Need to know more about Active Directory Groups types and how to create or manage them? Let’s read this article below because it will be useful for you!
If you are looking for a way to control access to resources and list permissions for any resource, an active directory group may be helpful for your tasks.
Since Active Directory Group types come with several complicated features, you need to study them carefully before creating and managing your own groups. Let’s read the article below to understand more!
Active Directory Groups Types
Before learning to create and manage Active Directory Groups, you should carefully explore each of the AD group types.
The commonly asked question is: What is an Active Directory Group? For people having the same question, Active Directory Group is a collection of user objects, other groups/other Active Directory (AD) objects, or computers that work as a security agency. Through AD groups, administrators can control, decentralize and allow multiple users to access resources on the network simultaneously.
In Windows, Active Directory is divided into two segments: Group Type and Group Scope. What are the differences between them? We will help you to distinguish.
- Group Type: It determines the way a group is handled in Active Directory. You can create two types of groups in Active Directory, namely Distribution Groups and Security Groups.
- Group Scope: You can manage objects that a group can incorporate via Group Scope. It consists of the following domains: Domain Local Groups, Universal Groups, and Global Groups.
In this article, we will mainly focus on Active Directory users and groups types and the two varieties of AD groups.
Type 1: Active Directory Security Groups
AD Security Groups can contain a group of users with multiple specified permissions and access to particular resources like printers, shared folders, and different objects.
When using this type of group, the administrator does not need to assign permissions to any group members because all members have equal access to any item in a shared file or folder.
However, if you are in more than one AD Security Group that pertains to the same users, all groups will apply the restrictive permissions, which means you can only reach the group in a read-only format.
Type 2: Active Directory Distribution Groups
AD Distribution groups are built to share data and information in a user group via email communications. In other words, if you own this type of AD group, you can use applications like Microsoft Exchange to send bulk emails to your group of several users all at once instead of sending them one by one.
Different kinds of AD groups
Below we will discover more about Active Directory Group Types in terms of creating them, managing them, or deleting them. Let’s get started.
How To Create Active Directory Groups
There are many ways to create a group. After researching and consulting many reputable technology sites, we will guide you to the three most effective and practical methods to easily create your own groups.
Method 1: Via The Active Directory Administrative Center
#Step 1: Launch Server Manager first. When the Tools menu appears, let’s open the Active Directory Administrative Center console by clicking on Active Directory Administrative Center.
Alternatively, you can start up the Active Directory Administrative Center console by opening the run dialog box and writing down Dsac.exe. Then, press the Enter key on the keyboard.
#Step 2: Next, choose the domain and tap the New option from the recommended list on the right of the window, as shown below.
Create an Active Directory Group
#Step 3: You need to name your Group, then choose the type and scope of the Group you want – AD Security Groups or AD Distribution Groups. Finally, click on the OK button to finish the process.
Create An Active Directory Group
Please keep in mind that your Group name cannot be longer than 64 characters and cannot match any name in your domain. You can also edit again if you are not satisfied with the options just finished by right-clicking the Group and selecting Properties.
With the three basic and simple steps above, you can now create your own Active Directory Group with the features you want.
Method 2: Via PowerShell
#Step 1: Before creating Active Directory Groups by using PowerShell, the first important thing is you need to download and install PowerShell. Then, you can import the PowerShell module PowerShell via cmdlets:
- Import-Module ActiveDirectory
Create a new Active Directory Group via PowerShell
#Step 2: Choose the AD Groups type you want to create in the Group Category argument. Then use the suitable cmdlets for each variety.
For example, to form a new AD Distribution Group with Global Scope in the target organizational unit, you can apply the following command:
- New-ADGroup -Path “OU=Groups,OU=Brasil,DC=theitbros,DC=com” -Name “BrasilUsers” -GroupScope Global -GroupCategory Distribution
#Step 3: In case you need to discover all of the AD Distribution Groups types in the domain, the following request will be useful:
- Get-ADGroup -Filter ‘groupcategory -eq “Distribution”‘
#Step 4: If you need to create a new AD Security Group, let’s type the below command:
- New-ADGroup –Name RemoteAccessUsers -GroupScope Universal -GroupCategory Security -Path “OU=Groups,OU=USA,DC=theitbros,DC=com”
Create a new Active Directory Group via PowerShell
Method 3: Via Active Directory Users and Computers
Besides, you can also use Active Directory Users and Computers to create a new AD group that you like. Let’s follow the steps as illustrated below.
#Step 1: Firstly, run Server Manager on your PC. Then, choose Active Directory Users and Computers to start the Active Directory Users and Computers console.
Alternatively, you can open the Active Directory Users and Computers console via the run dialog box and write down Dsa.msc.
#Step 2: When the Active Directory Users and Computers utility appears, let’s right-click on the Domain selection. After that, you have to choose the New option and finally tap the Group title.
Create an AD group via Active Users and Computers console
#Step 3: You can select any types or scopes of Groups you need and give a name to it. Finally, click on the OK button to finish the process.
If you have to edit one more time, you just need to right-click on the Group title, then tap on the Properties heading and change any information you want.
How To Manage Active Directory Groups
It is necessary for you to learn how to manage Active Directory Groups because it is involved in security and efficiency. Specifically, Active Directory utility works as a system through which users, clients, devices, and other objects validate and gain access to that system.
