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Predict the directing effects in each of the following scenarios. Unless otherwise indicated, assume that anything labeled as a deactivator is not a halogen (unless...

Question

Predict the directing effects in each of the following scenarios. Unless otherwise indicated, assume that anything labeled as a deactivator is not a halogen (unless it is specifically indicated as a halogen).(FIGURE CANNOT COPY)

Predict the directing effects in each of the following scenarios. Unless otherwise indicated, assume that anything labeled as a deactivator is not a halogen (unless it is specifically indicated as a halogen). (FIGURE CANNOT COPY)



Answers

Write a general equation for the reaction of a halogen with:
a. a metal
b. hydrogen
c. another halogen

This is the answer to Chapter 23. Problem number 13 Fromthe Smith Organic chemistry textbook. Ah, this problem asks us to draw the products of each of three reactions, and we're told to assume that excess halogen is present. Ah, And so that's important, because the presence of excess halogen means that we're going to get exhaustive halogen ation. Ah, and so basically, every possible Alfa Proton eyes going to be substituted with a halogen. So for a, we have two metal groups on the one Alfa Carbon Eso No reaction can take place there. Ah, and then on the other Alva Carbon, we have two protons on. And since excess bro mean is present, we're gonna get broom in ation twice. Die abomination. Okay, for B, we have four Alfa protons that can react. And so, um, since excess iodine is present, we are going to get reaction at all four of those positions, so we'll get ah, Tetra ia donation. Okay, so that's B S O c eyes, actually a metal key tone. Um, and so instead of, um, I owed a nation which we might expect since it's a metal key tone, we are going to get cleavage. Ah, and so we will end up with a car box Late. I on here. Um And then the other thing that will form Ah will be, um, the tri Oto methane. So Okay, um and so that's the the answer to these three reactions. Eso again? Because excess halogen is present, offer and be will get a substitution of all Alfa pro towns with the halogen. Um, and for sea will get that That cleavage, that iota form reaction. Okay. Ah. And so that is the answer to Chapter 23. Problem number 13.

The Louis stop structure for a halogen. In this case, flooring by itself will have seven veils. Electrons. So 1234567 It has one unpaid electron down here, which means it likes to make one bond in order to fulfill that, um, two pair of that and give it a full I Tet. So this only having this one unpaid electron is why Hala Jin's Onley like to make one bond.

