5

The following sequence of reactions cccurs whenever your body breaks down any kind of nutrien-to oo-ain energy Icentify eacn of-nese reacticnsasan oxidation, a redu...

Question

The following sequence of reactions cccurs whenever your body breaks down any kind of nutrien-to oo-ain energy Icentify eacn of-nese reacticnsasan oxidation, a reduction,a hydration, a cehycra-ion;an acid-Oase reaction;a decarocxylation; oran cxida-ive cecarboxylation Onlythe organic reac-ants and procuc-s are shown here:CHz` COOCH COOHO CH- COOReaction 1ReactionHOCOOCOOCH- COOCHz COOCH2 COOCHz COOHO CH COO0=C COO0=C_COOReaction 3ReactionCH COOCH I COOCHz CHz COOCHz COOCHz COOReac-on : Denycrat

The following sequence of reactions cccurs whenever your body breaks down any kind of nutrien-to oo-ain energy Icentify eacn of-nese reacticnsasan oxidation, a reduction,a hydration, a cehycra-ion;an acid-Oase reaction;a decarocxylation; oran cxida-ive cecarboxylation Onlythe organic reac-ants and procuc-s are shown here: CHz` COO CH COO HO CH- COO Reaction 1 Reaction HO COO COO CH- COO CHz COO CH2 COO CHz COO HO CH COO 0=C COO 0=C_COO Reaction 3 Reaction CH COO CH I COO CHz CHz COO CHz COO CHz COO Reac-on : Denycration Reac-0n2 ~Selec:, [Select ] Reduction Reac-0n3 Oxidation Dehydration Oxidative decarboxylation Reac-on < Decarboxylation Acid-base Hydration



Answers

Give an example reaction that would yield the following products as major organic products. See Exercises $22.62$ and $22.65$ for some hints. For oxidation reactions, just write oxidation over the arrow and don't worry about the actual reagent. a. primary alcohol e. ketone b. secondary alcohol f. carboxylic acid c. tertiary alcohol $\quad$ g. ester d. aldehyde

So in this example, we're just looking at a series of chemical transformations while we have our starting material, followed by two intermediates and then one product at the end. So in our first chemical transformation, we observe the d hydrogenation and this is the removal off H two, which take takes us from an Al cane into an Al Keen. As you can see, we have a double bond now and then between the Fast Intermediate on the second intermediate. We are looking at hydration while we have the direct addition off water where we protein 81 carbon on. We have the addition, often alcohol group to another carbon, so you can see we've lost that double bond. However, we now have an alcohol functional group, and then our last step from our second intermediate to our product is an oxidation. While you can see our alcohol functional group is converted into a key tone, this is where our secondary alcohol is in fact oxidized and is called our beats oxidation. And that is because we are performing chemical transformations on the carbon that is in the beater position relative to the other carbon. I'll present in the molecule I've just circled. So looking at a small example here that I've just circled in red we have a carbon I'll that is in fact, a key tone. We have carbons attached. And so the first carbon away from the carbon that is directly involved in the key time functional group is the Alfa Carbon and then moving one carbon father away. We're then looking at the beach, the carbon. So this carbon I've just circled in red. There is, in fact, our beats a carpet, and that is what is called a beater oxidation.

Let's give an example of a chemical reaction that would yield the following product as major organic products. For a to produce a one degree alcohol reaction will be this reaction. Here, Here is our one degree up a home for Be in a produce. See, uh, secondary alcohol on our secondary Alcohol will be like soon. Here's their secondary, aka home for C Defused A to SRI alcohol. This will be ch three c c h Choose Go teach three Answer. Here's air to sri Go home for D or to produce in all the hide the station My all to hide here e were to produce a key tone further oxidation process to yield c h three c c h three on those hairs are key tone produce a car broke cilic acid Another process of oxidation. This will you carb oxalic acid and Fergie were to produce an Esther this yield three Oh si Cover Born Oh ch three plus h 20 And here is our Esther

