how to convert ESD to WIM file
Windows 10

How To Convert ESD To WIM File On Windows 10-Detailed Instruction

Wonder how to convert ESD to WIM file on your computer? This is a should-read article for you with a lot of useful information. Scroll down to read!   

People who have been using Windows for years might not know about the ESD and WIM files and how they are different. Both of these files contribute a lot to Windows settings. However, within your operating system, only one of them exists. Therefore, in today’s article, we will explain to you more about these files. Also, we will walk you through the methods of how to convert ESD to WIM file in detail. Let’s scroll down to read!   

ESD And WIM Files  

To make it easier to follow, we will walk you through the definitions of ESD and WIM files and their features before heading to methods to convert between the files in the next part. 

ESD Files 

An ESD is known as a Windows Electronic Software download file as it is downloaded by Microsoft’s Electronic Software Download application. You can find this file quite popular in Windows operating systems. ESD also possesses the encrypted Windows Imaging format file (.WIM). 

There are other types of ESD files which mean ExpertScan Survey Document. They are often used to save forms, reports, surveys. Be noted that you should differentiate the differences between these files carefully.  

WIM Files 

WIM file is known as a file-based format that works with Windows operating systems. When using the WIM files, the sizes of your files are compressed around one-third compared to the original. You can apply this type of file without removing the original one. One tool to unarchive WIM files is 7-Zip.  

During the time of use, several problems with WIM files might arise. If you can’t open the file or the unit gets infected by a virus, you can try the following methods: 

– Check the compatibility between the WIM file extension and the programs.  First, on WindowsMacLinuxiPhoneAndroid, right-click on any WIM file! Next, select “Open with” > “Choose another app”. Then, choose another program, and check the option “Always use this app to open *.wim files”.

– Update the program! Maybe the current software uses the newest update of the WIM format, so make sure you have both of them updated. You can also check on the Microsoft Corporation manufacturer’s official website for the Windows update.  

– Users can scan the WIM file to check whether they are infected by some virus. 

Convert ESD To Wim – The Purposes 

Both install. esd and install. wim are compressed files. All files will be extracted from them to the form of a system drive during the Windows installation. 

Sometimes the WIM file doesn’t exist within your Windows operating system but the ESD file. These files are different from each other because compared to WIM files, the size of ESD files has a greater ratio of compression. As a result, the install. esd file possesses a smaller size than the install. wim file, around a third.

The point is when you convert install.esd to install.wim, you have modified and mounted ESD files. Because it is impossible to operate security updates, modify some Windows deployment options, or for drivers addition on the ESD ones.   

How To Convert ESD To WIM file – Detailed Instruction

Before heading to the ESD file converter, let’s get to know how to extract these files from Windows 10 install ISO (disc image file). 

Extracting Install. esd file from the Windows 10 install ISO 

First, users are suggested to use the Windows 10 Upgrade Assistant or Media Creation tool to implement this process. Next, open the File Explorer and right-click on the Windows 10 ISO image before choosing Mount. 

how to convert ESD to WIM file

Implementing right-click on the Windows ISO 

After that, head to C:\ drive! Here, you have to make a Win10 folder before copying and moving all files from Windows 10 ISO image into this new folder.

how to convert ESD to WIM file

Creating a new folder name Win10

Now, move to the Sources option in this folder, find and copy the file install. esd

how to convert ESD to WIM file

Making a copy of the esd file 

Continue to create another folder with the name ESD. Paste the copied file into it. 

how to convert ESD to WIM file

Pasting the copied file into the new folder 

As you see, the process is quite simple. Now you have got the ESD file in a separate folder. Let’s move to the main part today – convert ESD to WIM file! 

Using DISM 

DISM is known as a Deployment Image Servicing and Management Tool, which is used to contribute to Windows. Users can not only use this tool to figure out the problem located within the Windows operating system but also to mount Windows images in .vhd, .vhdx, and .wim format.

Getting back to our article today, we will guide you on how to convert ESD to WIM files. So, the next step for you is opening the Command prompt and type in the order: cd c:\esd 

how to convert ESD to WIM file

Writing down the command. 

