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Immunofixation Electrophorisisa. Draw a Diagram a patient with an IgM monoclonalantibody with lamda chains...

Question

Immunofixation Electrophorisisa. Draw a Diagram a patient with an IgM monoclonalantibody with lamda chains

Immunofixation Electrophorisis a. Draw a Diagram a patient with an IgM monoclonal antibody with lamda chains



Answers

Draw a well-labelled diagram of an antibody molecule.

Hello. So let's answer this question. This question is talking about adaptive immunity, invertebrates and how it functions. So there is some key concepts to understand here. In this question, we have a protein shaped like a pencil with an eraser end and a sharp point bend. Each end is an EP itto, so let's draw that out real fast. So we have are round and, uh, around end, and then our pointed end. This is our protein. And let's talk about what is an epi to so an EPA Tope is a small portion of an Auntie Jen that binds to an antigen receptor. An antigen is a large molecule that elicits a response from white blood cells called beer T cells and antigen receptor is where the beer T cells bind to an Auntie Jen. The anti gin itself could be something like a bacterial or viral protein like we have here, so our pencil shaped protein has to epitope or two ends according to our question, where the antigen receptors combined. Um, so let's call our protein a viral protein. It's shaped like a pencil, and it's going to have to epitaphs or places where aunties and receptors combined. As our question says, one end is the erasure end, and it's called, Why? So what's make this Why and the other end? The point end is called Z, and our question says that why connects to a one? Antibodies and Z connects to a two antibodies antibodies air formed by B cells and are y shaped. So to answer the question, we need to draw and label how the antibodies linked to the proteins in a specific way that would cause endo psychosis by a macrophage. So first, before we do that, we have to understand what is endo psychosis by a macro. Feige. So all endo psychosis and um, by a macrophages is a macrophages, a type of cell that eats foreign molecules. And the process of Endo site Assis is how the macrophage eats. It's important to know that a macrophage is an antigen presenting cell, meaning it displays an Auntie Jen that combined to the antigen receptor of a B R T cell. So that's going to be those why shaped cells that we talked about earlier that are going to connect to our protein, the binding of antibodies to antigens on the surface of a bacteria promotes faggot psychosis by a macrophage cell. And Endo psychosis is another type of Fargo psychosis or eating of a molecule or sell. So there are some main factors that are drawing needs to include. To answer this question. First off, we have the pencil shaped virus or bacteria protein. The epic tops on the bacteria or the ends of the bacteria are why the eraser End and Z the point end, which we already have on the screen. Now why connects to a one Antibodies and Z connects to a two antibodies antibodies air formed by B cells and are y shaped not to be confused with the Y end on the screen. So let's draw our antibodies. Um, so let's start with the A one antibody. First we have the end that connects. It's gonna be the same shape as the Y epitope, and then the protein or the antibody itself is y shaped. So let's make it. Why shaped with one other end that could bind to another protein. Now the Z antibodies are going to be the same thing, just with a different end shape, so they're going to have a pointy end shape to match the Z epi tope, and then they are also going to be why shaped? Let's have one other end where it can join another protein, and we can label these. Let's label them a one and a two. Now that we have our antibodies and are protein labeled, there are some other things to consider here. Um, so for the macrophage to come in and perform Endo psychosis, um, the other part of the Y shaped antibody must be present. So the other part of the, um a one or a two antibody needs to basically be on both ends off our protein structure or structure that the macro facial common and, um, engulf by endo psychosis. So the two matching ends of the antibodies must be at the end parts of the drawing. So that's why we need to add another protein that matches the Y and Z Epitope s so that they there are 282 or to a one antibody is present at the end of the structure. So let's go ahead and add that. So we're gonna do our next pencil shaped protein in red. So we start by drawing that here it matches the eraser end and then the pointy end. And so we have. Why NZ and then next we're going to draw are a to antibody. So let's draw it matching here, and it's why shaped. And that is going to be to and this is the answer to our question. So we have all of our structures here that would be needed for the macrophage to come in and perform and Joe psychosis.

Practically strips contains three glisten more attached to three day s. It's so Bittle of Bagram, off Bradley's Reedys Bistro, linked to three is it's.

Person is vaccinated against the disease. And we check back two years later what serum antibody is most prevalent? Is it like a. By G. D. Hi G. E. Kiki. Well I am. Okay so which verbs is going to be most prevalent in the serum? So let's say we can rule out I. G. E. Because that has the shortest half life and that's that's not going to be found in great quantities at all. Next shortest half life is I. G. D. So that's a ways off next then we have a most of us is secreted anyway so we wouldn't be finding it so much in serum. But it has a political path life with only six days. So mostly secreted. Then we have I. G. M. And Aig. So I G. M. Has the next longest half life. Also not found in massive quantities and serum. And finally we have answer I. G. Why are we most likely to find this? Well it has the longest half life and it is abundance in several, even a month after vaccination, this will be for most abundant and serum most likely. So after the i g. M, primary response, we get a slow switch over to a i g, so I g M initially mentally, G two years later, definitely. Argh.

Hey guys, leads to a problem. Tell in this problem we need to do a representation of peptide linkage that holds them in assets struggler in bali peptide chain, and the fact that linkages this one.


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