5

Make a chart that compares and contrasts the organization of the animal body with that of a plant (see chapter 21 )....

Question

Make a chart that compares and contrasts the organization of the animal body with that of a plant (see chapter 21 ).

Make a chart that compares and contrasts the organization of the animal body with that of a plant (see chapter 21 ).



Answers

DRAW IT With rough sketches, draw a biological hierarchy
similar to the one in Figure 1.3 but using a coral reef as the
ecosystem, a fish as the organism, its stomach as the organ, and
DNA as the molecule. Include all levels in the hierarchy.

Yeah, we're going to be looking at how we determine the evolutionary relationship among species. In this case, we're going to be creating what is known as a filo genetic tree. Ah, follow genetic tree is a graphical or a diagram representation to show how species have evolved from one another over time. Are five species we're using are going to be a care if I al Gia Moss like a fight Fern and Jim no sperm on. We're going to determine the evolutionary relationship based on four different characteristics of water. Mega feels stems and seeds you'll see at the bottom of the screen. I have a table for you of species and their characteristics. This is simply for reference. In case you may not know which characteristics each of these species has, you won't necessarily be given a breakdown of characteristics like this. You may have to create a table by yourself to be able to assess the situation, but in this case, we do have this chart for reference. So in order to create a file a genetic tree, we're going to start with a very basic line. This is our baseline, and from our baseline, we're going to call create what are called branches and these branches air where we're going to place our specie names. So we have five species. We have 1234 and then this top of our baseline is going to be our fifth branch. In order to start policing our species in our characteristics onto our filo genetic tree, we need to know that the left most species is going to be the least advance and our then right most species is going to be our most advanced. And by advanced we mean the least for the most number of characteristics, so least advances going at the least number of characteristics. Most advanced skin have the most number of characteristics. This is where our charts going to come in handy. So in order to pick the least advanced species, we need to determine which of these species has the least number of characteristics. When we look at our chart, we can see the Tarifi. Al jah has none of these characteristics, so our care if I alga is going to be our least advanced. The species is also known as the Out Group because it does not have any characteristics in common with our other species. We then refer to our chart. We find out that moss is the second least advanced. Moss only has one out of the four characteristics. Then we have our like of fights, our ferns and finally our gym. No sperms. So we've now put these organisms, these species in order based on their least complexity to most complexity. Now we need to go back in and we need to be able to add the characteristics. Are characteristics are important to put on our filo genetic tree because this tells other people what characteristics we use to separate one species from the next. When we do this, similar to how we looked for the least advance to put the left most and most advanced to the right most in this case, we're looking for the characteristics that apply to the most number of plants and the characteristics that apply to the least number of species. In this case, the most number of species a characteristic Well, uh, a characteristic belongs to the further left it goes So by that, I mean, if we're looking at water weaken seawater is a characteristic in common of 12 34 different species. Mega Phil is only two of the species. Stems is three and then seeds is four. So because water belong is a characteristic that's possessed by four of those species, water is going to be our left most characteristic everything that comes to the left off this of this characteristic. They do not have that characteristic so evolutionarily in time we're going to the right and once that characteristic is developed, everything that comes after it has that characteristic. So in this case, carafes I algae does not have water. However, moss like a fight firms and gymnast firms, they all do require water. Then we go back to our chart. We see that the next characteristic is going to be stems. So stems is a characteristic of like a fights, ferns and Jim No sperms. However, Moss and Tarifi Al Gia do not have stems. Then we have our mega feels characteristic again. Ferns and Jim no sperms come to the right. They've come later in evolution. So they do have that characteristic, whereas the like of fights moss and clarify algae do not possess that characteristic. And then finally we have our seeds characteristic. Okay. And when we look at our chart, we see that the Onley organism that has seeds is the gym. No sperm. So seeds were developed, an evolutionary process. And then we have our gym. No sperms coming after it. None of these species that came before the seeds characteristic knowledge will have that characteristic. So you can see now on our filo genetic tree the evolutionary relationship between our five species. And we can tell this based on the characteristics that they do or do not have. So we can say that the care if I Al Gia is the out group, it has the least number of characteristic and actually has none of these characteristics in common with our other four species, then evolutionarily in time plants requiring water was a characteristic that was developed and everything that came after it therefore required water. Moss is our second least advanced organism with the least number of characteristics. Then stems were developed like fights, ferns and Jim. No sperms all have stems. They came after that point in time. Then the mega fields were developed. Ferns and Jim no sperms again evolutionarily came after that because they had mega fills and then finally, after the ferns were developed, we have a seed characteristic, and this seed characteristic is related to um or is a characteristic of Jim no sperms. So this is our filo genetic tree for our five species and are four characteristics that we were given.