Hi guys. Problem 50. Access to classified. They're following reactions as addition, substitution, oxidation reduction, elimination or condensation. So, before we going to the actual classification, why don't we throughout the structures off a reactant ce on the correspondent product? In each of these reactions to see how the transformation is actually taking place. In that way, we can have a better feeling off how these rations can be classified. So let's start with. And so we have two poutine post hydrogen to give poutine. So let's try out the structure off to 13. We have that of hydrogen hydrogen. So we have one, two, 34 is too right. Good, because of the number off Hodgins in depend Chain and then in is stays on saturation. Right for this double one in position to it, we were told that ate rats with hydrogen to give Bhutan. So after the reaction, the own saturation is gone. For clearly, we have the Inc off this small molecule into the reactant to give one product. So in addition, reactions we have atoms born dead toe on saturation orto unsaturated compounds to give one product. So this is clearly an addition. Reaction reason being that we have this small monocle split in two. Give atoms which are burned it. Two this unsaturated compound to get rid. Get rid off the on saturation unproduced one product. So the next one is direction off. Propane. This is the right. So we have be direction off. Propane, which is one 23 Where flooring to give to flora. Propane 212 Very well. We have this one too. Well, well on hydrogen fluoride. So this is propane, right? Directing with flooring to give to flu. Prue in on. That's my mark. So from here, you can see that this hydrogen Adam in the reactant it's actually substituted with flooring Atom in the product. Right. So and we end up produce in, um, it substituted, um, product. So remember, in substitution reaction, you have one atom for a group off atom in Molly coup replaced by another atom of group of atoms. So we have hydrogen here, replaced by Florence. So this is a substitution reaction. Right? So the next the next reaction is the reaction off or rather, the conversion off to pro panel two Propane on water. So we have 123 right well want to you? Oh, h So this is to proper No gives propane plus water. So here we have one reactant break in to give two products. So when we have reactant that has some atoms removed from it. I just sent carbon atoms. I mean on additional bond between the carbon atoms. Then that is an elimination reaction on. Clearly that is what is going on here. We have hydrogen would have will itch eliminated from this adjusts and carbon atoms to have an additional bond on DDE, the lost off small molecule. So this reaction is an elimination, actually eliminating water molecule from two proper? No. On in the process, we're actually added a new bond. So this is an elimination reaction on Fine. And we have the reaction off cycle protein plus water says cool Boutin. Oh, that plus water to give Psychlo beautiful you have. Oh, and should we have? So, in this reaction, we have the water molecules pleating us. Oh, ej um this all right on being added to this on such rated parts off the compound us oh, age on edge. I'm getting rid off the double one again. Addition, reactions. My reactions were Assam's. I led to own saturation to could use one product that is such a return, or at least with reduced saturation. So we have this oil rich on this age added to this side off the compound US Ohh and EJ I'm the own saturation is reduced. Two complete saturation to distraction is also on addition, reaction. So this is, um, kind off easy like easier wit classify reactions. These are like their structure. You be able to see clearly what is actually going on.

In problems of the classified each off following organic reaction as substitution, addition, oxidation reduction, elimination or condensation reaction. So this question is from the topic substituted hydrocarbon and their reactions. And the concept behind this question is the addition and substitution reaction. So the first equation is to building and hydrogen so that can form in Putin. So the concept is that the addition reaction is the characteristics property off unsaturated hydrocarbon and thes substitution reaction is the characteristics property off the saturated hydrocarbon. So which contained a single bond so went to Boutin, reacts with hydrogen, then it can form building. So first of all, we write the chemical reaction for this This equation. So to between is ch three ch double bond ch ch. Three. So, basically, this is to Boutin when it rates with the hydrogen, then it can form Boutin. So Okay, so this is good in. So this type off reaction is through the addition reaction, because in this reaction, the hydrogen is added toe. A Trojan is I did, too. The double bond off to Boutin toe form Boutin. Okay. And, uh, the addition reaction is characteristic property off unsaturated hydrocarbon, which contain double or triple bond. Okay, so coming to the party off the question that when propane reacts with the florin, then it can form two floor of propane along with hydrogen fluoride. And reaction is so This is propane. When rates with the flooring that it conformed to flora. Propane, which is which is this? And the hydrogen fluoride is Jeff. Okay, so basically, in this reaction, the substitution can take place. And the flooring replaced one off the hydrogen atom from given hydrocarbon. So flooring at a place one off hydrogen packed, um, from given hydrocarbon in the the extent. And this is also called Hello? Origination off. All cane hell origination off arcane. So substitution reaction is the characteristics property off saturated hydrocarbon. So which contain a single want saturated hydrocarbon. Okay, so this type of reaction is called this substitution reaction. Okay, now, next party off the ocean. Yeah. Is that when to prop panel from dropping and water? So the reaction is so on. This is direction. So this type of reaction, it's called the elimination reaction. So in this direction, small molecule is remote. The small molecule water is removed from the reactant this election is, uh, also called the dehydration direction. So we can see that the dehydration direction because the removal of water can take place in this reaction is also type off elimination reaction? No. In the party off the ocean. When sake law building reacts with the water, then it can form se claw. Burton. All So this is the reaction cycle of building threats with the water. Then it can form cyclo between all which is this or like this. Okay, so in this reaction, water is added to cyclo grouping and form cyclo boot and old. Okay, so this is also the addition direction.


