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The negative (or positive) evaluation of a group and its members is calleda. Stereotypingb. Prejudicec. Self-fulfilling prophecyd. Discrimination...

Question

The negative (or positive) evaluation of a group and its members is calleda. Stereotypingb. Prejudicec. Self-fulfilling prophecyd. Discrimination

The negative (or positive) evaluation of a group and its members is called a. Stereotyping b. Prejudice c. Self-fulfilling prophecy d. Discrimination



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The negative (or positive) evaluation of a group and its members is called a. Stereotyping b. Prejudice c. Self-fulfilling prophecy d. Discrimination

I merely want to explain what infected reasonings inductive restraining. Basically, it's broad generalizations from observations observed in the environment. Example of this would be rainfall in the tropics. If it rains every full in the tropics, then you can make a generalization that the upcoming phone it will wait.

So this question is asking us which type of bias involves being fixated on a single trait of a problem were given four options I opted out of writing by is just so is redundant. But these are all described by being tux of biases and that were given anchoring confirmation, representative and availability. So if it is obvious, this question is basically getting that your understanding about the types of biases and basically these are decision biases that interfere with the way one thinks and, um understands information being given to them. So the best way to go about this is basically going through every option. And, um, seeing with best what definition best fits our question. So I'm gonna work my way up, so I'm gonna start with availability. So availability Bias is better known as availability heuristic, and this is just because it's a reflection. It's reflective of, um, I guess the term kind of gives it away about what's available. So to put this into better perspective, it's the fact of making a decision based on, um, what is readily available to you, even though it's not the best example. So what this means is it's basically trying Teoh. Save or adhere to what you already know or what's already mentally established to maintain. Um, those believes that you already have. So, for lack of a better way of describing it, it's simply, um, it's simply saving or own. How would I best describe this? Um, it's using info readily available to make ah, decision and availability should be a big signifier. Us Teoh What availability Bias actually means, but I know that the definition may tend to get a little clouded in terms of how this might, um, be different from other biases. But the key to remember this is is the fact that it's using information that immediate and ready to ready to grasp. And it more often than not, saves or preserves existing believes. Just as all biases tend to dio moving forward, we have representative bias so going backward availability. Because of this definition, we know that is that jet. It's not specifically fixated on any single trait, but rather more fixated on what we already know or what's already within our minds. And because of that, it's not a right answer. So for take two moving forward, we have representative bias and representative bias. Although I feel like this quite this option, maybe what one, um might immediately think. If they don't understand, they don't know the definitions of the other biases. Because when you think about it, if it's a repurpose representative bias than you could say, you could probably say that Ah, single trade of a problem is representative of, um the bias, the representative of the attention that should be given to the problem. Well, this thought process does make sense. It's actually not true, are presented of biased deals, more with stereotypes. And that's essentially the only key word you have to remember when it comes to representative bias because it's unintentional. But it is a stereotyping of someone or something or a group, and because of that, you're not fixate on a single trade. You're fixated on a stereotype, and arguably that could be, you know, a trait. But what's what a better keyword would be for Representative would be stereotype in order for this question, Um, for in order for representative to be the right answer to this question, it must include some sort of stereotype. Therefore, it isn't a right answer. Moving up. We have confirmation bias and, just like availability. Confirmation bias has the heard confirmation, and it's really reflective of the definition of on the concept. Basically, the confirmation bias Is Onley focusing information or essentially hyper focusing on info that confirms I believe? Beliefs, I should say. So this would be Imagine looking at a big problem And, um, you get some part of the part of the answer. And while there is a downside to it, you're hyper focused on what? What is good because you believe that, um, this prop this this answer is good enough. That's a very general way of going about it. But it's essentially focusing on an aspect of a problem, or even even, um, response to a problem on Lee, only for it to work in your favor or work to your liking. And, um, there are so many, um, examples of this in politics. But because of that, this isn't reflective of any sort of hyper focus on a single trade. But rather one owns, um, conceptions and believes so. This isn't our answer, either, leaving us with anchoring bias and by definition, anchoring bias focuses on one piece of info. One problem solving or decision making. Um, this. This is different from confirmation because, although in confirmation bias, you're focusing on one thing that one thing has to confirm your beliefs. While anchoring is little more general than that and that it's just the general focus of Focus Hain on one piece of information off the given circumstances problem. And it doesn't have to confirm your belief whatsoever, begin anchoring bias. The correct answer.