Hello, everyone. I hope all is well. And today I will be helping you with the 62nd problem of the chapter for problems. And so this question is asking, examined the differences in and similarities and the structure Structural features of animal and plant cells justify the claim that both animals and plants have common ancestors based on your observations. So I'm going to use, um, walls trying to use blue. So hopefully this turns blue. So blue is similar and then you're going to we're going to do red So that stands out for dear friends. So let's turn off the similarities. So we know that both of them have golgi. Vast schools are Golgi. Apparatus is what I'm more trying to point out is the ecology apparatus, because that's the bigger process. So there's ah where, like the tagging of proteins happens. And then we know that both have my toe country, and then we know that they both have nucleus is so that is important in everything. So plants also also have nucleus is and then we know that both of them have Ah, right, resumed cytoplasm. Um, we know that they both have membranes. Um we know that both of them how rough and smooth ers, you know of have life summed to get to the differences. A lot of the differences occur within the, um, plants. Oh, so that they have a cameo plast. They have a large central vacuole, which is a lot different than anything. And then they also have, um, something that they call the cell ball. So they have a cell wall, which is a lot different, and they have corpus. So these differences are like the adaptations that plants have thio basically create their own food and also be more, um, structurally upright because the plant needs to grow like this and it's needs to be rigid in the stem. Um, so how this pertains to having a common ancestors from what we found is that they both have nucleus is so they have, ah, places where they need thio, Strother DNA and most importantly, what I would like to point out. And so will point this Having green is that both both of them have ah, mitochondria. So this is important. So both of them have these things. So the mitochondria point thio a point where they both have happen origination point with mitochondria. And the thing is, is that plant cells could have occurred first with the chloroplast because they could make their own food from, um, the sun Once the sun came, came out and was able to, uh, give energy to life and then the you carry its could have come after, um, or the other way around is that the U carriers were here and then those adaptations to utilize him light as a main source a of energy, but nonetheless, did the similarity in mitochondria? D'oh, Kandra, um, points thio common ancestor, because it has it own DNA, um, own rhizomes, uh, own d n A. And it's circular, which makes it like a pro cario. And then it has, ah, 70 s, right presumes which are also in pro carrots anymore. But it's mainly the model country that connects the two to a common ancestor. And so I hope you found this helpful. And I hope you have a great day. Thank you.

Compressive plant with them. Now go terms of adaptations for a life online. Where's this life in water? So what start were specialized structures and see how the truth differentiate. So okay, the whole al caper firms who Al que performs for success. I'm sobs. Water See you too. And when you're old from water and it's a plant. See Plant has specialized organs to perform different functions like they have roots for water and minerals. They have stems. Andrew X for support and have leaves and stems from folding thinks is whereas an alligator, the whole al que performs all the functions. I was special. My structures. Next, let's look at what forms of anchors do the two have. Okay, I don't have any such anchors. They're usually anchored by a hold fast, and they have no rigid fish fingers and are completely supported by water. Whereas in seed plants to have liquefied vascular tissues to provide support against gravity and to carry food and water and hurry production, Al Gay has flagellating sperm. Ex Webster, Freddy lives and ek and offspring miss this first by water and for a seat plant spirit is carried by Poland. Greens imbues the love old parent plant and then protected and provided for by seats

So to come for alga and see point, let's start with specialized structures before l go. We have the entire alga performs, Forcing says. Absorbs water. See if reading minerals from the water in case a C plant a cast specialized organs for each function for absorb water and mineral. Third alludes to provide support. This stems and roots, and for photo senses, it has leaves and stuff. Next we have a banker. Really, Elga are rankled by a hold fast. Generally, they have no rigid tissues and the supported by the sun. Only water kicks of see porn have liquefied vascular tissue that supported against gravity and carry food and water. Next let's talk about reproduction her I'll Good. They have flat Julia, good sperm that swim to fertilize an ink and offspring is displaced by water as well. In sequence, this poem is carried by Paul in greens and embryos, develop on the parent point and then a protected and provided for by seats


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