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What is genetic engineering? What organisms can it beperformed on? Please give an example of at least one successfulgenetic engineering project....

Question

What is genetic engineering? What organisms can it beperformed on? Please give an example of at least one successfulgenetic engineering project.

What is genetic engineering? What organisms can it be performed on? Please give an example of at least one successful genetic engineering project.



Answers

What are the purposes of genetic engineering in agriculture?

For number 20. We have the genetic code. So what I have right here is exactly the genetic code. And, um, this is what we use when we translate or in a sequence to amino acid. So, um, present will we have or in a sequence, a You g cheese. You g. I just kind of made that up right now. Okay, so, um, translation works in triplets, right? So the kind of group into three and each of this Ah, these triplets correspond to a certain amino acid can be found. And this chart. Okay, So for example, we have a u G, which is right here. So we have made thiamine and then see, See, you would be right here. So we have protein, and then finally g a would be right here, which is glassy so. That's how we used this Janet code and hopefully to help

You hear? Asked what different methods were used to help break the genetic code. So we have, for example, the Nirenberg and Much Hey Method, which used home a polymer and co partners method. So that advantage is that they were using a cell free protein synthesizing system which were able to determine the amino acids encoded by each home, a polymer and thus that amino acid specified by the code on this advantage is that it's going to deal the specific sites of only four code owns and the co polymer method, depending on the random incorporation of nucleotides, which did not always happen. And another further problem is that the base sequence here of the code I could not be determined only the basis contained within the code on could be determined, which created also a redundancy of code created due to the difficulties and because of the several different code on specified specifying rather the same amino acids

Number 21 recumbent DNA technology from the word itself. Recombination. So it's recombining DNA from different species. So let's say you have this DNA from I don't know what species that is. But you have this other DNA. And the idea is, um you take a section of this DNA, let's say this part, and you, um, insert it to this DNA, So you're you're gonna end up with a DNA. That kind of kind of looks like this. Okay. And what this does is whatever this organism is that has this DNA, it start creating this protein that didn't used to Great. So this is Danny right here, um, and codes for a specific protein that this organism probably didn't have to begin with. Okay, So one good example would be make, um, bacteria making in Jalin. Right? So bacteria, um, normally doesn't make insulin, they don't need it. They don't have any use for it. But because of this recumbent, any technology, they're able to use it, and we humans could make use of that. It's also largely used in genetically modified organisms or plants that may be then have a gene too. Um, would stand harsh environments. But now they have this gene and they could girl. Well, you've been if there's no ring or something like that, So there you go.

This question asks, What are some characteristics of model A genetic organisms that make them useful for genetic studies. So these model organisms usually are going to have a very relatively short generation time. They will also produce numerous progeny way. Think about a litter of mice going to be one or two individuals like with humans. But we might see upwards of 10 all spring in that letter of mice. They will also be easily manipulated in the laboratory, and finally, they can be maintained and propagated, so grown and, um allowed to have offspring very inexpensively, so those are going to be the advantages of using model organism.


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