Normally, either the ESD file or WIM file may possess several Windows editions that are different from each other by their index. Therefore, you have to list all the Window edition by running the order statement: dism /Get-WimInfo /WimFile:install.esd

how to convert ESD to WIM file

Listing all the Windows editions 

As a result, you now get an image of four Windows 10 versions with various indexes (index 1, index 2, index 3, and index 4). Choose the index of the Windows edition that you are needing. 

Users can extract a few Windows editions to the install.WIM file. But for a clearer explanation, in this article, we will choose Index 1, and the Windows edition we are using is the Windows 10 Pro.  

how to convert ESD to WIM file

Choosing the index that you need

Run the next order statement, which will help you to extract the specific Windows edition before converting it to a WIM file.

dism /export-image /SourceImageFile:install.esd /SourceIndex:1 /DestinationImageFile:install.wim /Compress:max /CheckIntegrity

After that, you will have to take some time to wait for the process to get done. The duration fluctuates from 10 to 30 minutes. 

how to convert ESD to WIM file

It will take time for the process to get accomplished. 

In case you want to add another Windows edition to the WIM file, do the same steps.

how to convert ESD to WIM file

The process applied the same with WIM files. 

After the process is accomplished, copy your new WIM file and paste it into the WIN10 original folder to replace the ESD file. Thus, your file is finally converted to WIN format. 

Using PowerShell 

Besides using DISM, the PowerShell application is an ESD to WIM converter. In detail, you can use the PowerShell cmdlets to convert your ESD file to the WIM image format. First, get to the PowerShell console, and implement the following order statement: Get-WindowsImage -ImagePath “f:\sourcesinstall.esd”. 

how to convert ESD to WIM file

Writing the order in the PowerShell 

Now, apply the next order statement to convert ESD to WIM file: 

Export-WindowsImage -SourceImagePath F:sourcesinstall.esd -SourceIndex 10 -DestinationImagePath C:\esd\install.wim -CheckIntegrity

Using DISM ++ (GUI)

DISM++ is also one of the helpful tools that can help users convert from Win 10 ESD to WIM files. For Windows users, this is a familiar command-line unit from Microsoft that can do different operations on Windows components such as adding, removing files, installing, uninstalling updates, etc. To convert the file, let’s follow the steps below: 

– Download and launch the DISM ++ file 

– Select the route File > WIM > ESD/SWM file

how to convert ESD to WIM file

Select the option to convert the files 

Choose the ESD source and address path of the WIM image like in the below photo

how to convert ESD to WIM file

Addressing the path of WIM image 

Finally, select Finish and give a bit of time for the converting process to get accomplished. 

how to convert ESD to WIM file

Converting the file

As a result, after you convert install. esd to install. wim file, the files can be mounted using the DISM utility. Users can even use it to make Windows installation images. 

Using NTLite 

Our last suggestion today is the NTLite application. Besides helping Winds operations (integrating drivers, updates, programs setup), it also helps change install.ESD to WIM format. Let’s have a closer look! 

– Start the NTlite application, then add a source into this program.

how to convert ESD to WIM file

Adding a source into the program 

Right-click on the source and select the following route convert>WIM (Standard, editable)

A confirmation window will appear with a checkbox named Replace source image.  You can choose to enable the option if you don’t prefer the source image (.ESD).  

how to convert ESD to WIM file

The process of converting the file might take a bit of time 

Depending on the size of the files, the converting process might take about 10 minutes. You can take a look at the picture below to see the result before and after the change. 

how to convert ESD to WIM file

Before and after converting process 

The Bottom Line! 

Although ESD files are more compressed than WIM, it is sometimes difficult to operate on these files. Therefore, users need to change the files back to their classical version for more convenient use. Via this article, we hope you have learned how to convert ESD to WIM file using DISM, DISM ++, PowerShell, and NTLite. Each method has its advantages and disadvantages, so read carefully before applying! Good luck!   

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