So this question is asking us to identify term or the type of bias. Specifically, that involves relying on false stereotype to make a decision off the bite. Types of biases were given in cream bias, confirmation, bias, representative bias and the availability by its, um, I admitted riding bias just to the same space, and so it is redundant. So the best way to go about this is looking at every option were given and understanding each term and applying that to the definition that were given and seeing what best fits I'm going to start with and green bias the best way I remember and green biases that we think of an anchor. We see it stay in one place and in terms of talking about anchoring bias, that one place is significant or the equivalent of one piece of information. So what I mean by this is that the anchoring bias is to find a focusing on one piece of info. When it comes to problem solving or decision making. In green, bias comes into play when you're only focused on one aspect of the circum circumstance given, or this situation, and because of that because of that it's not really reflective any of any false stereotype. Um, so in green isn't the right answer moving forward? We have confirmation bias, and the easy thing about confirmation bias is that the word confirmation kind of just tells you what. But, um, the definition of the term is. And to put it simply, confirmation bias is focusing, focusing on info that confirms you're believes. And this has seen a lot when talking about political debates and, um, of that matter. And it's what you want, afraid. Stay away from when you're involved in, um, debates and Socratic seminars because you want to be able to look at different perspectives that aren't your own or don't agree with you. And confirmation bias comes in between that because of the confirmation, bias is really more reflective of bias towards your own beliefs rather than a stereotype you might have. So while you might believe in a stereotype, it's not. It's not. The problem that's being asked is specific Teoh ah, type of bias that's defined by stereotype in general, while confirmation is only that of your beliefs. So while that my son may have been a little confusing, bottom line is that confirmation bias isn't the correct cancer because there is a better answer to the question. So dislike confirmation bias and Miskin representative um, and hop down to availability because availability, also because of the name of the term, gets a lot of way about his definition. So availability bias refers to the use of, um, what you already know. So basically what this is getting at is decision making or problem solving based on the availability of a new example that is readily available to you. So this may be weeks and experiences or examples that you're familiar with their information you're familiar with. And what's important to note about this is that because it may not be the best example, this may not be the best example, but you only use it because it's readily available. And then because of this, it's usually shelters you on shelters, your pre existing knowledge or beliefs or attitudes and conceptions. But what you really have to know about availability heuristic is that it uses examples schlock slash info that is readily available to you and keyword is just readily available, and you could kind of, um, put in the puzzle pieces from there. And because of that, it also isn't all right. Answer. Because it doesn't really touch at all on general stereotypes. Leaving us with representative biased. And this holds true because representative biases specific to decision making or problem self being based on stereotypes, whether they be right or wrong. So a simple way to navigate but bias questions is when you see the word stereotype relative Teoh options like these of bias, most likely your answer will be representative bias.

All right, So this question is asking, collectivist cultures are to blink as individualistic cultures are to Blake a disposition, als situational, be situational disposition all see autonomy group harmony de just world hypothesis. Self serving bias? Well, obviously, it's pretty respective in terms of its order. And to go about this question, you really have to understand the differences between collectivist IQ and in developed, individualistic cultures. And what's nice about this is that pretty much take a guess as to what they generally mean based on the actual word. So looking at collectivist, you see this word collect and that reminds me of, you know, when you're collectively doing something, you're doing things together or with other people, however an individualistic you see the word individual, and it's very much alone, singular. And that really kind of just said a lot about what it means, because collectivist cultures really emphasized the work of, um, relationships. So this collectivist culture is very relationship oriented, while individualistic cultures, in addition to be you emphasizing on individuals. It's more achievement oriented, and this is expressing cultures, um, that are war Western. So, like here in the United States, Canada on the UK Howard Collectivist cultures air more so seen in the cultures that really value family a lot you know, significantly greater than Western cultures that be in Latin cultures, Asian cultures and African cultures. So individualistic culture is really value or really are characterized by independent, while collectivist is an interdependent. And here you could see that because of that it's more autonomous, and then the word for collectivist to kind of oppose that would be group autonomy. But when relating this to social psychology terms and how we view or how or what we value, individualistic culture is very much they have the tendency to commit the fundamental attribution error. And if you, if you recall the fundamental distribution error is basically this idea that the behavior of someone is attributed to their trade rather than the situations that they're put in. So going back further, this really it really goes back to the conversation about what situation and what's disposition, ism or situation is, um so situation is, um, that our behavior and actions are determined by environment surroundings, while disposition is, um that our behavior is determined by internal factors. So with that being said, individualistic cultures are very much talking about this position is, um, while collectivist cultures really emphasized situation is, um and I think that should be enough to really help you answer the question for bugs. We could go up so right away. We know that we deacon be eliminated because just rolled hypothesis is this idea that everyone gets what they deserve essentially a person's outcomes based on what they deserve. Um, and that's if you were to apply that to a stop to a culture that even very much more individualistic rather than on collectivist stick. Because it's less of you. Don't you're not really seeing any sort of interdependence or relationships emphasized and same thing with self serving by a self serving biased something that will be reflected in individualistic cultures because it's very much a tribute ings oneself the good outcomes. You could think of that as achievements to one's internal attributions, while the negative to external individualistic cultures are just very, um, selfish, if you will. If you could say that the leaving us with A and B, which are just opposites of this positional situational and see autonomy and group harmonies of recall. If you recall what I just went over between this with disposition, ism and situation. Is, um this really? It pertains to the question because collectivist cultures, as I said, are more situational, while individualistic cultures are more this positional, as in distributing toe ones. No one's own traits that making be the right answer. But then you're probably asking, all right, why isn't see the right answer because you also mentioned autonomy and group autonomy or group harmony? Well, had this had this answer option been flipped, then we would have had trouble eliminating it. But rather it's saying that collectivist cultures are toe autonomy on individualistic cultures are two group harmony, which is the opposite. So collectivist cultures air to group harmony while individualistic cultures are to autonomy. So because of that, B is the only correct answer.


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