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Our atmosphere is composed primarily of nitrogen and oxygen, which coexist at 25 x1cC without reacting to any significant extent. However, the two gases can react t...

Question

Our atmosphere is composed primarily of nitrogen and oxygen, which coexist at 25 x1cC without reacting to any significant extent. However, the two gases can react to form nitrogen monoxide according to the reaction:a. Calculate x1dGx1c and Kp for this reaction at 298 K. Is the reaction spontaneous?b. Estimate x1dGx1c at 2000 K. Does the reaction become more spontaneous as temperature increases?

Our atmosphere is composed primarily of nitrogen and oxygen, which coexist at 25 x1cC without reacting to any significant extent. However, the two gases can react to form nitrogen monoxide according to the reaction: a. Calculate x1dGx1c and Kp for this reaction at 298 K. Is the reaction spontaneous? b. Estimate x1dGx1c at 2000 K. Does the reaction become more spontaneous as temperature increases?



Answers

Our atmosphere is composed primarily of nitrogen and oxygen, which coexist at 25 C without reacting to any significant extent. However, the two gases can react to form nitrogen monoxide according to the reaction:

a. Calculate G and Kp for this reaction at 298 K. Is the reaction spontaneous?
b. Estimate G at 2000 K. Does the reaction become more spontaneous as temperature increases?

