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1) what are the characteristic functional groups of an amino acid?2) name four functional groups found in the R groups of amino acids.3) what are the characteristic...

Question

1) what are the characteristic functional groups of an amino acid?2) name four functional groups found in the R groups of amino acids.3) what are the characteristic bonds in proteins?

1) what are the characteristic functional groups of an amino acid?2) name four functional groups found in the R groups of amino acids.3) what are the characteristic bonds in proteins?



Answers

How do the properties of the R groups in amino acids relate to the properties of proteins?

So the former functions of protein is, firstly feeding up reaction and and transporting protein well, a structural support and lastly communications.

Okay, So in this question were given a few different functional groups and were asked to determine not only where they come from, but also the type of interaction they conform are. So the 1st 1 noticed that both of these things our, ah, the same and they both come from Sistine. So this is 16 plus 16 eso the types of interactions they conform on. This is my assistant is so interesting by chemically is they can actually form co Vaillant Bonds called Isil five bridges. So die sulfide Ah, bridge is all right and there's actually very important to the structure of a lot of proteins. So next week for part B, we've got what looks like four carbons, followed by a mean so that's gonna be lie scene Ah, with the 2nd 1 is just going to be single carbon and then a carb oxalic acid group us that's going to be, uh, aspirate eight or a Spartak acid. All right, so there, too main interactions that can go on here. Um, no. Noticed that the licenses pro nated and the aesthetic acid is deep rotated. So obviously there can be acid interaction here where you have proton transfer, but you can also have hydrogen bonding appear here on. The reason is that, um, both nitrogen and oxygen or hydrogen bond either donators or accept er's uh so either way, these things they're going to interact relatively strongly. Also for see, we again have something that looks pretty similar to the second half of heartbeat on, and that's because they are similar. This comes from a sparrow gene, which is the company Hamid equivalent of Spartak acid. On 2nd 1 just looks like in alcohol. I believe that is Syrian. Either way again, the interactions that these conform are going to be hydrogen bonding interactions on. The reason for that is like I said last time, you have both an oxygen and nitrogen as well as some hydrogen, which is kind of the ah recipe four hydrogen bonding, if you will, especially in biochemical systems and then for D, we have ah, hydrocarbon. And well, looks like I benzel our final Rather s Oh, this is gonna be veiling. And then I almost gave it away. But since there's a federal group, this is gonna be fennel. I'll need all right, So the types of interactions these conform were actually kind of dependent on the interactions of the protein at large. So obviously these conform London dispersion forces or vendor Waals forces there for all intents and purposes equivalent. Um, but also, these conform, uh, depending on the area around them was called hydrophobic interactions. So hydrophobic interaction. Basically what that is is imagine. I have an area surrounded by a bunch of water molecules. Both of these residues don't really want to interact with the water residues much at all. In fact, they're hydrophobic. They do not like water. So what will happen is these two protein residues will interact with one mother simply so they don't have to interact with water. Eso those are called hydrophobic interactions and are in fact, a very large. It's part of why globular proteins kind of formed the shapes that they do. Ah, and just kind of to break these up a little bit, make sure it's very clear which is which This could draw those lines

In question 14 were asked to destroy describe the basic structure of an amino acid. Then they also asked our amino acids living together to form proteins. So it's one of the first part. The basic structure of an amino acid, an amino acid, consists of one central carbon. It's which are bonded. Ah, hydrogen carb oxalic acid group in the Mean group and another group that's different from all these usually different to say, sometimes called the our group, or sometimes called the side chain. Amino acids link together to form proteins. Bye have tied bonds. What peptide bond is formed when the car box Hill gas, a group of one protein reacts with you mean group of another protein draw the hydrogen separate. When this occurs, one hydrogen and one water react to form wire, which is given off, and then the resulting bond. The peptide bond looks like this. So this is on this side is where one of me amino acid waas, and this side is where the other immune you asked it Waas. Before they bonded together to form the dye pet tied

The question here basically asked what type of functional groups are found in all amino acids? So we know that amino acids are basically have the structure of a carbon with a car Baltzell group, and it also has an amino group on the left hand side, and you have a side chain are with the hydrogen on top. So we're gonna have an amino group, and then we have a car, books, a group to the left and right.


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