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Explain how Boyle's law, Charles's law, Avogadro's law, and Dalton's law all follow from kinetic molecular theory....

Question

Explain how Boyle's law, Charles's law, Avogadro's law, and Dalton's law all follow from kinetic molecular theory.

Explain how Boyle's law, Charles's law, Avogadro's law, and Dalton's law all follow from kinetic molecular theory.



Answers

What are the main ideas in Dalton"s atomic theory? How do they help explain the laws of conservation of mass, of constant composition, and of definite proportions?

To some of our eyes. Boys, this genius boy way have a child's shawl and have a smoke. Okay, so how do we do this? We'll go first for boys to Charleston Harbor. Garters. So, boys law is, ah, long down into the pressure to get language for you and shoes out. Her show is mostly proportion not to bother at whole Stan's temperature. The one he stands is that's actually increase pressure born in decreases unless you decrease, pressure increases. So it's just that be just money obviously must be proportional to pressure. We'll just be at a consequence and picture on Dhe when any supposed to Constance one. This permissions are close. That's so that is voice Look. The next lot is Charles de Gaulle, and that relates volume with temperature. So Charles Largest. Then we must get asked with Chris Temperature body courses, and that's really Chris. Temperature decreases, and this is rational because you're Chris stamp a job that gas will kill you, be candidate energy, and then we'll get more ground only, and that leads to an expansion. Because of the pressure, we have a line on the twisting or the world onto hell of themselves. So promise to the expansion which used to correspondent was in Christmas body. So chance law states that that she improves bawling as you Christopher John, uh, brother crazed after his body was doing before she wants it. And the next lord niece, They have a rather small and have a God's law can be used to compute the morning looking gas pulling any change in the amount of the gas. US long has a pressure and temperature off gas is constant. So this lost if that before falling off. All gases are the symptoms. Picture and pressure contents. The same number of molecules and thio represent its matematica. Lee is gonna leave morning. It's for auction, aren't you? And we're hands the number off more. And now with P, she, uh, Austin.

Hello Today we're going to talk Chapter 12 Question 23 which asks us to relate. Charles is law, which is V one over t one equals V two over T to for an ideal gas, and we need to relate that to the kinetic molecular theory of the gas. So first, we'll just state what the kinetic molecular theory is the kinetic molecular theory. It's the idea that gases has an average kinetic energy that is related to the temperature of the gas, which causes the molecules to move and just kind of bounce around in their container randomly. So, for example, this gas has thes molecules moving, bouncing off of each other, bouncing off the walls of the container and so on. And this side drawing here that's just label. This is a piston that could be pushed back with enough force. And so this has, say, the pressure on the outside of Sir P out is one atmosphere and pee inside at the moment is also one atmosphere. And so we're interested in what happens if we increase the temperature. And so if we increase the temperature so we'll say that this is t one, we'll just say we increased temperature. Now we have more kinetic energy by the kinetic molecular theory. Are gases arm or energetic? And so if we redraw our little setup got our piston Well, it started gas first we've got our gas molecules and they now have more kinetic energy. So there's more bouncing. And that's more collisions with Thea pistol at the top, as well as the sides of the container which don't move. If the piston could not move, more collisions over the same area would mean the pressure increases. But the piston can move. And so, in fact, the piston goes up. It is pushed up by the gas in the same way that this your car motor fires, we'll draw small gas. We have the same amount of gas. And so now P in has re achieved one atmosphere by increasing the volume of the container. But the only thing has changed is V one and now ve to which is greater than V one. By increasing the surface area of the container, we've decreased the amount of energy localized being transmitted by the gas to any one piece of the container. Unless we've re normalized the pressure to be one atmosphere. Whereas if we have left the piston where it was here, an increase the temperature, I would have had more energy per unit area. And so the more force per unit area. And so the pressure would have increased the piston moving allowed for an increased volume to maintain equal pressures inside and outside. Thank you.

So this question wants the Anek SPLA nation of Dalton's theory and what are the different components of it. And then how did these components explained the law of Conservation of Mass, the law of constant composition and the law of definite proportions? And so Dalton's theory has four points. The first is that each element is composed of tiny, indestructible particles called Adams. The second point is that all adams of a given element have the same mass and other properties that distinguish them from other elements. The third point is Adams combine in simple hole number ratios to form compounds. Four Is Adams off? One element cannot change into atoms of another element in chemical reactions. Okay, the eraser is not working on this. Redo this in chemical reactions. They Adam's combine to form different substances, and so on. Number four explains the law of conservation of Mass because Adam's cannot change what element they are on ly how they are bonded and therefore the mass off the atoms will always be the same because the atoms cannot change. Laws two and three go back to Page one. Laws two and three explain of the law of definite proportions because Adams will always have the same mass and they'll combine and whole number ratios. And so, therefore are the law of definite proportions, says the ratio by mass will always be the same for any given element. And, ah, points two and three. Explain that, and points two and three also explain ah, constant composition. Given that all atoms of a given element have the same mass and they combine in simple whole number ratios, so therefore, the ratio by mass will always be the same.

Let's summarize each of the simple gas laws. For first of all, look at Boyle's law, so Boyle's law can be used to compete. The volume of a gas. Yeah, following a pressure change, okay, or the pressure of a gas following a volume change. As long as the temperature and the amount of gas remain constant, so boils long. Volume is proportional to the inverse of pressure, with temperature and moles constant. Yeah, well next to look at Charles's law Charles Law yeah, can be used to compute the volume of a gas following a temperature change or the temperature of a gas following a volume change as long as the pressure and the amounts of gas are constant. Charles law The volume is proportional to the temperature when the pressure on the moles are held constant. The third look at the God Rose Law Africa Cadres law can be used to computes the volume of a gas following a change in the amounts of the gas. A za long is the pressure and temperature of the gas are constant for Allah, God rose law volume is proportional to the number of moles. When the pressure and the temperature or held constant. There are simple explanations of our three laws. Oil's law, Charles Law and Have a God Rose Law.


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