So this question wants us. That's age of reaction on the behest of reaction and Delta G A reaction. And we have provided it's these, uh, data so can go ahead and calculate. That's a hate your reaction. And that would be that. It's information off products minus its information off captain. So brothers see choices and nitrogen, and that's a hate affirmation of C 26 is, uh, minus petey Fall 16 Then we have one off warm or lost to six. That's it for six h. This is a mole. What supply by what one sees Marino's it felt fancies. Just call loss that I hate your formation off Talks of hydra gayness One. Is there no one I convinced that this is going a minus? Reactant. We have, ah two most or situation behind. That's a hater. Information off that his mind us sell 2416 This is in a mall and this is just more so Our Hansa would be This is 60 for my safe. Shima Jase. Now we can find out the hiss off reaction, and I will be, um that's a heads off mission. Off situations is 2 to 9 act normal. Okay. Said at one time, you too Ni wants to lost out to herself with the units. This is a mole in the system. Jos. Calvin Waas. Well, either gains one day. T want seven. So you have one of its stems. 12.7 more Just Joe. Yeah, line us judo times. We'll see each fall. He's 12613 jewels from all Kalman. So, uh, this would be 2.2 blows. Wanted to 0.7 minus two times one Hey to 6.3. So this would be minus 12.7 kills. Okay. And then that's a genius would have done the same way the action would be. We have warm or I'll see to a cease much of flying by my mustache too. Why, you you just from all waas one full of ibogaine and I didn t zero Ponzio minus two times two full terms Since which for he's ch forties, minus 55 this is, uh, games for more and it should be she lightness. Thanks, t. So this would be 69 you know, just so that is that for this reaction. So the question is, is this reaction. Spontaneous? Uh, it is. The reaction is not spontaneous. With a change in temperature. Make it spontaneous. Uh, so should a temperature raised on the locker room turned popular Celsius. So looking at these reaction to be spontaneous, don t must be. Must be none of this competition it's with you. Hear that? The Hess is best dancing. A little key. It's created. Answer your assistant us 20 in years. What? This is no spontaneous. Okay. What? And, uh, in prison, the temperature would want to make it spontaneous A SWAT because this reaction is an ex atomic reaction. So because we increase the temperature care, it's not going to make it spontaneous. If it's been defending entry, you get spontaneous. So the next one is, uh, and mystery going Tonto. It's for high again. So you can go ahead and calculates their, um, the doubt. Hey, jj, off the reaction. So doubts a hedge of reaction will be once dude products one and Jewish for and, uh, into each full. He's, uh each information off into each fall is maybe 5.4. So does this one bowl. Times two makes 5.4 killed. Joe's from ole most I'd regain is, you know, minus ammonia is minus. Still have two of his tomb, all times minus 45 white Marinka jobs for more. So this would be the main supply point. Fall, right? She is next. Life was false. So this will be a warning to seven once cheer, you know, Jos. And then we can catch a listed out gf reaction as well. And it should be one times into each fall down to G f. The abstinence wanted tonight might fall 59 months fall this Israel killing Jane spring roll I'd against zero thinking gets here minus two times. Um, industry is, uh, minus 16 points for Cuba, just from minus 16 months for villages from role. And this will give us what did. 94 minus two times my notes. 60 was full. So this would give us one right to wants to Dios. We can go ahead and calculates that doubt ahead. Self reaction and this will be warm times into which war is to t 8.5 Jews. Mole killed ing and hydro game. Haste to gas is, uh Carol Thio, used to gas doubt has formation this Want that 2.7 Thio one takes 2.7 and this is Joe Kevin Times we have war more off AIDS. One hole, minus two times. Familia is, uh, one later. 2.82 times one makes it to want to change use. And this is he wants to. This is to dedicate five loss more than 17 So this is B minus 16 1 to 4. Use a kill. So the question is, will this reaction the spontaneous? I'm looking at this Daddy a G. It's positive on Doctor has his negative. No, this is nuts. And will it be spontaneous? High temperature is this reaction? Ex atomic. So this reaction is, uh, and the thing and that is, uh it needs heat. So that is the case, then increasing the temperature might make right? Nick, it's spontaneous. So because it's, uh yeah, credit that which l will make its wanting you. So this is no spontaneous reaction, because don t he's, uh, great. It does you And that's a has Well, reaction is less than zero. So just not smoke genius. The next reaction is into close oxygen, and, uh, well, look at this reaction we have calculated that age. Oh, yeah, sure. And this should be productive, minus reactant. I should show you have two balls off and home. What's a fly by formation off an old I hate your commission and whole. He's 91.3, you know, just for more. Nine. Us. Well, mission that information off reactant. We have more, more and I've been to gas and two gas. That's energy information is you lost Also, Jane Oxygen. That's a hate information of folks Dennis's issue. So this will be two times made. You won't likely. And that would be 1 82 boy six. You know, Jos then calculates the delta s off reaction us well and Alvy too close off times hand hold out. The has his to 10.8 gives from more counting line US war. More off into into data has is 1 19 116 Joe's more Calvin lost all to to have one more meat times. All right, you have that's full of holes to Candace. Check Dad's. She'll haunt you ox again. Oxygen that's a has his tunes out of five wants to Joe's for more Calvin. So this would give us. So this is two times two. It's minus 1 91.6 Yes, uh, jeans and a life 12 So they should give us joining 4.8 Josphat Calvin Inducted G for reaction. Be two. Oh, you know, uh, Dr G F hole These, um 87.6. It's the snap to live just for mole minus one more into the entries here. Lost Dr Key while oxygen gases and says here. And disagreements, too. Several 0.6 to disobey e 175 points. She and, uh, this this this is, uh, really does. So is this, uh, a spontaneous reaction like we see here the headsets positive. But the death ante is, uh, positive. Greater than zero. So without the handsome standing as his reaction is spontaneous, but it ought to be spending us that piece. Uh, these, uh, reaction. He's, uh, is not spontaneous, but with the data has we have on auction that is reacting with the spontaneous at the particle left and creature. So we have to look on the temperature. Uh, which the chair. Um, I tweeted out g off the reaction. Well, she'll be negative. So, uh, we can find that much. Marta, Callable, we just need to know that this reaction is, uh, no spontaneous at 25 degrees south years. Bet at high a temperature Took the spontaneous almost 20 years. That's 25 degree. See, that's one thing. Yes, not high active. In which case the temperature will be 7362 caliber. That's just a temporary judgments into this. Spontaneous. So here we have, ah, case yellow belly Tosh. Soon so you can go ahead and documents that that's a hate your reaction. And that's what be huh? Two times for passion. Cool, Right that each off Permission of production, right with mindless waters or 36 five. That's buying us. Well, day 2615 Not this. After just a mole loss, we have the most off oxygen that it's been zero a minus cheering also a sham that will be my most every night. To sell 0.7, my must unite to several stand J Moore deci in roles. No district. Give us two. That's far that 65 No, Miss Thio minus. So distribute us from minus 77 seas. Jos Then don't you, uh, yes. Off reaction. Two times. That's a Hesse affirmation of protection. 1 43 on one. That this is a more 1 41 1 Joe's free mole Calvin Waas. Three moles times that has information off all 16. It's, uh, shoes on a flight from to here. Just Yeah, minus tunes. I'm starting Harris. So Nick and I made a mistake here. So this is two more, and we have action walls. So here we should have two more. So k c l So that is to do. I've got the heads off case here that this is wrong. You try just this. So Jules Times? Yes. He held his, uh, 82.6 meter to see still buy more. Kill me. Loss. Oxygen ist three Commission is set to deal 5.2. Yes, from a ll Calvin Mine us to time Stacy L. A. During the a. C. L three. He still won't force to be points 1 44 100 years or more. Count on Mrs District. Keep us two times 216 Loss. Two times 205 points to you. Minus she. So that should give us up for 94. What? It sees you killed don't can go, Iet and calculates that g a reaction as well. That would be no. Sometimes now G information off Casey. Hell, he's, uh oh, my most polls of hate. Quantify minus falls. He hates point by just more. That's a hedge of formation of oxygen with Dr G. A formation of rocks Museo Minus two times Casey and three that is minus 2 96.3 to do more stands minus June 90. The night you met six for you. You know, just for more. And this shipping choose man that's sponsored by my cheek shines Master 96 This will be minus two Jew Fault one for Huges. So is this reaction spontaneous? Yes, it is spontaneous because day, huh? Delta G House and negative and has us positive. Fine. So this reaction is spontaneous.

