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What is super acid? Provide an equation indicating the synthesisof a superacid. How will you synthesize HNO3?...

Question

What is super acid? Provide an equation indicating the synthesisof a superacid. How will you synthesize HNO3?

What is super acid? Provide an equation indicating the synthesis of a superacid. How will you synthesize HNO3?



Answers

Give a simple definition of an acid.

So an acid based reaction is a reaction between an acid in the base where an acid produces hydrogen ions in solution and a base produces hydroxide ions in solution and the products of an acid based reaction are going to be salt plus water. So if you look at a general equation and acid could be wearing his H X, where H is lost is the hydrogen ion in solution and X is the an eye on plus a metal hydroxide. So any M O h, where m is a metal and this is going to react together was the hydrogen from the acid combines with the hydroxide from the base and then the metal cat eye on combines with the an ion in the acid. So this reaction is gonna be and X plus h two out. So if we do an example, the acid hbr hydra bro make acid reacts with in a o. H. Sodium hydroxide the hydrogen in the hydroxide or going to combine, and then the bromide ion and the sodium ions are gonna combines. That's gonna form n a br plus inch, too. Oh, and these were all a Prius except the water is liquid, and it does not have to be a 1 to 1 ratio. For example, you had a TSH to s 04 plus K o h. Combining together hydrogen and hydroxide, potassium and sulfate. This is going to be if you recall the formula for potassium sulphate up sulfate is going to have to be K to S 04 and then h 20 and you just have to balance the equation.

So now we'll work on problem 13 from Chapter eight. In this problem, we're asked to define or talk about what it's an acid base reaction and give an example. So when acids and bases air mixed, what happens is we have a reaction. How between two groups characteristic groups. So first we have the proton or hydrogen ion from the acid, and that's going to combine with the oh H and I on from the base and those form watcher. So a tip very typical example here would be if we have hydrochloric acid, h c e o an aqua solution, and then we react that with sodium hydroxide, and we get, uh, water, as we just mentioned. But we also get sodium chloride with the ions that are left over.

Here in this question. We have to explain that how the metal react with an s it so yeah. Oh, we have acid. Is hydrogen iodide plus zinc matter informed? I think I died. Yes, it's two guests. So here, is it rigged with metal and reform salt and hydrogen guests. So we can write that as it react with mental into form salt plus hydrogen guess. Mm. Wow.

In this question, we have to define an acid and a base according to luis concept and we have to give in chemical equation to illustrate that answer. Now, according to luis concept, species that can make a coherent mourn by accepting an electron pair from any other species is called a lewis acid. So lewis acids are left on bare except er electron pair except us. And species that can make a government born by donating an electron pair to any other species. It's called a lewis base. So lewis bases are electron pr electron pair governors. So louis Asus accepts electron pair and louis basis donate electron pairs. Now let's write the reaction between borough tribe fluoride and ammonia which produces F. T. B. And a street complex. Here the nitrogen atom of ammonia donates this lone pair of electrons to boron. So here any sti donates the long bearer electron. So it is the Lewis base and beer three accepts that long pair of electrons from ammonia. So be it. Three volunteer for right is the lewis acid, and the slum pair is shared between boron and nitrogen, and they make the boron nitrogen want in that complex.


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