If you do not know how to manage documents in your group as well as AD, many hackers can take advantage of this to infiltrate and steal your important data and resources. That’s why you need to avoid bad situations before they happen to you by one of the ways recommended below.
Access Rights Manage tool
This management tool will enable system managers to efficiently manage users and devices over various domains, permitting them to troubleshoot problems and make sure users possess accurate access permissions.
Thanks to this tool, administrators can easily assign policies and permissions to groups of users and computers on the network. This supports administrators in better controlling user login information to protect the network environment.
Control The Right To Join Or Leave The Group
Another important method you can do is provide users with a self-service gateway to join or exit groups. However, you need concurrent ownership according to the defined rules. You can also grant the group’s owner permission to maintain membership or permit anyone from a certain part of the company to participate in the group.
Apply Segregation of Duties
You can also divide and separate duties or roles for each member of your organization. In other words, each person in the group must take on a distinct task. This helps you to manage the individuals as well as the tasks or resources of the group more effectively.
Moreover, you also had better put in order your groups in an easy-to-understand way, which means they should be organized in managerial or geography hierarchy with group descriptions.
Name The Group According To The Standard Rules
Right from the start, you should name the groups with critical information about the group, such as resource type, group scope, security level, or mail capacity. This makes it much easier for users to identify important data.
Above are the most popular and practical AD management techniques for users to manage their groups more effectively. You can refer to these ways to better control your own groups!
How To Add More Members To A Group?
Solution 1: Via Active Directory Users And Computers
#Step 1: Launch Active Directory Users And Computers by opening the Start menu, then click on Administrative Tools.
#Step 2: Search the name of the Group that you want to add more members. After that, double-click on that item.
#Step 3: You will see the RemoteEmployees Properties window; click on the Members title, then select Add button to supplement users, other groups, or computers that you want.
Add members to a Group
#Step 4: Tap the button OK to finish the adding process.
Note: Once adding multiple members to the Group, searches are applied only for the following object types such as Groups, Users, and Service Accounts.
Add members to a Group
Solution 2: Via PowerShell
After creating Groups using the PowerShell module, you can add more users to your Group by using the Add-ADGroupMember command below:
- Add-ADGroupMember RemoteAccessUsers -Members user1,user2,user3
How To Delete A Group?
You can follow these steps to remove a Group.
#Step 1: Click on the Start menu, select Administrative Tools, and then choose Active Directory Users And Computers.
#Step 2: Search for the name of the Group that you want to remove.
#Step 3: Double-click on the Group, then select the Delete option from the shortcut table.
#Step 4: Tap the Yes button to confirm that you want to delete this Group completely.
Note: When you remove a Group from your device, the following things will disappear, namely the Group and all the permissions of the Groups. Therefore, you should consider carefully before performing this operation.
How To Get All The Information About The Group?
This action can be performed via this Get-ADGroup command:
- get-adgroup ‘domain admins’
Get all information about the Group
DistinguishedName : CN=Domain Admins,CN=Users,DC=theitbros,DC=com
GroupCategory : Security
GroupScope : Global
Name : Domain Admins
ObjectClass : group
ObjectGUID : f04fbf5d-c917-43fb-9235-b214f6ea4156
SamAccountName : Domain Admins
SID : S-1-5-21-3243688314-1360023605-3291231821-512
How To Calculate The Total Number Of Users In The Group?
You can apply this Get-ADGroupMember cmdlet as shown below:
- (Get-ADGroupMember -Identity ‘Domain Admin’).Count
How To List The Active Directory Groups That The Users Belong To?
Run the following command:
- Get-ADUser jbrion -properties memberof | select memberof -expandproperty memberof
List AD Groups user accounts belong to
How To Copy The Membership Of Users In A Large Number Of Active Directory Groups?
In case you need to imitate total security Groups from domain users and add them to other user accounts, let’s apply the following PowerShell command:
- $SourceADUser= “j.brion”
$SourceADGroups = Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership -Identity $SourceADUser
Add-ADPrincipalGroupMembership -Identity $TargetADUser -MemberOf $SourceADGroups
How To Receive A Primary Group Id?
You can use the following request via the PowerShell module:
- $ADdomainSID = Get-ADDomain | Select-Object -ExpandProperty DomainSID | Select-Object -ExpandProperty Value
Get-ADGroup -Identity $($ADdomainSID + “-” + $primaryGroupID)
How To Change The Group Type Of A Group?
#Step 1: Open the Start menu, click on Administrative Tools, then select Active Directory Users And Computers.
#Step 2: Find the name of the Group you want to change Type. After that, right-click on the Group. Later on, select Properties on the window screen.
#Step 3: The General marker will appear. Let’s change the type of Group in the Group Type title (Security or Distribution Type).
#Step 4: Tap the OK button to end the process.
In The Nutshell
To sum up, we have already helped you tell Active Directory Groups Types apart. In essence, there are two types of groups: Active Directory Security Groups and Active Directory Distribution Groups. Besides, some of the most effective ways to create, remove and manage groups are included in this article.
We hope that our easiest-to-follow techniques related to Active Directory Groups will be helpful for you!
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