We have to write the reaction off formation off nitrogen dioxide. So two more off my twin monoxide plus oxygen gives me two more off and 12 dildo itch Have to calculate it. So we have two moons off product two multiplied, with 33 going to kill a Jew. Mine ist we have a total of three moon off reacting. So two multiplied with 91 point three blessed, one multiplied with zero more for oxygen. We have Delta H off the reaction as 116 point to kill a Jew in the same way we calculate the Delta s just by subtracting reactions from the product. Let us start with option. You know, we have to calculate Delta G Value. Uh, 290. It killed me. Delta G is equal to Delta H minus T. Delta is we already have obtained. Delta it until the s substituting in the value we have 16.2 minus 2 98 for temperature multiplied with negative 1 46.6 The Valley of Delta. Jeez, Negative. 72.5. Kill a Jew. Which means the reaction is spontaneous. We have to day do the same for option B. Using the same formula, putting in the value we have. Negative 116.2 minus 715 multiplied with negative 1 46.6 Well, you have Delta Ji is negative. 11 0.4. Kill a Jew. Hence the reaction is spontaneous in option B. Also doing the same for option C. You have negative 116.2 minus 8 55 minus 1 46.6 The value of Delta G for option ist 99.1. Kill a Jew. In this case, Delta G is having a positive value. That means the reaction is known spontaneous.

