minor product

Okay, so the rest of the ai Summers of a five card exchange with an alcohol attached to it. So the first one, we could start by putting alcohol at the end of the five carbon chain and then just move the alcohol to putting it on carbon too. And then carbon three, so we can't put it on this carbon. Otherwise it would be to pattern all already have the structure right here. Nothing we can do is decrease carbon chain by one. So I'm gonna use Vietnam putting alcohol are there first and putting another group right here, we can't put the method group right here because um it would be to Patna 12345 I already have the structure. Sure, I'll see you right there. So leave the alcohol, move the method group, this will be 12123 and that's all we can do there, we can move the alcohol now to put the alcohol method on the same carbon doing that and also having the method group. So this is gonna be the alcohol, his party over the method group. This is going to be three metal and it's to Vietnam as opposed to this one, which is actually have mindsets, 70 is the other one. So if you're in the So I think we can decrease the carbon chain once more to three carbons and put the alcohol at the end. And then if we put too much groups on this carbon, So this is gonna be 22 dimethyl and we now have Europeans this week. Broken all or one criminal. So I'll give us the customers with a dozen eight which ones are primary Secondary Research. Your alcohols. It's a primary alcohol is one where the carbon it's attached to the alcohol is attached to only one of the carbon. It's gonna be primary. So I attached to this methylene group and the secondary, This carbon is attached to CH three and the methylene group. This is going to be secondary as well, this primary primary, and so I'm going to paris to refuse this carbon statute to two method groups, as well as the african operator. This will be secondary, even though this carbon attached to a metal, this carbon is only attached to two groups, and this one is going to be primary as well.

You know the test to distinguish between different sets of combos. The first one Vendela mean on bent America. Until I mean on Bente made see or and it's too happen to me each other things A chill it dissolves in a chill bombing. These all right? In the three plus? Yeah, minus While Sorry we water started. But if it district, it still does not react with water. Not sorry do next development on for Pelevin I lead I mean And its floor. Yeah, profile. I mean element, but he actually threw me act grooming Let's go. We are And we are but so legalizes He terrorizes well me What? Properly I mean, does not have any reaction with government if not irradiated. You know they're related by you'll be like the third set of composed. The third set is hey, our ability A little. Yeah, and he types I mean, in this case, the king's birth test. It's the best that's for this. The fire accord. English. Yes, it's the first of Indian supporting the glory product. 40 and explore. Yes, but so concealed They It's great and it's s four. So they are. This is soluble and swimming in transit. Yeah, which the concepts really insult at this place. She says the move on any question to learn in the case off and you tell any of you Thank you. Also precipitated it are escort Oh, steel before and s photo. Yeah, on this instantly Prospects it is not celebrating in water. Let's just begin his work just that is secured properly. I mean, on site Pretty next come police cyclo exclaiming on my building like you can feet psychological Amine is a primary amine So it reacts with when Jim telephoning chloride That's what we're here and form and it's let's go to be it on This is horrible. In Sudan we talk. See new ways on the same is not Oliver. When we take Cyclone, tell me, uh Piper Review So I didn't react with the It's adult. He and s four b h the bomb in export opiates. This is a precipitate it That's not at all in water on also, it is invaluable in al Qaida. The next piece of the combos off building and venting. It means on benzene building a soluble in diluted field. What? The dirty bombs. We really, really implore rated in place and it's blessed. He is minus exhilarating. This does not react. Yeah, that's not no relation with the field. Next we have tried El Amine on development trade people a mean on die inside of me. Okay. Is it painful? I mean, the renewal reaction victory. I agree. Certainly a story. Why they tell me And it they created, supported, delayed. So the field and former recipe they are It wants a bit with it and in solitary, including he got sick, right? We have psychological. I mean, on a meeting. Thank you. I mean and immediately. And it's true on an illness, Everybody and the school? Well, no, I really didn't mean right. I mean, performed a resilience old on farms diet When treated it any No do and it's healed. It will form into zeal. I didn't read 50th year on this. When treated with, we cannot sort it bombs and I beating up thought boys, it's a red light. I mean, that's not give any direct action, but it warms the Riyadh's with the unions and form to the union sword, but immediately decomposes. And then you go to it feels will form the Nigerian sort. And do you feel on this? Will decomposing motor no stable to form the clothes that are going on my own? Yeah. Onda, uh, there'll be no really committed with bacon after no reaction, Nothing. The next £1 is, uh, type of right profile. Ammonium glory on the truck profile. Ammonium chloride that try prepare the money. Employees reacted. I was so Lehman Proxy, uh, try propelled a money and glory. Thanks. Profile, Monium Glory and the proposal. Uh huh. Uh huh. Kai provide a medium grade and textural profile. Ammonium chloride, attracted by ammonium brought it now. Here they tried purple ammonium reaction that could starting with Dr and used water in celebrate, actually, I mean Well, so this reacted. That was and yet wait on forms the tertiary amine insoluble in water. What is this? The proposed ammonium bomber That's not react with sort of a drug safe. Of course. William Mitchell said it will come with it. No reaction. We truly Mitchell said week and noise. Nobody actually can hear words. I'm It remains Oliver. It remains solid. Will, After treatment. He told him adultery after taking it sodium. Okay. Uh, the top profile ammonium chloride on Tetra proper ammonium hydroxide. It's a top, replied ammonium chloride. It's one only it will provide the money. Employees is dissolves in water. Giving neutral solution yes, sincere minus. It forms a neutral solution in water neutral solution in work mining. Hello. They attacked palimony, which also desires and water to give a strongly basic solution. And it is the hydraulic said it dissolves in water to give a highly basic solution. Boy blindness. In fact, the associates in the positive and negative ions and there'll be high, constant left avoids wine is inside, and that makes a basic solution that forms a basic solution.


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