Similar Solved Questions

5 answers
Questionpoints Save Answer Let A be the event that person is elderly Let B be the event that person has poor eyesight: Which of the following is true? The events are not disjoint and are not independent:The events are disjoint and are independent: The events are disjoint and are not independent: D The events are not disjoint and are independent:
Question points Save Answer Let A be the event that person is elderly Let B be the event that person has poor eyesight: Which of the following is true? The events are not disjoint and are not independent: The events are disjoint and are independent: The events are disjoint and are not independent: D...
3 answers
Draw the structure of compound having the mass; IR, and 'H NMR spectra presented bclow: Click the draw structure' button launch the drawing utility
Draw the structure of compound having the mass; IR, and 'H NMR spectra presented bclow: Click the draw structure' button launch the drawing utility...
5 answers
Part 1x2 _ 4 X-2 10,if x +2Let f(x)ifx =2Evaluate the followinglim f(x) X-22(b) f(2)102(c) Which of the following is true about f(x) at x = 2 ? The function has a removable discontinuityPart 2(d) How should one redefine f(2) so that the discontinuity at x = Sa is removed?f(2)2
Part 1 x2 _ 4 X-2 10, if x +2 Let f(x) ifx =2 Evaluate the following lim f(x) X-2 2 (b) f(2) 10 2 (c) Which of the following is true about f(x) at x = 2 ? The function has a removable discontinuity Part 2 (d) How should one redefine f(2) so that the discontinuity at x = Sa is removed? f(2) 2...
4 answers
1.Given the joint probability mass function of random vector (X,Y):Y-0 3/20 1/20Yal 6/20 2/20Y-2 1/20 7/20X-l X-2Find the marginal probability mass functions p(X) and p(Y); the conditional mass functions p(xly 0) and plylx 2). Calculate ElX]; ElYI Var[XI; Var(Yl; covariance Cov(X,Y) and the correlation coefficient pxy Are X and independent or not?
1.Given the joint probability mass function of random vector (X,Y): Y-0 3/20 1/20 Yal 6/20 2/20 Y-2 1/20 7/20 X-l X-2 Find the marginal probability mass functions p(X) and p(Y); the conditional mass functions p(xly 0) and plylx 2). Calculate ElX]; ElYI Var[XI; Var(Yl; covariance Cov(X,Y) and the cor...
5 answers
An object weighing 2000 N and resting - on flat, horizontal floor is pushed by a horizontal force What is the minimum value Of this force to make the object move? The coefficients Of static and kinetic friction between the object and floor are 0.7 and 0.5, respectively:Answer:
An object weighing 2000 N and resting - on flat, horizontal floor is pushed by a horizontal force What is the minimum value Of this force to make the object move? The coefficients Of static and kinetic friction between the object and floor are 0.7 and 0.5, respectively: Answer:...
5 answers
If $q eq 0$ and the equation $x^{3}+p x^{2}+q=0$ has a root of multiplicity 2, then $p$ and $q$ are connected by(A) $p^{2}+2 q=0$(B) $p^{2}-2 q=0$(C) $4 p^{3}+27 q+1=0$(D) $4 p^{3}+27 q=0$
If $q eq 0$ and the equation $x^{3}+p x^{2}+q=0$ has a root of multiplicity 2, then $p$ and $q$ are connected by (A) $p^{2}+2 q=0$ (B) $p^{2}-2 q=0$ (C) $4 p^{3}+27 q+1=0$ (D) $4 p^{3}+27 q=0$...
5 answers
SPECAL7EMconect0 Hz + 2C02#Ht #ouw C204 equation:equation in acidic conditions Phases are optional. ithe Balanceprese M Univers4th Edition General Chemistry
SPECAL 7EM conect 0 Hz + 2C02 #Ht #ouw C204 equation: equation in acidic conditions Phases are optional. ithe Balance prese M Univers 4th Edition General Chemistry...