Here we are. Total Considered every option, Which is to say, the composition of caution. Carbon E Theo produced cash. Um, outside. Uh, this is also Soviet CIA to guess here. So we are Church of Estimates. The doubt Iggy standards along this reaction, huh? That's a different temperatures like that to 98 K. At once. We were like, OK, I wonder a 55144 So we have three different temperatures. We have 2 98 k. We have ah, 1055 k. And, uh, we have one for 55 k. Okay, so how do we go about this? The first would be to calculates they're about to age. Daughter on. That's a hedge for hisself. Uh, and then we can evaluate the delta G hot, steamy French temperatures. So, uh, let's go ahead and do that. So, uh, doubts a hitch up reaction. Well, be that would be so mission. Ah, number of more off products. I want to fly by. Got to hate your formation off the produce. Another brothers. Well, this year problems. So Minas submission number off. Reactors multiplied by letter. Caged under of the formation off reactions. Okay, John. This is just gonna thio Reaction would be forced to products are Cashman's Adam CEO too. So we have Ah, warm bowl of caution months. I don't doubt hate your information of fashion models. Itis minus six 34.9 in the sea. Secular just fall. And this is, you know. Okay. Plus, with this in bracket C 02 we have warm all offense. Much apply by. That's a hater. Information off CEO to his minus 3 93 15 Killer Jews from whole minus. It. Got to hate your information off the reactor. Which discussion ponds that we have one more. Look, it's much of a fly by, um, minus want soon 7.6 killed. Jules mammal. So what we just give us. So this would give us, uh, 1 79 points to kill a jos. You can go ahead and calculates the doubts of hair self reaction as well. This would be, um, the same equation. What suggestive? That's a hate standout information that has done that Information off products. So, uh, just the one times the doctor Hess informational cash. Um, oxide is that hates. Want one Jos from all Calvi. And this is a mole. Okay, loss. One more off Theo to one more times that data. Hesser, formation off. CEO to his tomb. 13 Want Hayes? Um, Joe's more Calvin minus one. Move off. Cash amounts of cash in cabinets and the doctor has information of dot is 91 17 Um, Joe's more Calvin. So what would just give us? So this is it is it'll Pines wants, sees to Joe. She looked Kill me. Yes. We have to come back to kill jobs. Get sad. Got hit your cure. So now we have this permission or daughter age. We have the information for the head. So then we can go ahead to calculate the delta G at different temperatures so it can saved out gf reaction, huh? 2 98 k wouldn't be a course to doubt their age minus c. Doubts ahead which would be wants to add out to hinge. He's 1 79 points, you know, goes my nose. Don't rejoice. Too many decades. Gay multiply by Delta Hess is, uh, 0.160 to Joe's Calvin. And this would give us what's this will give us 1 31 wines. Bye! Here goes now we can go ahead and do the doubt. G hot 1055 calving So Delta G off reaction standard on I should put standard a hair. Okay, that's weird. You know, it's time. Mistake. That's G of reaction. That's 1055 k you cause to doubt a hedge. He's, uh, 1 79.2 killing Jews 17 to 9 point circular Joe's minus Delta minus t is one by five k one supplied by doubt to Hess, which is 0.1, since their security just for counter different wants takes out to cure Joe's counting. So what would this give us? Yes, so this would give us 10.1. Hates nine, which is dumb points choo Mrs Dumpling Choo. 10 point C. Pena goes You can do the calculation for Dr G. Stand out of reaction Hot one for 55 K, one for 55 kids and this A view 1 79 points to kill a Jos minus one for 55 K. What's a fly by there? Deal must fly by zero points 160 to care Jos for Calvin and Disa be once when I choose minus times six. This would give us minus 53 wine. Uh, nine. Wanna know who should be my most 53 points. Nine Kia Jos. Okay, so the question also wants us to predates the reaction that is spontaneous. If we go back to the different temperatures here, Dotty G is positive. So reaction is not sponging. Yes, that's D c United hit cave. You go to, uh, 1055 k. The reaction is no spontaneous. That's 1055 k. Because Dr T is positive reaction to this spontaneous Dr Jean must be negative. And that won't call 55 k. We have a negative 53.9 Killer Joe's there, t So the reaction is 20 Neos has warned. Sold 55 King

We are given with the formation off three moles off nitrogen monoxide. We calculate the standard change in Intel IPI, that is Delta H off the reaction as positive. 159.1. Kill a Jew on dhe. The value off Delta s off the reaction from which we have to determine the gifts. Free energy, the formula for gifts for, you know, just tell Dungy is equal to Delta H minus de de duck iss. We have Delta H Value and Delta s value already determined substituting in those value we have 1 59.1 multiplied with 1000 jule by one kill a Jew. Negative 298 for temperature multiplied with 1 72.3 jewels for Calvin canceling old we have 1077 by 4.6. Jule multiplied with one kill a Jew. Dubai did by How's angel? The value off Delta G for the reaction is positive. 107.8. Hello, Jules. In this case, the reaction will be known spontaneous as the Delta G is greater than zero at a temperature of 298 killed men


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