Hi guys in problem 72 were acts too. Draw all the possible moral substituted Products can be obtained from the action off. Maintain where? Chlorine on DDE. All the possible die substitute products from direction off Clinton with foreign. So let's start with the 1st 1 So for the moon Oh, substituted products. We have the action off. Contain off Corinne. The first clean I would do is to right? How did the structure off in the cane? Because this pain we have five. Come on, Adams. In the parent Jane on this No multiple bonds. Just a normal. Okay, so in Mona's substituted products, respect to have this substitution off. Ah, hydrogen. Adam, In the reactant from the Monas upset product on any off these pageant, Adams can actually be substituted to give the product. So on 100 arms in the first carbon are the same, so it doesn't matter which of them is substituted. We have come on 12345 So when the first Cabaniss substitute from come on one to give the product we have, we have the product like this. And this is one chloral content, right? But then if we have it substituted on the second carbon. Then this will move from here. Two, the next Carbone. And then we have hi clearing here. Ha Jin Here, In that case, declaring Adam will be on cover two on that would make it too chloral in 10. If we have it on the food carbon, that will make it to be cool here. And then we have hygiene, making it three chloral plantain. However, when it moves to this carbon, when the substrate alex on this carbon rather rather than forming for chloral maintain it actually forms to clue contain because then you have to start counting from here. 12345 Because according to a Iot pack you actually count from the carbon. That gives the position the lowest possible value, the lowest possible number. So if you start counting from here, you have 1234 boys that come from here, just 12 So it's giving it the Louis possible numbers. We have to start counting from the other side, which means this will be to cool open 10 and then in the same way. If it's here, you have it. Us one cool up in 10. So this are the only possible products that we can have. So the mourners substitution reactions for the die substitution reactions. So we have die. Substitution reaction off. Maintain close. Chlorine in the simile were right. The product on the structure of the reactions. Forgive me, Richards. The contain five carbon atoms against we can count. Say, 12345 Right. Plus clearing. So in this case, we're substituting to Hodgins arms at the same time instead of form. So they're a bunch of possibilities, less growth with them together. So we can have this substitution taking place on all on the first carbon. Right? And when we have that taking place all on the same cabin, we have this product. So if it's all on the same carbon we have, we have one one die. Chloral Pingtan, right? And then it could be that we have one on the first carbon and then the other on this second carbon. So if we have it in that we they were forming something different a suit from I only have this substitution. Okay, here, this on this, then we have. Then we have 12345 Then we have one two day chloral contain. Right off. This makes sense. And then when it's one on three doing, we have it. Us. Okay, so it's see, Is this in, Sergeant? So if it's one on three, so we have it. We have just substitution face on this. And then this moves the clothing Adam to the next carbon. Right. I would have the hydrogen being replaced. They're so this is Ho Jin. And then the cool green will be here. All right. Clothing is here, so we have one three substitute products have won three die. Cool room, maintain. And in this substitution is on the on the first and the fourth carbon. Then we have it us one full. So if it's between this fourth Callen on this one coven, then it's we have hired you. And then we have including item. So this is one cool die chloral maintain, right. And it could be between the first under fifth carbon. So in that case, we have it asked 15 So when we have a state, the hydrogen on the first under fifth Cowan, replaced by including Adam, the that substitute of product will be 15 That's cool content. So we have 15 day cool Clinton, right? It's This is all when we have this substitution taking place from the second carbon of the reactant that, uh, also different possibilities. So we have if we have it from the second cabin. So we have one, too. 345 So if we have the shin taking first time from this second Carmen, there are two possibilities. Go. Give me three possibilities. The 1st 1 is this one. And you have the product as let me use the right colors. This is the first possibility. So you have substation off the region by the Clinton arms. This will give you 22 die Kourou. Maintain. All right, this is the first possibility. Well, you have instead of this one is on the second covering. The other one is on the third carbon. Then you have when you have this obsession on the second and the third coven, then you have 23 23 dyke LaRue. Maintain right. You can have it on the second and the fourth Carbon. When you have that, it's gonna be to floor. So you have. That is two and four. Right. So you have 24 die, chloral maintain where you moved to the next one. You don't from a new product? I don't know. See why in a minute when it's so when it's between this on this you can't. You can't see. It's too five. Because then when you start counting from here, it to be 123 Both can have it. Us one full die chlo, rue contain, which we already have from the prove us wrong with. We have one full that coral contains, so we can have it again. Which means you can actually have to five for the same reason we mentioned. But in I apart rules, you have to start counting from the cavern. Now, give you the lowest possible number off the position off. The substitute ain't right. So this other possibilities we can have here on Finally, if we put it on position three. This only one possibility. We'll see that in a minute. Boss Corinne, product will be so less this. Can't we have 12345 If this substation takes place on the Hodgins off the third Cavan, we have this product this will be three. Three die, Chlor Oh, in 10. Right. This is the only possibility. Because if you move to any of this one you moved to like this. It to be 23 to move today. Is it to be 23? Because from here, you didn't start coming from here to be one too. Queen 45 can see four three Because then you assigned a larger number. Rather this small one. So either always is to three and we already have 23 here. So in the dice, substitute head products. We have nine possibilities. We have 11 12 We have 13 We have one Full 15 23 222 24 and 33 all. I'm dying, Guru Plantain. So we have nine possible products. Full the dye substitution reaction off and 10 with clothing.

So now we'll work on problem 40 from chapter eight. And this problem were asked to write a general equation for the reaction of a halogen with each substance a metal hydrogen and another halogen start with a medal. Um, so here we're going to have a medal. Are reacting with ah, halogen, which will describe his ex. And because hello, Jin's are die atomic. We need to, uh, put in this ex too. So now, in terms of stork yama tree metals can have multiple oxidation states. So lead two medals to account for, uh, the to hell engines. But we could have a variety of different, uh, numbers here for halogen, depending on the oxidation. Say so Well represented his end because it could be one or two. And so this year will produce two A metal X and then at the halogen will have. There will be n allergens in this compound, so that's a generic reaction for a halogen in part B. We know that hydrogen is diatonic. In addition to the hell it jin being die atomic. So here, hydrogen in the halogen will combine in a 1 to 1 ratio because hydrogen takes on a plus One charge, intelligent will take on a negative one charge. So we're just gonna form simply to H X And for the reaction of a hella gin with another halogen. We know that both hell engines will be diatonic. So represented his ex to plus Why, too. And we're going to form two X. Why? Because of strike your country.


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