5 answers
Why does the energy of characteristic $x$ rays become increasingly greater for heavier atoms?
Why does the energy of characteristic $x$ rays become increasingly greater for heavier atoms?...
5 answers
Let the part of the cylinder $x^{2}+y^{2}=a^{2}$ between the planes $z=0$ and $z=h$ be parametrized by $x=a cos heta$ $y=a sin heta, z=z .$ Apply Eq. (8) to show that the area of this zone is $A=2 pi a h$.
Let the part of the cylinder $x^{2}+y^{2}=a^{2}$ between the planes $z=0$ and $z=h$ be parametrized by $x=a cos heta$ $y=a sin heta, z=z .$ Apply Eq. (8) to show that the area of this zone is $A=2 pi a h$....
5 answers
Given that (b , F 8) is a critical point for the function g (x, y) = 2x3 MIt 3x2y - F 12x2_ Fn 3y2 _ Then b-3 =~2~5~6~3~7E 1
Given that (b , F 8) is a critical point for the function g (x, y) = 2x3 MIt 3x2y - F 12x2_ Fn 3y2 _ Then b-3 = ~2 ~5 ~6 ~3 ~7 E 1...
5 answers
2,129,003,189,556,36
2,12 9,00 3,18 9,55 6,36...
5 answers
(a) Determine, without graphing, whether the function has minimum value or a maximum value Find th] minimum or maximum value and determine where it occurs. Identify the function's domain and its range.{(x) =4x2 Ax(a) The function hasvalue .(b) This value isIt occurs atx=(c) What is the domain of f?
(a) Determine, without graphing, whether the function has minimum value or a maximum value Find th] minimum or maximum value and determine where it occurs. Identify the function's domain and its range. {(x) =4x2 Ax (a) The function has value . (b) This value is It occurs atx= (c) What is the do...
5 answers
Show: In any metric space; every open set is a union of open balls
Show: In any metric space; every open set is a union of open balls...
1 answers
Find the dimension of each matrix. Identify any square, column, or rove matrices. Do not use a calculator. $$\left[\begin{array}{rr}-3 & 6 \\7 & -4\end{array}\right]$$
Find the dimension of each matrix. Identify any square, column, or rove matrices. Do not use a calculator. $$\left[\begin{array}{rr}-3 & 6 \\7 & -4\end{array}\right]$$...
5 answers
6) Three capacitors, with capacitances C1 = 15.3 mF,Cz = 1L.6 pE. and C3 = 190.2 nF; are connected t0 & 23.1-V voltage source_ as shown in the figure. What are the charges on capacitor CI C2 and C3?
6) Three capacitors, with capacitances C1 = 15.3 mF,Cz = 1L.6 pE. and C3 = 190.2 nF; are connected t0 & 23.1-V voltage source_ as shown in the figure. What are the charges on capacitor CI C2 and C3?...
4 answers
Construct a table of hourly sun angles for the 15th day of eachmonth for a location of your choice. Also show the sunrise andsunset times for those days.
Construct a table of hourly sun angles for the 15th day of each month for a location of your choice. Also show the sunrise and sunset times for those days....
5 answers
Problem 3) An infinitely large sheet (indicated in blue color in the schematic below) has a charge density &. A conducting slab (indicated in yellow color) is placed above the charge sheet_ Calculate the magnitude and the direction of the electric field in the four regions of phase space in terms of charge density &.Surface charge density -
Problem 3) An infinitely large sheet (indicated in blue color in the schematic below) has a charge density &. A conducting slab (indicated in yellow color) is placed above the charge sheet_ Calculate the magnitude and the direction of the electric field in the four regions of phase space in term...

-- 0.022181--